The Mexican Transformation was a duration in Mexico’s history where the whole political, financial, and social fabric of Mexico was thrust into rapid transformation. Throughout this period, the concepts that established Mexico– the role of Amerindians in society, the power of the Church, isolation versus foreign imperialism, the function of heavy administrations and hierarchies– were called into question by the Mexican people. Ideologies such as nationalism, neoliberalism, socialism, and anarchism seeped into the collective awareness of the Mexican individuals, causing the push for political reform. Radicals and reformists like Pancho Vacation home, Emiliano Zapata, Venustiano Carranza, and Álvaro Obregón rose from the ashes of Porfirio Diaz’s and Victoriano Huerta’s guideline.
Mexico’s volatile history of colonization, foreign occupation, imperialist domination, and revolution still affect its present. However, the three most influential developments that resulted from the transformation itself were the addition of Post 3 in the Constitution of 1917, the connection of Mexico to the United States, and development of the National Revolutionary Party in 1929.
The addition of Article 3 in the Constitution of 1917 was one of the most prominent advancements that resulted from the Mexican transformation. The Constitution of 1917, particularly Post 3, mandated that education needs to be obligatory. Pre-school, main, and secondary education were included in the required education. In order to satisfy the Constitution of 1917 the Mexican government needed to devote the single largest part of its budget to building schools for rural towns and working with instructors.
The inclusion of this post allowed for José Vasconcelos, the head of the Department of Education from 1920-1924, to carry out Communist Russian policies and practices in the Mexican education system. Within this period, 1000 rural schools were opened. Prior to 1900, less than 15% of the Mexican population was literate. As an outcome of Short article 3, by 1940 50% of the population was literate.
The increase in literacy in Mexico, and in any nation for that matter, is an essential advancement since literacy is a good step of education for a nation. As the population becomes more literate, more people will pursue higher education and advanced careers, allowing Mexico to have a larger pool of professionals to pull from. The advancement of an informed population in Mexico suggested a bigger democratic base and a more robust financial system.
The second most influential development that resulted from the Mexican Revolution was the rekindling of a relationship in between Mexico and the United States. Given that the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and skirmishes along the Mexico-U.S. border to the occupation of Veracruz, the relationship in between Mexico and the United States has actually always been strained. Franklin Roosevelt executed his Great Next-door neighbor policy in which he promised not to intervene in the affairs of Latin American nations.
Out of this newfound relationship came NAFTA, the North American Open Market Arrangement. The North American Open Market Arrangement, though there are contentions over the imperialist nature of the arrangement, brought Mexico into the global trade market by linking it to the 2 largest powers in the Western Hemisphere, the United Sates and Canada. Numerous scholars have connected NAFTA with increasing the flow of illegal drugs from Mexico to the United States. However, NAFT encouraged totally free and open economic in between these two surrounding states.
Lastly, the formation of the National Revolutionary Celebration (PNR) in 1929 by Plutarco Elías Calles was among the most influential advancements that resulted from the Mexican Revolution. Prior to the development of PNR, political parties did not have much political influence. They worked more like clubs and interests groups than political celebrations. Take the Anti-Reelectionist Party formed by Francisco I. Madero as an example. This party was formed in rigorous opposition to Porfirio’s Díaz’s policies and his 3 decades of political control that, for some, constituted an authoritarian dictatorship. In contrast, PRN (now relabelled the Institutional Revolutionary Party) was able to protect Mexico’s financial position after the Great Depression and the collapse of the banks by modeling this party after the Communist Party in Russia and the National Fascist Party in Italy. The formation of PRN allowed Mexico to perform a greater level of democratic liberty guaranteed to the Mexican individuals in the Constitution of 1857 and 1917.
From the American viewpoint, Mexico’s history was more rich and intricate than one can envision and this was just a brief course. Classes like this should be followed up the following semester with an investigation of the nations modern-day history. It was believed provoking to trace the beginning of Mexico from its colonization to how Mexico is faring today with problems like domestic security, economic stability, and social justice problems like reproductive rights and rural education. When studying the events in Mexico’s history, the question occurs: what triggers one nation to prosper while others fail? Adam Smith relates this gap to causes such as the department of labor and the early development of free markets. Jared Diamond chalks it up to weapons, bacteria, and steel. After taking this class, it is obvious that there are too many variables that add to a nation’s success or failure.