Short on Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe
The Age of Enligthenment (reffered to as the Age of Factor) was a cultural movement of intellectuals in the 17th and 18th centuries, which began initially in Europe and later on in the American nests. Its function was to reform society utilizing factor, difficulty ideas grounded in tradition and faith and advance knowledge through the clinical method. It promoted clinical idea, apprehension and intellectual interchange. The Enlightenment opposed superstitious notion, intolerance and abuses of power by the church and the state. Its concepts have actually had a significant influence on the culture, politics and federal governments of the Western world.
The 18th century saw the development of the modern book as literary genre. The main themes and themes in literature were the social agreement and the emancipation of the people through culture. As representative pieces of work of this duration we can remind Jonathan Swift’s “Gulliver’s Journeys”, Voltaire’s “Candid”, Henry Fielding’s “Tom Jones” and Daniel Defoe’s “Robinson Crusoe”. Defoe reforms the hero into a relatable common individual who looks for a place in life that fits his own views. He separates himself from his dad’s aspirations and lives a complete and adventurous life.
Faith was an important part of life during his era and whatever was attributed to God’s will. Crusoe, with no established religious beliefs, participates in a deeply individual relationship with God and reveals the inconsistencies of human interpretation. First, he thanks God for saving him from the exact same fate as his fellow crewmembers, however then, when he falls ill, he thinks that the island is a punishment for greed and materialism. When Crusoe returns to civilization, he declines to move back to Brazil because it is primarily catholic.
By isolating and exposing Crusoe to various cultures, Defoe exhibits a major movement in the 18th century society towards religious liberty. Another Knowledge perfect embodied by Crusoe is the right to pursue joy. John Locke states that “the look after ourselves is the necessary foundation of our liberty”. By ending up being a sailor, Crusoe defies his father and when he almost dies, he believes it was God’s penalty for disobeying his dad, however still returns to the sea. By defying not just his father, however God as well, Crusoe moves towards the specific freedom promoted by numerous theorists of his time.