Jealousy, “the green-eyed beast” Shakespeare corresponds in his use of duplicated themes throughout his works, particularly those of love, death, and betrayal. Shakespeare repeats these styles to set the mood through his works. It is important for Shakespeare to be consistent with his styles, or the plays would lose their significance and state of mind. All of these themes exist in Othello, but the most dominant is the style of jealousy, which presents itself multiple times throughout the play. We see the sort of jealousy which is envy of what others have, and as the sort of which is fear of losing what we have.
According to The New Lexicon Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of the English Language, “jealousy is a state of fear, suspicion, revenge or envy brought on by genuine or thought of hazard or challenge to one’s possessive instincts. It may be provoked by competition in sexual love by competition or by desires for the qualities or ownerships of another.” Jealousy is a wicked quality, “O, beware my Lord, of jealousy! It is the green-eyed monster” and will lead people to do abominable envious attacks (Shakespeare III. iii. ). Jealousy plays a big role on the characters of Othello, as it does not get the characters anywhere, or acquire the characters anything.
Jealousy is the primary cause of torment, heartbreak, and death in Shakespeare’s Othello. Shakespeare’s Othello might seem to be a play of numerous jealous males, but really it is one male’s jealousy to blame for the fall of others, which male is Iago. Iago is an envious, two-faced, lying, bad guy, who is out to get vengeance on everyone, and techniques people into thinking that his every word is true. Iago even states, “And what’s he then that states I play the bad guy, when this guidance is complimentary I provide and truthful” stating he had is way of making people think his shenanigans were innocent and true (Shakespeare II. iii. ).
Iago’s primary objective is to damage Othello, general of the armies of Venice. Iago’s anger toward Othello began when Othello neglected him for the position of lieutenant. This result in Iago’s jealousy of Michael Cassio, whom Othello made lieutenant, Iago states Cassio, “This counter-coaster/ And I bless the mark, his Moorship’s ancient”, due to the fact that Cassio has the task Iago wanted (Shakespeare I. i. ). Iago’s anger towards Othello then turns into jealousy when he hears a report that Othello has slept with his partner, Emilia: “It is believed abroad that ‘twixt my sheets He has actually done my office. ” (Shakespeare I. iii. ).
Iago’s jealousy toward Cassio and Othello offered him the concept to seek revenge with a plan of damage. Iago’s plan started with Roderigo, a young, abundant, and silly guy, envious of Othello, whom is wed to his wanted love Desdemona. Roderigo went to excellent heights to be with Desdemona as he was convinced that paying Iago all of his money will help him in his suit to Desdemona. Roderigo then recognizes Desdemona is wed to Othello and blames it on Iago for not realizing that sooner. Roderigo was using Iago since he knew the hate and jealousy Iago has towards Othello, “Thou informed’st me thou didst hold him in thy hate. “Abhor me if I do not.” (Shakespeare I. i. ). Roderigo may be using Iago, however what he does not understand is Iago is using him as well. Iago understood the level Roderigo would go to, to be with Desdemona. Iago’s very first concept was to tell Brabanzio, Venetian senator and Desdemona’s father, that he has actually been robbed “you’ll have your child covered with Barbary horse; you’ll have your nephews neigh to you; you’ll have coursers for cousins, and gennets for Germans. “, Othello has actually taken his daughter by witchcraft (Shakespeare I. i. ).
Brabanzio who has actually two times implicated Othello of utilizing magic or witchcraft to seduce Desdemona, accuses him a third time, for he does not comprehend why Desdemona would fall for a man like Othello. Iago had hope this plan would get rid of Othello, however it backfired. Othello describes that he won Desdemona not by witchcraft, however by stories about his experiences of travel and war. Even though Iago’s strategy was stopping working, his jealous and envious mind had other ideas. Iago assures Roderigo that as soon as Desdemona’s “blood is made dull with the act of sport,” she will dislike Othello and pursue sexual complete satisfaction somewhere else (Shakespeare II. ). Iago then informs Roderigo that “in other places” will more than likely be Cassio, and advises Roderigo that he need to begin a fight with Cassio at the night’s event. This starts sequel of envious Iago’s plan of damage. That night, Iago gets Cassio intoxicated and sends Roderigo to begin the fight with him. When Cassio stabs Governor Montano as he attempted to hold Cassio down, Iago sent out Roderigo to raise alarm in the town. Othello shows up and strips Cassio of his rank of lieutenant. Roderigo believed this plan was for him to eliminate Cassio so he would win over Desdemona, but actually it was for selfish Iago.
