The Odyssey; Immortality
The Odyssey of Homer is filled with various experiences, desired revenge, and hazardous temptations. The war hero, Odysseus, took a trip for three years, always trying to attain his homecoming. In Odysseus’ 4th year, Zeus damaged his ship, along with his buddies, while they were out at sea. After these losses, Odysseus alone was washed up onto the island of a nymph, Kalypso. She took him into her palace and came to enjoy him. After time, she preferred to make Odysseus her other half, providing to make him immortal as well. Yet, Odysseus decreases her deal of immortality.
After years of combating in fight, then years of suffering following the war, his noble rejection appears exceptional. Homer’s readers are forced to question, why does he not accept this deal? The immortality Kalypso provides nullifies Odysseus’ real identity. A never-ceasing life with Kalypso would hinder him from his functions as a king, partner, and warrior. Kalypso’s offer of immortality nullifies Odysseus’ identity as a king. While on Kalypso’s island, Ogygia, Odysseus is the only individual living there with Kalypso. Her island is isolated; she does not even have any servants or attendants with her.
Even if Odysseus were to accept the deal, there are not any individuals to be ruled on Ogygia. Everyday Odysseus sits “out on the beach, sobbing, as in the past now he had actually done, breaking his heart in tears, lamentation, and sadness, as weeping tears he kept an eye out over the barren water” (Book 5, lines 82-84). Odysseus’ habits here illustrates how out of place he is on the island. Being a king becomes part of Odysseus’ identity. He is a natural leader, strong and positive, and living on an island for eternity without any kingdom would render those qualities useless. Odysseus desires to go back to Ithaka, due to the fact that this would speed up the return of his identity. I frequent bright Ithaka … a rugged location, however an excellent nurse of men … absolutely nothing is more sweet in the end than country” (Book 9, lines 21-34). After being lost for nineteen years, while also being thought dead, returning to his nation would be a great accomplishment for him. If he returns, then he would be bestowed his homecoming, and also go back to kingship. These are essential occasions that should take place in order for Odysseus to validate his true identity, and neither of these occasions would be possible if he accepted Kalypso’s deal. In fact, those desires would be squashed if Odysseus were to accept it.
He would live forever on an island, isolated and unidentified, and his identity of being a king would be entirely lost. Odysseus might decline the offer without impeding his image and identity. Kalypso’s deal of immortality invalidates Odysseus’ identity as a spouse. Odysseus has a precious wife, Penelope, yet being held captive, he is unable to return to her. On the other hand, Odysseus resides on an island, alone with a lady besides his partner, and he is unable to keep a devoted marital relationship. Being a hubby is another part of Odysseus’ character. However, he knew when he left for the war that there was the possibility he would not return.
The day he departed for Troy he stated to her, “I do not know if the god will spare me … However when you see our boy grown up and bearded, then you may wed whatever guy you please, abandoning your household” (Book 18, lines 265-270). The offer of immortality also prevents Odysseus’ other familial identities, a father and a kid. In addition to a reputable other half, Odysseus has a kid, Telemachos. Not just is Odysseus missing for his child’s whole childhood, but even now he has no way of seeing him. If he accepted the deal, Odysseus would never see his boy again. Odysseus’ moms and dads also affect his decision to reject the offer.
He later discovers that his mom, Antikleia, has died, due to grieving him, however, his father still lives. Laertes lives away from the city, sorrowful for his missing boy. When Odysseus encounters Antikelia’s ghost in the underworld, he states to his mother, “Inform me about the other half I married, what she wants, what she is thinking” (Book 11, lines 176-177). In this passage it is clear that Odysseus still loves and takes care of his precious Penelope. Accepting Kalypso’s offer would abandon Penelope, while also deserting Telemachos, and Laertes. His family needs Odysseus, and he likewise requires them.
Without family, Odysseus’ life is incomplete and his identity is lost. Without his daddy, Odysseus would not have the nerve he has. Without Telemachos and Penelope, he would not understand familial love. He declines the offer of immortality so that one day he might return to and be joined with his family again. His yearning for the reunion with them, which would permit him to restore his identity, is what inspires him to reject Kalypso’s deal. Finally, Kalypso’s deal of immortality removes Odysseus’ identity as a warrior. Odysseus incorporates the traits of a warrior, however on the island he s incapable of showing them. There are no threats, no wars, and no people on the island. He is not able to work out the virtues of nerve and chivalry, since there is never an instance when he requires those virtues. Rather, “His eyes were never cleaned dry of tears, and the sweet lifetime was draining out of him, as he wept for a method home” (Book 5, line 151). Being a warrior distinguishes him from other men, but when that attribute is eliminated, Odysseus loses part of his identity. Another reason he refuses Kalypso’s offer is since her immortality is not the type on immortality he wants to obtain.
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- Examples Of Odysseus Being Conceited
Being a warrior, Odysseus has combated battles in the hope of accomplishing never-ceasing glory. In the Greek world, males went to war to risk their lives in the hopes that they could attain a glory that would live permanently. Odysseus is among these males, and he longs to be kept in mind by later generations. He wants his splendor and fame to live on after his death. That is the type of immortality he wishes to obtain. An immortal life would not meet his desires of never-ceasing magnificence. He is trapped on an island and nobody even understands where he is. There is absolutely no glory in that.
Attaining splendor is one of the objectives of a warrior, and if Odysseus quit that goal, he would be losing his identity. Odysseus has yet to get the glory of getting back from the war; “What I want and all my days I crave is to go back to my house and see my day of homecoming” (Book 5, line 219). A never-ceasing life would indicate extremely little to him, because he would be investing eternity on Ogygia, never once again would he see Ithaka. He would have no glory at all in accepting this deal, because without a homecoming, there is no possibility of being glorified as a warrior.
Losing his identity on the island leads Odysseus to decline Kalypso’s offer. The whole time he was captive on Kalypso’s island, his identity was slipping away. There were no people to be ruled, hence Odysseus lost his sense of kingship. There was no caring household for him, hence he lost his function has a hubby, daddy, and son. Finally, there was no danger on Ogygia, thus Odysseus might not practice his virtue as a warrior. Those three responsibilities- king, spouse, and warrior- when assembled, make Odysseus who he is. How can a man be himself, when his 3 greatest attributes are stripped from him?