Resemblances in between Frankenstein and Beast
Frankenstein is related to among the very best Gothic novels because it beautifully and creatively mixes the natural approach, clinical spirit of 19th century, Mary Shelley’s own literary influences and her private vision and literary craft. A close analysis of her (Mary Shelley’s) subjective approach and vital evaluation of the text of unique enhances the reality that Percy Shelley’s proclaimed of his other half’s writing. He says:
(Frankenstein is) one of the most original and total productions of the day. We debate with ourselves in wonder, as we read it, what might have been the Series of ideas what could have been the strange experiences that Awakened them which conduced, in the author’s mind, to the astonishing Combinations of motives and incidents and the shocking catastrophe, which Compose this tale (Shelley 4).
Victor Frankenstein and his beast are thought about conflation of each other. As the unique advances, Frankenstein and his beast vie for the role of protagonist. With the progress of the story, the monster he developed manifests itself as an identification of the traits and qualities of his creator, Victor Frankenstein.
They are not comparable physically and socially however their characteristic, thought patterns; their intents toward humankind and ambitiousness make them comparable. Levine (1973) illustrates that the beast and Frankenstein are the sides of an exact same coin.
He illustrates that “Frankenstein creates the beast which, as they pursue their separate lives, they increasingly look like and depend upon each other so that by the end Frankenstein pursues his own monster, their positions reversed, and the monster plants clues to keep Frankenstein in pursuit. As Frankenstein’s production, the beast can be taken as an expression of an element of Frankenstein’s self: the monster is a sort of New Critical art object, leading an apparently independent natural life of its own and yet irremediably and subtly connected to its developer, re- enacting in mildly disguised methods, his developer’s sensations and experiences. (Levine. 1973)
Firstly, the altruism and munificence is a substantial function of Frankenstein and the advancement of the story illustrates that monster likewise has such personality type of kindness and mankind. His buddies appreciate Frankenstein, the ship captain, who saves him from the ice floe and even the monster as affirm that Frankenstein is a good-hearted individual full with the “milk of human kindness”.
Sea captain Walton refers him as fallen angel who is still stylish in his devastation and states, “What a marvelous creature must he have been in the days of his success,” once again composes Walton, “when he is hence noble and godlike in destroy!”(Shelley. p. 210).
He greatness depends on the reality that he is revered by his worst enemy who explains him as, “Oh, Frankenstein! Generous and self-devoted being! what does it get that I now ask thee to pardon me?” (Shelley. p. 219). His evils and malevolencies do not mar his great attributes and propensities.
Same holds true with beast that although he is typically comprehended as a savage lacking any human tendency however in reality, he is as kindhearted and kind as his developer, Victor Frankenstein. George Levine (1973) states in this regards, “There is no proof in the early stages of anything basically evil in the monster, and on the strength of his own story 6 chapters later, it is clear that the beast, like Frankenstein himself, had plenty of benevolence and affection.
His only criminal activity is his ugliness, and this is totally the work of Frankenstein who has been careless in his haste of development. The monster is wicked not since of what he intrinsically is, however because of the consequences of Frankenstein’s fascination with producing him. (Levine. 1973) So evil manifested by beast in the later parts of the novels is not inherent or instilled in the really spirit of his character however it was materialization vengeance and a response of the pathos and miseries he was affected with by humans, for example his unknown acts of kindheartedness to the cottage-dwellers and conserving the life of a child are compensated with unverified abhorrence.
However yet get his intents to ward human were nobler and filled with altruism. His atrocities towards human are the retorts to the world he lives in, instead of something natural. Beast explains the cause and genuine nature of his anger and atrocities versus human, stating, “There was none amongst the varieties of guys that existed who would pity or help me; and should I feel generosity towards my enemies? No: from that minute I stated everlasting war against the types, and, more than all, versus him who had formed me and sent me forth to this insupportable anguish.” (p. 77)
Monster, throughout his respect of his developer, points out his self-devotion. This self-devotion together with his humane goal to “banish disease from the human frame and render man invulnerable to any however a violent death” (p. 40) develops a double nature in him. Although his intents are virtuous but his aspirations capacitates him to go to any level to get his objective accomplished. However, in spite of, Frankenstein ensnare himself in a despicable hunt that causes him to devastate his own good being and make his “fellow-creatures as if … guilty of a crime” (p. 55).
Levine enhances this ideas in these words that “His vices are the flaws of his virtues: it was the desire both for magnificence and to help mankind that led him to create the beast.” (Levine, 1973) The monster shows a parallel duality of nature amazing compassion along with discouragement towards him. He claims our generosity to the degree that we recognize ourselves in his existential seclusion.
He discusses this to Frankenstein, “Think me, Frankenstein, I was good-hearted; my soul glowed with love and humankind; but am I not alone, miserably alone?” (p. 10) This more shows advancement of relationship between the beast and Frankenstein. Monster only regards him the suitable individual to divulge his inner sentiments and thoughts. He desires an understanding and acceptance from Frankenstein.
Beast says in this regard; “You, my developer, abhor me; what hope can I gather from your fellow creatures, who owe me nothing?.” (p. 54)The relationship that was based upon remorse on the part of Frankenstein and hatred on the monster at the early phases, now developed into that of intimacy and mutual understanding.
Beast himself suffers from this duality of nature and had self-devoted yearnings together with love and care for human beings. His love for Elizabeth and murder for the function to get him is reflection of this ambivalent character. Beast ambitiousness resembles Frankenstein. It makes him to learn and design new methods of revealing himself.
The major problem of beast is not commitment like Frankenstein however it is self-identification. He informs himself by checking out such expressions of Paradise Lost. “Who was I? What was I? Whence did I come?” (p. 125), that produces in him an urge to locate his identity and that becomes the supreme cause of his tragedy.
Another resemblance in between Frankenstein and monster is their love and adoration for understanding. But both consider knowledge a hazardous happiness. Really early in the novel, Frankenstein sophisticated this;
“Learn from me, if not by my precepts, a minimum of by my example, how dangerous is the acquirement of knowledge and how much happier that man is who thinks his native town to be the world, than he who desires end up being higher than his nature will allow. “(p. 28)
Like Victor, the beast also considers knowledge as something extremely hazardous. After ending up being conscious that he is disgustingly unassociated to human beings, he regrets, “Of what a weird nature is knowledge! It holds on to the mind, when it has when taken on it, like a lichen on the rock.” (p. 96)
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Another essential parallel between these characters is their strong associations with nature. Each time they are down trodden and are despondent, they just locate consolation and comfort in the lap of nature. By their own accounts, both Frankenstein and the beast start with munificent objectives and end up being killers.
The beast might appear more considerate because he is by nature an outsider, whereas Frankenstein intentionally eliminates himself from society. Nevertheless, in the end, both cease to cope with ‘distressed hearts in a struggling society.” Regardless of their substantially different appearances, physical symptom and lives, Victor and the beast have many similarities in the mental, psychological and habitual domains.
Levine, George. Frankenstein and the Custom of Realism. NOVEL: An Online Forum on Fiction, 7.1 (Autumn, 1973): 14-30.
Website: http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0029-5132( 197323 )7%3A1%3C14%3A%22ATTOR%3E2.0. CO%3B2-3
Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft. Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley’s Frankenstein, or, The contemporary Prometheus. A Longman cultural ed. New York: Longman, 2003.
Shelley, P.B. Evaluation: ON FRANKENSTEIN; OR, THE MODERN-DAY PROMETHEUS.