The Lord of the Flies by William Golding and the Animal Farm by George Orwell: The Parallel and Similar Components of the Characters Power Battle
Literature is one way of mankind’s effort to mirror or chronicle the tough truths of life. Social, moral and political issues has somehow always managed to get inside the printed pages of a certain literary work that the general public reads– no matter how questionable and restricted those issues might be. This is true to both the novels that will be talked about in this essay– the Lord of the Flies by William Golding and the Animal Farm by George Orwell. The Lord of the Flies was questionable since the theme that the author existed was very unusual and horrifying. The characters, the setting and the scenes that the unique presented was all extremely basic and simple and yet the underlying significance of the unique concentrates on the moral degradation that takes place when people turns to animals since they lose the capability or the conviction to be humane.
The Lord of the Flies narrates of a group of young British school kids who gets stranded on an island after their plane crashes. The young boys decide that they need to fetch for themselves and live a world without adults who will inform them what to do. They elect leaders, construct a council and committees and attempt to endure the severe realities of the jungle. Nevertheless, the boys’ fondness for rules and order disappear as they understand that there will be no penalties or reprimands that awaits them if they will be unruly and disorderly.
2 groups clashes intensely– Ralph’s group who frantically hangs on to the system and order that they have actually built from the start, and Jack’s group who ruins the order and starts the turmoil and dispute of the book. It concludes in the understanding that Jack’s group starts searching down Ralph so they can eliminate him. The island increases in flames and Ralph together with a few boys, survives. Jack, other members of his group too some members of Ralphs’s group gets eliminated by either murder or mishap. According to Ralph though, the real horrifying element that has actually happened to them is not the real experience of savagery; it is the “end of innocence, the darkness of man’s heart …” (Golding 202).
The next book which has actually received debates in terms of the political styles it is presenting is the Animal Farm by George Orwell. It is popular that George Orwell composed the unique as a political allegory to Stalin’s federal government in Russia at that time. That is most likely the reason he also had a hard time trying to find a publisher for the book that he wrote (Alkiviadou and Nordal, 2003). The brief novel centres on a farm wherein the animals have actually lastly chosen a revolution versus the people who are maltreating them. The animals decide that the farm will be governed by them given that it is theirs. It is headed by the pigs and specifically, 2 of the popular figures in their group– Napoleon and Snowball.
The novel starts off as the most respected of all the animals, Old Major calls the farm animals for a conference. He gives a passionate speech about a world without human beings and a world in which the animals will not require to work simply to attend to the human beings. He contacts them for revolution or the “Disobedience” (Orwell 30) as they call it against the extreme Mr. Jones. They win the Disobedience however the Old Major has actually died by that tine already. The other pigs, who are “considered the cleverest of all the animals” (Orwell 35)– Napoleon, Snowball and Squealer choose to build and rename the Manor Farm to Animal Farm as it will be lead by the animals. They govern the farm and make the rules so that system and order will rule.
They also promote “Animalism” (Orwell 36) which is the over all consummation of the Old Major’s vision of the liberty and liberty of the animals from human beings. The farm extremely is successful and even outside human forces is frightened that the practice in Animal Farm will spread out and affect the other animals triggering them to stage their own Disobedience. In the future, nevertheless, Napoleon and Snowball clash in their agendas and objectives as Napoleon slips into ending up being human himself and Snowball is lost in the impression of the optimistic goals of Animalism.
Napoleon with his group of advocates (which are the young puppies that he taught supposedly in the spirit of what Animalism is promoting) lie, cheats, and maltreats; while Snowball is concentrated on trying to spread the approach of Animalism to the other farms in England. Snowball is banished nevertheless as the power of Napoleon is fantastic (with the assistance of his bodyguards, the dogs and the significant and manipulative Squealer) and Animalism’s 7 Rules is minimized to a single rule: “All animals are equal. But some animals are more equivalent than the other” (Orwell 133). The unique concludes in the minute when the other farm animals sees the pigs and humans talking inside your house that they can not currently determine who is an animal and who is a human. As what the novel reveals:
Twelve voices were shouting in anger, and they were all alike. No question, now, what had actually occurred to the faces of the pigs. The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from male to pig, and from pig to man once again; however currently it was difficult to say which was which. (Orwell 139)
Both novels are very much alike in the sense that there are 2 groups grappling for power. It is a classic and typical tale of the excellent versus the evil, and yet if a person will look at both sides, it can not really be stated that there is an existence of the great and the evil. Perhaps, the two sides are fighting is since there exists a side which is wrong from what the novel developed as best and the side which is best since it still remained on what the unique regards as the correct side. As what Literature is attempting to mirror in the aspect of reality, there will constantly exist 2 sides of everything– binary forces that looks for balance in everything– there exists the heaven and the hell, right from left, black from white and love from hate. (Guerin, Labor, Morgan, Reesman, and Willingham 377)
Although both novels have extremely different settings, characters and themes, the opposing forces and their existence link them together. The characters of both Snowball of the Animal Farm and Ralph of the Lord of the Flies are extremely comparable in a sense that they both fought for what they believed is best and they have very strong sense of morals. Ralph was battling with everyone (except in the case of Piggy) simply to let the system and order that was supposed to be established in the island to stay. Additionally, Ralph pioneered and lead ways into making their lives simpler in the island– like the delegation of committees with specific functions and the connection of the burning of the fire for the young boys’ rescue. Ralph wanted to be humane being they were humans, hence they ought to practice and fulfil their role as what people are expected to be and not to develop into savage beasts or animals.
