Rose Symbolism in “A Rose for Emily”
“A Rose for Emily,” composed by William Faulkner in 1931, present wonderful characters like Emily, Homer, and the Townspeople’s similarities by the suggestive and connotative usage of a rose as the major metaphor. Nevertheless, as the story progresses, one feels that, this metaphor’s function reveals their mutual differences.
This is fitting since Emily appears to be moral and respectable individuals on the surface; however, by diving deeper into the short story one uncovers her true nature, an unpleasant, unfriendly, and crazy person. Her path coincides with Homer’s as their paths both strike a remarkable similarity to that of a rose’s. Finest described as never-ceasing, the townspeople are revealed as being quite from far however far from quite.
From afar, Faulkner selects the rose to represent Emily since she appears reserved and would never damage anything or anybody. One can see Emily’s reclusive and suppressed persona when the tax collectors come to her house, “She did not ask to sit. She just stood in the door and listened quietly until the spokesperson concerned a stumbling stop” (426 ). Although she seemed peaceful, one can establish never ever to judge a book by its cover.
Emily is genuinely shocked by her daddy’s death and would not accept the fact that her daddy has actually left her completely for another few days and due to that psychological variation, she develops a method to keep Homer with her completely, despite the fact that he would not live. (Wallace, 106-7) Such as a rose has thorns when analyzed closely, so Emily shows this same characteristic in her own life. When people concerned get her dad, she stated to them, “Miss Emily met them at the door, impersonated normal and without any trace of grief on her face. She informed them that her daddy was not dead” (428 )
When people gave her their acknowledgements, she would reject them as a result of denying the otherwise apparent truth. Her father’s death was a troubling experience and since that day, she has had problems releasing and is scared to lose another loved one. (Schwab, 215-17) This fixation with never ever releasing herself from another person is one of her many significant faults. From this defect, emerges a new energetic thorn. Due to this mental imbalance of not being able to let go, she chooses to toxin her next love, Homer Barron.
Homer examines Emily and finds a ‘unique’ poisonous thorn that pierces him and ends his life: her insanity. Regrettably, she is consumed since she fears that he will leave her as her dad and all male figures had in her life had. Her refusal to let go of liked ones drives her towards madness. The reader sees a side of her that is entirely unforeseen when she states to the pharmacist, “”I desire some poison,” she stated to the druggist.
She was over thirty then, still a slight woman, though thinner than typical, with cold, hoity-toity black eyes in a face the flesh of which was strained throughout the temples and about the eye sockets as you think of a lighthouse-keeper’s face ought to look. “I desire some poison”” (431 ). Similar to the thorns of a rose, Emily is capable of being horribly vicious. In order to present this mournful tone, Faulkner illustrates the extent of her insanity and portrays her unhealthy mindset. (Blythe, 49-50)
After the thorns, one requires to think about Emily continuing in the same style as the life cycle of a rose. Emily wilts away like a rose and “picks” not to re-blossom. This represents her human death, and communicates to the reader that she makes errors like all individuals but to a lethal extreme.
Comparable to many people, she is afraid of change, however the reader needs to question if she experiences metathesiophobia, the fear of change. As a result of this phobia she wishes to keep the past and resorts to an extreme act of eliminating Homer in order to calm herself from this fear. (West, 148-50)
She eventually passed away too. When the townspeople discovered Emily lying dead in her bed, the people discovered something fascinating next to her. “We saw that in the second pillow was an indentation of a head. One of us raised something from it, and leaning forward, that faint unnoticeable dust dry and acrid in the nostrils, we saw a long strand of iron-gray hair” (432 ). In attempt to display Emily’s unwillingness to change, Faulkner infers that the ‘iron-gray hair’ is in reference to Homer. She is not the only one who ‘shrivels,’ however Homer does as well.
As in real life, when one gets an actual rose, it shrivels up not long after. At first it is a romantic gesture however after the rose dies, the impact of the gesture slowly deteriorates. Homer resembles a rose in the sense that not long after he entered into Emily’s life; he is poisoned, “shrivels” like a rose, and is entirely forgotten by the townspeople. This is a representation to the reader that Homer is mortal as well and can not be reborn.
