Lisa Marie Shade Prof. Dunn ENG 102-110 August 9, 2012 The Plot Thickens- In Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery game”. An excellent harvest has always been crucial to civilizations.
After the fields have actually been prepared and the seeds planted, the farmer can only wait and hope that the appropriate balance of rain and sun will guarantee a good harvest. From this hope springs ritual. Many ancient cultures believed that growing crops represented the life process, beginning with what one connect with completion– death. Seeds buried, apparently without hope of germination, represent death.
However with the vital force of water and the sun, the seed grows, representing renewal. Subsequently, ancient individuals began sacrificial rituals to imitate this resurrection cycle. What started as a vegetation routine developed into a cathartic cleaning of a whole people or town. By transferring one’s sins to individuals or animals and after that compromising them, individuals believed that their sins would be eliminated, a procedure that has been described the “scapegoat” archetype. In her short story “The Lottery,” Shirley Jackson utilizes this archetype to build on male’s inherent need for such ritual.
To visit upon the scapegoat the cruelties, that most of us appear to have actually dammed up within us and explores “the general mental basis for such cruelty, demonstrating how we tend to ignore misfortunes unless we ourselves are their victims. The Lottery’s [sic.] then, deals certainly with live issues and with issues appropriate to our time. Jackson’s realism makes the last terror and shock more efficient and likewise enhances our sense of the terrible doubleness of the human spirit– a doubleness that reveals itself in the combined good neighborliness and ruthlessness of the community’s action. Evans, 112) Jackson weaves seasonal and life-death cycle archetypes, which accompany greenery routines, into the story. The lottery game occurs every year when the nature cycle peaks in summer, a time generally related to happiness. The villagers of a small town congregate in the square on June 27, a beautiful day, for the town lotto. In other towns, the lottery game takes longer, but there are just 300 individuals in this town, so the lotto takes only two hours. Village kids, who have simply ended up school for the summer season, run around gathering stones.
They put the stones in their pockets and make a stack in the square. Male gather next, followed by the women. Moms and dads call their children over, and households stand together. Mr. Summers, a jovial male, who performs the lottery game ceremony, sets the tone of the occasion with both his name and his quirks. However lurking behind him, Mr. Graves quietly helps, his name hinting at a dark undertone. The picnic type environment betrays the major effect of the lottery game, for like the seed, a sacrificial person needs to likewise be buried to bring forth life. Jackson creates balance by putting together Mr.
Summers and Mr. Graves to share in the responsibilities of the ritual: Life brings death, and death recycles life. At one point in the town’s history, the lotto represented a severe experience, and all who got involved comprehended the extensive meaning of the tradition. But as time passed, the villagers started to take the ritual gently. They withstand it practically as robots–“actors” distressed to go back to their ordinary, workaday lives. Old Male Warner, the only one who appears to recall the seriousness of the occasion, complains that Mr. Summers jokes with everybody.
However, even if one does not comprehend the significance, the experience offers the individual a location and a meaning in the life of the generations. Because there has “constantly been a lottery game” (Jackson 216), the villagers feel forced to continue this horrifying tradition. They do focus, nevertheless, on its gruesome instead of its symbolic nature for they still kept in mind to use stones even after they have forgotten the routine and lost the initial black box (Jackson 218). The reader may conclude that humanity’s disposition toward violence eclipses society’s requirement for civilized traditions. Mr.
Summers asks whether anyone is missing, and the crowd reacts that Dunbar isn’t there. Mr. Summers asks who will draw for Dunbar, and Mrs. Dunbar states she will since she doesn’t have a kid who’s old enough to do it for her. Mr. Summers asks whether the Watson young boy will draw, and he responds to that he will. Mr. Summers then asks to ensure that Old Male Warner exists too. Mr. Summers advises everyone about the lottery game’s guidelines: he’ll read names, and the household heads come up and draw a slip of paper. Nobody should look at the paper until everyone has actually drawn. He calls all the names, greeting each person as they come up to draw a paper.
Mr. Adams tells Old Guy Warner that people in the north village may stop the lotto; he says that giving up the lottery game could result in a return to residing in caverns. Mrs. Adams says the lottery has currently been given up in other villages, and Old Male Warner says that’s “absolutely nothing but trouble.” (Jackson, 216). The shock worth of the long process and all the moments’ one character or another could have understood the nonsense of the ritual and spoke out. When Mr. Summers ends up calling names, and everyone opens his/her documents. Word quickly navigates that Costs Hutchinson has “got it. Tessie argues that it wasn’t fair due to the fact that Expense didn’t have enough time to select a paper.