As what the role of Ralph played, Snowball is also the same as he is in a sense that he is grappling with his moralities of being an animal and not letting go of that belief. Both characters have dignity and honour that is undeniable. Snowball also advocated methods attempting to make their farm for the better. He extensively put over the planning and building of the electrical mill so that the animals of the farm can have a much better life that is lowered to comfort and leisure. In addition, Snowball was strong in his belief that he defended even if everybody protested his strategies. Like Ralph, he needs to be banished however with Ralph’s case, he was hounded to be killed.
As there is a particular parallelism with both Ralph and Snowball, there are also certain resemblances in their characters in regards to their unfavorable characteristics. Both of the protagonists, were so optimistic that there are minutes in both novels that they lost logic and the capability to thoroughly think about the possibilities of all the scenarios and to plan out the next action to be taken. Even if they have both such powerful challengers, they should have at least the guts and foresight to make it a point that what they are fighting for is acknowledged and carried out. Another weak point that both characters have is the fact that they do not have such a strong following of the people they are leading that the followers are easily swayed by the other members who showed a flair for other kinds of leadership.
At the beginning, everybody looked up to Ralph and simply considered Jack as a second-in-command. At the end of the novel, the only young boy who was left by Ralph’s side was Piggy and the other boys needed to kill him by pushing him off the cliff. As what occurred with Snowball, he had no one to support his plans and yet Napoleon had the entire Animal Farm at his bidding. Both characters are so alike that their distinction depends on the truth that Ralph wished to return to the world of human beings and be civilized again as this would require that the system and the order of humankind would once again reign and the young boys would become humane once again and less beast-like, while Snowball desired the animals to still be animals and stay in the spirit of Animalism.
The next parallel characters in the two novels are Jack and Napoleon. Jack plays the villain in the Lord of the Flies as he tries and succeeds in a coup d’état against Ralph and his management and wins the loyalty of the other young boys. He wins over Ralph so much that by the near end of the novel, Jack’s fans were prepared to hunt and eliminate down Ralph. As Jack can be compared to Napoleon, he topples over the management of the protagonist and engages in a struggle for power and supremacy. Like Napoleon, he handles to win the hearts of the previous leader’s followers by utilizing antics and strategies that lowers the protagonist as a weakling (which Ralph and Snowball are) however more importantly, Jack utilizes the ability of benefiting from the reality that there are specific elements of a man that makes him savage and this aspect reveals at the most dire of consequences.
There are countless of times that Jack’s leadership and the savagery that brought the kids to eliminate their pals and eat them can also be a question of whether man can evil (Olsen xi). Jack’s attitude is arguable on whether it was truly an act of wicked or merely an act of what the situation was calling for. As what Napoleon is doing, the 2 villains of the novels are simply having an attitude of survival of the fittest. This might apply more to Jack as he belonged to the Searching Committee and he knows very first hand that there is no significant food in the island which can only lead to their death. Jack is simply acting upon his baser impulses that call for survival.
Unfortunately, in his situation, survival means needing to eliminate and even eat the body of the other kids. Napoleon holds to this concept as well as he does not really want to deliberately maltreat or put the stock under severe challenge. It is simply a matter of attempting to make it through at a time of chaos and effort. Although unlike Jack, Napoleons’ survival as an animal is simply to not work and work like other stock and instead be comfy and reside in a life of leisure. Jack’s action of evilness or being wrong is much more than Napoleon’s in a sense that it is life which is already at stake and it refers who is smarter and more daring which makes it through.
In addition, Napoleon and Jack is different when it comes to how they are acting and on what do they wish to achieve. Jack wishes to bypass being humane and to be animalistic, while Napoleon wishes to forego being an animal and be a human. This could be confusing though in a sense that the other character is undoubtedly an animal while the other is truly a human– therefore, parallelism is very tough if one is to look at what they would want to achieve. However, if we are to look at why is it they wish to achieve, then some resemblances can be drawn. Jack (even if he is a human), and Napoleon (even if he is a pig), is a lot more blatantly comparable in the last point– they do not want who and what they are and desires to change.
Jack is a human who may, possibly, not be happy with who and what he has and have and needs to change into something that will respond to that desire. This holds true to Napoleon as he desires the change and extremely tries to be human. Moreover, prior to the entire conflict developed in the unique, both antagonists testified not be a savage for Jack and a guy for Napoleon and to establish system and order which ironically, both disobeys and ruins in the end.
In conclusion, while the novels do certainly have distinctions like the characters’ identity– their similarities is evident in the personalities and attitudes that they have actually shown. There may be a lot more points to be thought about in pointing out their distinctions and similarities, but more than the understanding that the Lord of the Flies and the Animal Farm have obvious parallelisms, both books are still undeniably wonderful pieces of Literature.
Works Pointed out
Alkiviadou, Natalie and Martin Nordal (2003) Animal Farm: The Book. Obtained 11 April 2009 from < Golding, William. Lord of the Flies.
New York City, Penguin Group Inc., 1954 Guerin, Wilfred L., Earle Labor, LeeMorgan, Jeanne C. Reesman and John R.
Willingham. A Handbook of Important Techniques to Literature. 5 th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. Olsen, Kirstin. Understanding Lord of the Flies: A Trainee Casebookto Issues, Sources,and Historic Documents. London: The Greewood Press, 2000 Orwell, George. Animal Farm. Iowa: 1st World Publishing, 2004