The Criminal Psychology of Mrs. Wright Murder in human history dates back to the biblical story of Cain and Abel, the first descendants of Adam and Eve. Cain eliminated Abel out of jealousy, and since then numerous quantities of fights have actually lead to the severe action of murder as a resolve to the disagreement. Killings have actually become so typical that some can now be viewed as justified, which seems the popular understanding of Mrs. Wright’s murder of her spouse in Susan Glaspell’s play Trifles. Aside from self-defence and military soldiers serving to protect the innocent, there is never a case in which murder can be justified, particularly in the circumstance on Mrs. Wright. Although Glaspell offers ideas of a psychologically abusive marital relationship, this does not provide Mrs. Wright justification for murder. In fact, the method she goes about the act quite computed and sociopathic. Uncovering clues throughout Susan Glaspell’s Trifles will expose a calculated murder which provides Mrs. Wright the title of a sociopath.
Among the excellent rights offered to Americans is the ability to constantly stand a trial, despite the crime, in this manner even the defendant has an opportunity to plead their case of innocence. Nevertheless, sometimes loopholes in the law are made use of by lawyers to get their customer out of difficulty, or a minimum of decrease the penalty. The very same can be said for playing to the jury’s emotion, which would most likely be Mrs. Wright’s defense tactic if Susan Glaspell were to have continued Trifles to her trial. However, this would not have been needed due to the ideas Glaspell provides, which makes it appear apparent to the reader that it was Mrs. Wright who eliminated her hubby. Yet even with these clues, lots of feel as if Mrs. Wright acted in a warranted method because of the psychological abuse she got from Mr. Wright. According to Mrs. Hale’s description of Mrs. Wright before her marital relationship,” [Mrs. Wright] Utilized to use pretty clothes and be vibrant when she was Minnie Foster, one of the town women singing in the choir.” (Glaspell, 605). This prior characterization of Mrs. Wright reveals how she has changed as a result of the marriage. Mrs. Hale also goes on to describe the home as not a very pleasant location with Mr. Wright living in it.
In Darlene Oakley’s article entitled “Emotional Abuse: The Unnoticeable Marriage Killer” males are usually the abuser due to the requirement to be in control. Oakley blames this on the possibility of lack of a dad figure, or seeing this same abuse very first hand. These abusers “self-referenced” which implies the only point of view they have is their own and anything contrary is what fuels the abuse, which is why the lady feels the need to always be loyal. Oakley likewise offers the profile of the mentally mistreated woman who has low self- esteem even if she seems in control of her circumstance and loss of rely on the relationship. With no trust she is delegated mentally remove herself from the situation simply to endure which comes at the cost of her soul and spirit. (Oakley). Therefore, the reader can feel sympathy for Mrs. Wright given that her other half exists as the one who ruined her life, but this does not offer Mrs. Wright the excuse to murder Mr. Wright, it just provides her an intention. It is rare in history to find a female killer, however there have been enough in history for patterns to be formed.
In Sophie Davison’s book Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health she goes over the rare female serial killers and where their motives lie. According to Davison, Mrs. Wright would be classified as a “Black Widow”, one who eliminates her member of the family. Mrs. Wright can likewise fit the description of a “Revenge Killer” because it was Mr. Wright who metaphorically took away her life, therefore she literally took his out of revenge. (Davison). Now with a motive, Mrs. Wright began her planning to eliminate her spouse for the 30 years of psychological abuse she had to withstand. A sociopath is specified as an individual with a personality condition manifesting itself in severe antisocial mindsets and habits and an absence of conscience. What is found by Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters discovering what the guys of the play consider to be “trifle” information, is really Glaspell’s providing evidence of the progression of Mrs. Wright ending up being a sociopathic killer. Glaspell begins by offering us Mr. Hale’s description of his discussion with Mrs. Wright. “Well, she looked as if she didn’t know what she was going to do next. And kind of done up.” (Glaspell, 602). Mr. Hale goes on to describe Mrs. Wright’s actions as weird, as if she had no intent to care that her partner was simply killed. This can be excused as a weird response to distress, yet it also seems Mrs. Wright showing no remorse and as apathetic to the situation. Glaspell then continues by having the ladies discover odd sewing patterns in Mrs. Wright’s apron. As the females conclude, the approach Mrs. Wright utilized in the sewing is called “knotting”. This is not just ironic, however presents a clue and the second part of the killer development that Mrs. Wright was actually practicing the knot she would connect to use to eliminate her other half.
