The Dramatic Irony in Oedipus the King

The Remarkable Irony in Oedipus the King Before taking a more detailed look on the identity of the protagonist and killer, and wanting that Oedipus the King is a really large and hard to analyze play, including opportunities for conversation on quite a few topics, I have chosen to briefly concentrate on the dramatic paradox used by Sophocles to divulge the characters’ identity throughout the play.

In general, irony is a really typical technique used in every drama work and it is usually utilized by the author sometimes when something remarkable is about to occur the presence of which is skillfully recommended through paradoxical habits of the primary characters and frequently consists of symbols, contrasts and contrasts pointing to the main point of the author. In this sense, Sophocles is actually famous for his popular strategies of utilizing irony and skillfully integrating it with detailed relations and symbols such as light, dark, morning and night in order to convey his concept.

In addition, a dramatic irony could be present when the audience knows crucial information that the characters are uninformed of. In this play, the readers already understand the genuine relations in between Oedipus, Jocasta and Laius. A general symbol of the paradox utilized in the play is the exultation of both Oedipus and Jocasta over the failures of the oracles predictions, however in both cases these prophecies become a reality– Oedipus leaves Corinth just to learn after that he has actually found his genuine parents and Jocasta kills her son in order to discover him later wed to her and more alive than ever.

To put it simply, each time a character attempts to disregard and press away the forecasts of the oracles, the audience currently understands what? that their efforts are futile and in vain. This produces a clear sense of the paradox utilized by Sophocles. An interest thing to note is the very manner in which Jocasta expresses her shock in oracles, which is rather paradoxical by itself. She explains the oracles as helpless in an attempt to comfort Oedipus, but immediately after that she hopes to the extremely same gods whose powers she has just buffooned. Nevertheless, if Oedipus does not rely on the power of oracles, he certainly values the power of fact and equality.

He securely believes in his own capability to look for the truth as a riddle-solver. This is direct contrast between Oedipus’s trust in prediction and trust in intelligence. Having in mind that those 2 are complete distinct terms like science and faith, it is quite paradoxical that they both result in the exact same conclusions and outcome. The fact exposed by Oedipus actually satisfies the oracles’ prophecy. Ironically it is Oedipus’s rejection of the oracles that reveals their power. The very best example of remarkable paradox nevertheless, is the frequent usage of referrals to eyes, sight, light, and perception throughout the play.

The dialogue between Oedipus and Tiresias exposes it: “have you eyes,/ And do not see your own damnation? Eyes,/ And can not see what business you keep?” Those words by Tiresias prove the blind male’s prophetic powers, for he currently knows that Oedipus will blind himself. Moreover, he continues: “those now clear-seeing eyes/ Shall then be darkened”. Where do you think the paradox here is? Sophocles actually suggests two different things. Firstly, Oedipus is blessed with the gift of perception for he was the only one able to answer the Sphinx’s riddle. Yet he can not see what is best prior to his own eyes.

He is blind to the fact, and the truth is all he seeks. Second of all, Tiresias’s presence as a blind guy enhances the irony in Oedipus’s mocking his loss of sight. He is a male who does not need eye sight to see the fact and Oedipus is simply the opposite– he who can see with his eyes is blind to the truth standing prior to him. Surprisingly enough, however, is that Oedipus switches his function with Tiresias, therefore ending up being a guy who sees the truth and loses his sense of sight. This lays out the drama in the play. In addition, the sight style is additional carried on to another level when the Chorus is disgusted and declines to even see Oedipus.

He has contaminated his own sight and body however at the very same time he has actually done the very same with others’ sights by his very presence. That is why when he enters blinded the Chorus yells: “I attempt no to see, I am hiding/ My eyes, I can not bear/ What need to I long to see … Offensive to mortal ear,/ Too terrible for eyes to see”. Ironically, Oedipus has ended up being the exact same illness that he wishes to remove from Thebes and has actually turned himself into a sight that is more dreadful than the wasted farmlands and the childless Theban females. It is significant that when he becomes such a beast, he is currently blinded.

To finish with, I have thought about the influence that this paradox has on the reader and the way it touches the reader’s own perception of Oedipus and his actions. How do you associate the significant irony to the character of Oedipus? Does it change your initial feeling toward him or it further boosts it? It is essential what you normally think about Oedipus: Oedipus as incapable of doing anything to change his destiny and as a mere puppet of fate or Oedipus as a problematic character who is guilty of his own actions and as an instigator of all tragic occasions. I personally think that in this story you can not escape fate no matter what you do.

In an effort to do so, both Jocasta and Oedipus change the entire structure of their households and threatening to destroy them. They have set the course of the story into action. His tragic end is not his fault for he is powerless against fate. Works pointed out Cameron Alister, “The Identity of Oedipus the King: Five Essays on the Oedipus Tyrannus,” New York University Press, 1968 Excellent Books of the Western World, “Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes”, Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc, 1952 http://www. ripon. edu/academics/Theatre/ THE231/PlachinskiR/oedipus/ dramaticirony. html

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