The Downfall of Othello

The Failure of Othello

The Downfall of Othello Othello, written by William Shakespeare, is the perfect example of a romantic tragedy in which occasions involving the styles of jealousy, greed, vengeance, and appearance versus reality bring the play to its awful end. The play starts with an argument in between Iago and Roderigo. This conflict gives the reader a glance of what is to come. Shakespeare utilizes the strategy of foreshadowing to assist the reader anticipate the bad luck that will befall the characters in the play.

The regrettable occasions leading up to the downfall of the characters come to life through underlying discord between the characters. These disputes are, for the a lot of part, started by a sole character, Iago. Although the reader is aware that he is an abhorrent and atrocious individual, to the other characters, he is a well-respected and trusted gentleman. This exterior enables Iago to control the other characters’ actions and sensations for his own individual gains. This control leads the characters to think just what Iago and their eyes inform them.

The characters’ misunderstandings of what is truly occurring lead them to jump to significant conclusions, triggering their demises. Through his ability to deceive the characters into thinking what he desires them to think and his ability for recognizing personal defects, Iago has the ability to trigger Othello to end up being a monster without an ounce of rationality, which ultimately, causes his failure. Iago seems to be the basis for all disputes that take place throughout the play. However, he simply acts as a catalyst, directing the result of the play, but he never seems to be directly associated with triggering the disputes.

From the start of the play, Iago feels hatred for Othello because he was passed over for a promotion as Othello’s lieutenant. Rather, Othello selected Cassio, who Iago feels is less received the position. Having this hatred towards Othello, Iago does whatever in his power to seek vengeance versus Othello. In order to accomplish this objective, Iago carries out several strategies, among which is to make Othello think that his wife Desdemona has actually cheated on him with Cassio. Iago attempts to create doubts in Othello’s mind about Desdemona’s fidelity.

His very first act of mischief takes place in Act II when he attempts to persuade Cassio that Desdemona is a temptress, however, to his discouragement, Cassio maintains that she disappears than a good friend to him. When Iago’s attempt fails him, he then plots to lead Cassio into devoting an action which would disgrace him in Othello’s eyes. This works. Othello strips Cassio of his rank and, from that point on, has nothing to do with him. Iago, having actually tricked both Cassio and Othello, encourages Cassio that if he wants to get back into great standing with Othello, he should ask Desdemona for assistance.

Now that Cassio will be hanging out with Desdemona going over how to regain his position as lieutenant, it will be easier for Iago to persuade Othello of their expected affair. Iago plants ideas of infidelity and insincerity in Othello’s mind by reminding him that Cassio was their mediator throughout their courtship. Due to the amount of time that Cassio and Desdemona are investing together, Othello falls directly into Iago’s trap. Throughout a scene in which Othello and Desdemona are having a conversation, Othello states, “I have a pain upon my forehead here” (3. 300). Desdemona provides to bind his head with her scarf, but Othello refuses her deal, causing her to drop the scarf on the ground. Forgetting she has dropped it, the two leave, but Iago’s partner Emilia obtains the handkerchief. Unaware of Iago’s intents, Emilia offers the scarf to him. He then happily plots to plant it in Cassio’s room, and in a future discussion with Othello, informs him that he saw Cassio utilizing it to clean his face.

In reality, Cassio did find the scarf in his space, but because he is not aware that it belongs to Desdemona, he offers it to Bianca, a woman good friend of his, for her to make a reproduction of it. The handkerchief surfaces when again when Bianca signs up with a conversation in between Cassio and Iago which Othello observes. Othello immediately recognizes the scarf and contemplates killing Cassio. After talking with Iago about what he has actually observed, Othello suggests that he will poison Desdemona. Iago, nevertheless, encourages him to strangle her instead in the bed that she contaminated through her supposed cheating.

Iago then promises Othello that he will set up Cassio’s death too. Iago, feeling that his plans are working, sends Roderigo to kill Cassio; however, he has objectives of getting Roderigo eliminated as well. Roderigo experiences Cassio and stabs him, but Cassio stabs him back. During all of the commotion, Iago runs in and stabs Cassio in the leg. The weeps of violence timely Othello to go into Desdemona’s space to eliminate her. Baffled, Desdemona concerns Othello about why he wants her dead. Still clinging to Iago’s “fact” and Desdemona’s “regret,” he stabs her and she soon dies.

After her death, the reality of all of Iago’s deceitfulness emerges, and Othello stabs Iago, but not fatally. While it appears that Iago was the one whose actions created all the chaos, much of the disaster in the play may have been prevented if it had actually not been for defects within the characters themselves. Iago’s other function in the characters’ fates was serving as a puppet-master, triggering the characters to add to their own demise. Iago utilizes his understanding of Cassio’s predisposition to alcohol to facilitate his failure.

This puts in movement the down spiral of occasions. While on the outdoors, Othello seems an honest, devoted, and honorable male who is an accomplished military leader, he possesses insecurities which Iago takes upon. Othello is self-conscious of being different from the other characters due to the fact that of his race and social standing. While it may appear that his marital relationship to Desdemona confirms his approval into Venetian society, he understands deep down that he is still an outsider who does not have the reproducing to completely understand the customizeds and customs of this society.

Othello is likewise extremely conscious his look as a “thick-lipped” black male and exposes his opinion that being a black male belittles him. Iago perceives these insecurities and uses them to his advantage. If Othello did not have such a bad self-image which caused him uncertainty about Desdemona’s love for him, he probably would not have actually been persuaded by Iago’s assertions of Desdemona’s unfaithfulness. Othello, not having a complete understanding of true love, triggers him to be prone to jealousy. This jealousy causes Othello to be really compulsive, even to the point that his own judgment can not remedy.

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Even though jealousy is not one of Othello’s main attributes, when combined with emotion, it pushes him over the edge. In earlier scenes of the play, Othello is not seen as being envious; however, when confronted with increasing stress caused by Iago, it makes him insane. Othello was not understood for being psychological either, which is why when his feelings occur, Iago exploits them. These circumstances are not the only way Othello helps lead himself to his failure. Othello likewise becomes infuriated, which causes turmoil in his heart and mind. This anger that builds up inside him from the events that take place replace his wisdom and his judgment.

Hence, Othello does and states things that are not particular of his personality. Othello becomes a growing number of unrestrained in his actions and attempts to seek vengeance upon the people who have he thinks mistreated him. The play ends with Othello realizing that Iago had been unethical all along by offering him incorrect details. Iago outlined versus the characters by turning a lot of them against themselves through his ability to trick them into believing what he wants them to believe and his aptitude for recognizing their individual defects.

His primary objective was to look for revenge against Othello, which culminated in Othello being driven to the point of killing his own other half. The murder of Desdemona was simply a personal gain of Iago’s which helped him in reaching his main goal of seeing Othello to his death. He reached this goal of bringing Othello down; however, he did not intend for his plot to be found. Iago’s strategy was too complex for anybody to initially understand, however the reader understands Iago’s harsh and malicious habits the whole time. To everyone’s dismay, the other characters do not detect it up until it is far too late.

By manipulating the characters’ actions and targeting their weaknesses, specifically Othello’s, Iago had the ability to achieve his primary objective of causing Othello to lose all powers of rationality. Even though Iago achieved success in reaching his objective, he would not have been victorious with out the assistance of Othello’s own personal insecurities. These insecurities likewise played a main role in Othello’s failure, and, without them, the play may have not had the exact same tragic end. Works Cited X. J. Kennedy, and Dana Gioia, ed. Literature: An Intro to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama. Bevington, David 9th ed.: 2005.

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