The town, on the other hand, rejuvenates itself due to the fact that even if one man passes away, someone else will be born. The town is not a single rose however a garden of roses and can not ‘shrivel.’ The increased displays the immortality of the town. If one rose were to pass away, the death of the rose will not have such an impact on the stunning garden because there are new roses emerging everyday. For this very reason, Emily’s death did not have such an impact on the town. She is just one rose of an entire garden. For that reason, she is “A” rose and not “The” rose.
The townspeople are likewise far from quite since they appear sincere by going to Emily’s funeral when, in fact, they are just going since they wonder to see her house. The very first sentence of the short story begins with the words, “When Miss Emily Grierson passed away, our entire town went to her funeral: … the women mostly out of interest to see the inside of her house” (425 ). If they were not shallow, they would have provided her “The” increased rather of “A” increased.
The “A” from “A Rose for Emily” is likewise symbolic and Faulkner is attempting to provide a message to the reader by using an “A” instead of a “The”. He is communicating that Emily just deserves one increased from the town due to the fact that she does nothing for the brand-new generation of the town, other than cause problems by not moving and let that block be developed into other cotton fields. (Adams, 121-24)
Besides for Emily’s house, there were “But garages and cotton gins had actually trespassed and obliterated even the august names of that neighborhood; only Miss Emily’s house was left, lifting its stubborn and coquettish decay above the cotton wagons and the gas pumps-an eyesore amongst eyesores”( 425 ).
The townspeople provided her one rose because it is the town’s customized and not due to the fact that they really cared enough for her to choose a distinct rose. When she was “Alive, Miss Emily had actually been a tradition, a responsibility, and a care; a sort of hereditary responsibility upon the town” (426 ). If the title started with a “The” instead of the “A”, it would have suggested that individuals take care of her and consider her to be someone of value to them. The “A” represents Emily to be indefinite and generic.
Ms. Emily used to use white gowns, which represent innocence, however she starts wearing black clothing, just like a mourner’s style of gown, after Homer presumably disappears. Emily’s change in appearance reveals that she has ended up being stained in some sense. Ray West even more supports this theory.
‘Em ily had not always appeared like this. When she was young and part of the world with which she was contemporary, she was, we are informed, ‘a slender figure in white,’ as contrasted with her father, who is described as ‘a spraddled silhouette.’ Even after her father’s death, [She] looked like a lady ‘with an unclear similarity to those angels in colored church windows– sort of tragic and tranquil.’ The idea is that she had already started her entryway into that nether-world (a world which is illustrated later on as’ rose-tinted)’ (149 )
Faulkner utilizes a rose as a device to signify all 3 main characters; Emily, Homer, and the town’s people. The rose is the perfect word for what represents all three of the primary characters, and it signals the reader that Emily and the others can be extremely different from what one expects throughout the story. Faulkner chose to use an “A” in the location of a “The” for a greater impact and a much deeper significance. Emily is “A” rose.
Adams Richard P. Faulkner: Myth and Movement. Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press, 1968. 121-24
Blythe, Hal. Faulkner’s ‘A Rose for Emily.’ The Explicator. Washington D.C.: Heldref Publications, 1989. V. 47. 49-50.
Faulkner, William. ‘A Rose for Emily.’ The Bedford Intro to Literature. Ed. Michael Meyer. 3rd ed. Boston: Bedford-St. Martin’s P, 1993.
Schwab, Melinda. A Look for Emily. Studies in other words Fiction. Ed. Michael J. O’Shea. Columbia, SC: The R.L. Bryan Business, 1991. V. 28. 215-217.
Wallace, James. Faulkner’s ‘A Rose for Emily.’ The Explicator. Washington D.C.: Heldref Publications, 1992. V. 50. 106-7.
West, Jr., Ray. Environment and Style in Faulkner’s ‘A Rose for Emily’. Narrative Criticism. Ed. Sheila Fitzgerald. Detroit, Michigan: Gale Research Study Inc. Book Tower, 1989. V. 1. 148-50.