Another tip of paradox used remains in this scenario is that when a couple gets married it is called “tying the knot” which Mrs. Wright is likewise doing to end this marital relationship. The 3rd clue that Glaspell offers is a bit of a mystery to the females of the play, yet would make good sense in order to continue the progression of Mrs. Wright evolving into a killer. As the ladies continue to explore Mrs. Wright’s things they find an empty bird cage. Mrs. Hale goes on to gives more insight of Mrs. Wright’s life prior to her marital relationship, “She resembled a bird herself- genuine sweet and quite, but type of shy and fluttery” (Glaspell, 608). The two women eventually find the dead bird in Mrs. Wright’s sewing kit with a knot connected around its neck, similar to how Mr. Wright was strangled.
Now there are two theories as to who is responsible for the death of the bird, the first being that it was Mr. Wright. There is some reliability to this theory when Mrs. Hale’s description of Mrs. Wright as a bird is thought about. Clearly, Mr. Wright was not fond of a dynamic lifestyle which would be why he eliminated the bird the exact same way he removed Mrs. Wright’s free spirit. However, this would mean that eliminating the bird was a trigger to Mrs. Wright’s feeling, making her murder of her husband a violent response which does not fit her profile of the loyal mistreated better half. This theory would likewise offer no significance to the knots in the apron. Rather it is the theory that supplies Mrs. Wright as the bird killer that has more connection to the other hints. There is a lot more evidence to support the Mrs. Wright theory, which leads one to believe that this is how Susan Glaspell intended for Trifles to progress. The first piece of proof is that this is the third part of Mrs. Wright’s development to a sociopath. This action is the first time she really causes any kind of physical damage, in this case to an animal. According to The Humane Society of America, “65% of those apprehended for animal abuse have likewise been jailed for attack and battery of others and of 36 questioned founded guilty murderers, about half admitted to hurting animals.” This data reveals a direct correlation in between animal abuse and actual damage to others. With this details and by how the bird was strangled with the same knots utilized in the sewing of the apron there is certainly enough evidence to support the Mrs. Wright theory.
Yet another piece of proof to support this theory will show Mrs. Wright to be a sociopathic killer, and even have serial killer propensities. Authors Ross Bartles and Ceri Parsons write about the social buildings of a serial killer in their book Feminism and Psychology. Their work examines the nature of these serial crimes and find that many serial killers are motivated by an emotion similar to that of a sexual dream. Once the perfect image appears in their mind they can not stop killing till that fantasy comes true, and therefore they can relive this image. Unfortunately, it is nearly impossible to recreate a dream completely, which is why these killers need to keep killing. (Bartles, Parsons). Therefore, it is possible that Mrs. Wright’s fantasy was put in her head while she was sewing and eliminating the bird was simply practice performing that fantasy. Killing the bird serves as the connection from fantasy to truth of eliminating her hubby, which is why the Mrs. Wright theory makes the most sense and shows her to be sociopathic killer.
Murder has actually always been a part of human history and has been used as completion outcome of countless fights. Some individuals are of the opinion that killings can be warranted, which appears to be the popular perception of Mrs. Wright’s murder of her spouse in Susan Glaspell’s play Trifles. Nevertheless, the evidence provided by Glaspell proves that there murder in the case in between Mr. and Mrs. Wright can not be justified. Although Glaspell offers hints of a mentally abusive marital relationship, this does not give Mrs. Wright the right to turn to murder as a resolution to the circumstance. The method Mrs. Wright goes about eliminating her husband is actually determined and can be viewed as sociopathic. The sociopath profile fits Mrs. Wright through tips given by Glaspell. Discovering ideas throughout Susan Glaspell’s Trifles will reveal a calculated murder which provides Mrs. Wright the title of a sociopath.
“Animal Cruelty and Human Violence.” RSS. The Humane Society of the United States. 25 Apr. 2011. Web. 14 Apr. 2016.
Bartles, Ross and Ceri Parsons. “The Social Building of a Serial Killer.” Feminism and Psychology. November 1, 2012. 267- 280. Web.
Davison, Sophie. “Murder most uncommon: The female serial killer.” Wrongdoer Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH, 11( 1 ), 2. 2001. Web.
Glaspell, Susan. Trifles. Literature To Go. 2nd ed. Ed. Michael Meyer. Boston: Bedford/ St. Martin’s, 2014. 601-611. Print.
Oakley, Darlene “Emotional Abuse: The Invisible Marital Relationship Killer– Page 2.” EmpowHER. Web. 14 Apr. 2016.