Mr. Summers asks whether there are any other homes in the Hutchinson family, and Bill states no, since his married daughter draws with her husband’s household. Mr. Summers asks the number of kids Expense has, and he addresses that he has three. Tess’s passion to see the lotto through is just paralleled by her desperation to get out of it once it ends up being her turn. She presumes regarding attempt to substitute her child and son-in-law for herself, shouting, “There’s Don and Eva … Make them take their possibility! Her severe moral compromise, as she attempts to offer up her child for the slaughter rather of herself, underlines that this routine has absolutely nothing to do with virtuous martyrdom; Tess is no saint. Her murder is exactly that: a vicious, group killing of a frightened, antiheroic woman. Tessie demonstrations once again that the lotto wasn’t reasonable. Mr. Graves discards the papers out of the box onto the ground and then puts 5 papers in for the Hutchinsons. As Mr. Summers calls their names, each family member comes up and draws a paper. When they open their slips, they find that Tessie has drawn the paper with the black dot on it.
Mr. Summers instructs everyone to hurry. The villagers grab stones and run towards Tessie, who stands in a cleaning in the middle of the crowd. Tessie says it’s not fair and is hit in the head with a stone. Everyone begins throwing stones at her, as even her own children. “Tessie may be selfish in her response, but her claim that the lotto is not fair might still be true. Whereas the common villagers are referred to as “taking” their slips, the business people “select” theirs– a subtle implication that the outcomes have been rigged” (Evans, 112-113) Therefore, the base actions exhibited in groups (such as the stoning of Mrs.
Hutchinson) do not occur on the specific level, for here such action would be considered “murder.” On the group level people categorize their heinous act merely as “routine.” When Mrs. Hutchinson comes to the event late, flustered since she had actually forgotten that today was the day of the lottery game. She talks sociably with Mrs. Delacroix. However, after Mrs. Hutchinson succumbs to the lotto choice, Mrs. Delacroix chooses a “stone so large” that she should pick it up with both hands (Jackson 218).
Whereas, on the specific level, the 2 ladies relate to each other as friends, on the group level, they betray that relationship, satisfying the mob mentality. The people of the town are captured up in the ritual to such a degree that they have actually quit any sense of reasoning. Mob psychology guidelines their actions. Though they appear to be sane, sensible individuals, when the time of the lottery game comes, they desert their rational nature and revert to the instincts of the herd. This mental phenomenon is characteristic of people throughout history.
Although Jackson represents it in its severe type in this story, the concept that males and females in groups want to forgo individual duty and show great ruthlessness towards others is evidenced in actions such as lynch mobs, racial confrontations, and similar occurrences. “The willingness of people to act irrationally as members of the herd displays aspects that, while unpleasant, are still essential parts of their nature that they must recognize, if they are to keep them in check.” (Mazzeno) A first-time reader of “The Lotto” often discovers the ending a surprise.
The joyful nature of the event and the camaraderie of the townspeople as the lotto is performed belie the scary that happens at the conclusion of the tale, is one of the tale’s greatest points. Another strength, nevertheless, is “the proficient method which Jackson prepares the cautious reader for the denouement by including crucial information so that, on a 2nd reading, one is ensured that there is no trick being used the reader.” (Mazzeno) In contrast to the greatly symbolic figures of Mr. Graves (Death), Mr. Summers (Development), or Old Man Warner (Custom), Tess is resolutely anti-symbolic.
She’s a woman in an apron with soapsuds on her hands, who cracks jokes and wants to participate in her community– however, it ends up, they do not want her back. She’s the sacrificial lamb for that year, an outsider that the village then strongly omits. Although civilized individuals may no longer hold lottery games, Jackson’s story illustrates that society’s tendency towards violence and its tendency to keep tradition, yet even meaningless, base custom, reveal our requirement for both ritual and belonging.
Work Mentioned Evans, Robert C. “The Lottery.” Short Fiction: A Vital Companion (1997 ): 112-119. Literary Reference Center. Web. 6 Aug. 2012. Hall, Joan Wylie. “Shirley Jackson (1916-1965).” Columbia Buddy To The Twentieth- Century American Short Story (2000 ): 310-314. Literary Reference Center. Web. 6 Aug. 2012. Jackson, Shirley. “The Lottery game”. Drama, and Composing Compact 6th ed. New York: Pearson Longman, 2011. 213-218. Print Mazzeno, Laurence W. “The Lotto.” Masterplots II: Short Story Series, Revised Edition (2004 ): 1-2. Literary Reference Center. Web. 6 Aug. 2012. Yarmove, Jay A. “Jackson’s The Lotto.” Explicator 52. 4 (1994 ): 242. Literary Referral Center. Web. 6 Aug. 2012.