The Odyssey Style: Hospitality
There are several styles in The Odyssey, but the most prominent style Homer portrays in his legendary poem is hospitality or Xenia. The act of Xenia was maybe the most important Greek customized out of all because you see it being carried out time and time again throughout Odysseus’ journey home. The Odyssey had to do with the twenty year long journey of King Odysseus go back to Ithaca from fighting in the Trojan War. The theme of hospitality is present not only while Odysseus is travelling from city to city, but also at his house in Ithaca, where his spouse and child, Penelope and Telemachus’, palace is being overrun with suitors.
On Odysseus’ attempting journey house, he was invited by several kings displaying Xenia, not just because it was Greek customized, but due to the fact that it was disrespectful to Zeus, the god of hospitality, if they didn’t. After leaving from Calypso’s island and facing a heavy storm Poseidon stirred, Odysseus finally arrived on Scheria. The king’s daughter Nausicaa saw Odysseus and explained, “And now, you’ve reached out city and our land, you’ll never ever do not have for clothes or any other present, the right of worn-out suppliants come our way (6. 10-213). This is a prime example of how loyal the Ancient Greeks following their strong customs. Nausicaa didn’t hesitate to help Odysseus and seemed happy as she was describing her city, which represents another theme which is Kleos. The concept of Xenia was extremely related to in The Odyssey, and disrespecting it was completely inappropriate. In the beginning, Telemachus and Penelope had to unwillingly host 108 suitors who made the most of their hospitality.
This was a criminal activity that was impermissible so Coach explains, “Reach deep down in your body and soul for a method to kill these suitors in your home by stealth or open battle” (1. 339). This is an example of how seriously the Ancient Greeks valued hospitality and regard for the gods. It likewise illustrates the Greeks severe behavior towards individuals abusing their cultural worths. Hospitality was so important in the Ancient Greek’s lives that they followed their tradition even if it may have displeased them.
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- Lessons From The Odyssey
In book fourteen, when Odysseus went back to Ithaca and went to the swineherd camouflaged. Eumaeus welcomes him in, feeds him, and gives him a place to sleep. The text checks out “Not his style to bed inside, apart from the pigs. He prepared to go outside and it warmed Odysseus’ heart”. (14. 592-595) This shows how willing the Greeks were to please their visitors, for instance, Eumaeus let Odysseus sleep by the fire with goat and sheep skin, while he slept outdoors in the cold with the swine. This also highlights how true they were to Xenia and Piety.
In conclusion, this proof is a terrific representation of the Greeks worths and lifestyle. The Odyssey highlights the importance of appreciating the gods, and of being congenial in the Ancient Greek culture. Individuals in this story went to severe measures to please their guests and safeguard their worths, like sleeping with swine or killing men who took advantage of individuals’s Xenia. The Odyssey taught young school children how to act, and it is apparent that hospitality was a key element to a Greeks everyday life.