Iago understood Cassio might not control his liquor and would do something bad enough to lose his title, the title Iago was jealous that he did not have. Iago then informs the audience that removing Cassio is the first important step in his plan to destroy Othello. “I hate the Moor, And it is believed abroad that ‘twixt my sheets He’s done my office.” (Shakespeare I. iii. ). Now that Iago succeeded on getting Cassio removed of his rank, his plan will continue to ruin Othello. Part three of Iago’s plan starts with Cassio troubled and feeling that his track record has actually been ruined permanently.
Iago ensures Cassio that he can get back on Othello’s silver lining by using Desdemona as a midway. Iago informs the audience that he will frame Cassio and Desdemona as enthusiasts to make Othello jealous. This results in Othello’s jealousy of Cassio, which makes him mad and unstable. Iago extends his plan of removing Cassio and Othello by telling Othello that Cassio and Desdemona may be associated with an affair. All a part of Iago’s strategy he continues to speak with Othello, “To spy into abuses, and oft my jealousy”, and Othello would be wise to ignore his thinking, and to not fret himself about the worthless things he’s observed (Shakespeare III. ii. ). Iago’s harmful plan continues with him trying to find away to “show” Desdemona is having an affair. He has the idea to plant Desdemona’s scarf in Cassio’s room as “proof” that he is having an affair with Desdemona. When Othello has this “evidence”, he swears to take revenge on his other half and Cassio, and as part of Iago’s strategy he pledges that he will help Othello, by killing Cassio. However then, Lodovico, one of Brabanzio’s kinsmen, gives Othello a letter from Venice telling him he need to get home which Cassio will be taking his location.
Othello, loaded with anger and jealousy, went so over the edge that he strikes Desdemona and leaves. Meanwhile Iago’s plan goes on, as he guarantees Roderigo that everything is going as he planned. Iago tells Roderigo that in order to stop Othello and Desdemona from leaving he needs to kill Cassio, that this will give him a clear course to his love. Iago then advises Roderigo to attack Cassio. Roderigo misses Cassio, and Cassio stabs him rather. Iago then wounds Cassio and runs off. When Othello hears Cassio’s cry he presumes Iago eliminated Cassio, as he stated he would.
Iago’s plan backfired, Roderigo dead rather of Cassio. Ravaged Othello dominates Desdemona who he prepares to eliminate for her “adultery”. Desdemona wakes up and pleas her innocents. Othello does not believe her due to the fact that he had “evidence” she was cheating, and suffocates her. At that moment Emilia strolls in with the brand-new that Roderigo is dead. When Emilia see Desdemona she sobs out, “Oh, the more angel she, And you the blacker devil!” (Shakespeare V. ii). Emilia questions Othello on why he would do this. Othello replies, “Cassio did top her, ask thy partner else. Thy spouse understood it all.” (Shakespeare V. ii. ). Emilia now recognizes what Iago has done, and describes whatever to Othello. After all the commotion, Iago comes into the space. Othello, sad, tries to eliminate Iago, however is disarmed. Iago has actually realized what Emilia has actually done and kills her, then runs away the scene. Iago is brought back in by Lodovico and Montano, and Othello wounds Iago and deactivated again. Othello makes a speech on how he would like to be kept in mind, and his love for Desdemona, and with a sword he had concealed on him, he kills himself.
At that time Lodovico gives a speech, about how all of this was Iago’s fault, and how Iago makes him sick. Lodovico needs he be taken away and informs Cassio, “To you, lord Governor, Remains the censure of this hellish bad guy: The time, the place, the abuse.” (Shakespeare V. ii. ). “O, beware my Lord, of jealousy! It is the green-eyed beast which doth mock The meat it feeds on.” (Shakespeare III. iii. ). Iago was a jealous bad guy, who had s strategy of damage. Iago believed his strategy would work to get rid of the man he was eventually jealous of, Othello.
Iago thought incorrect, though in the beginning his strategy seemed to be working it ultimately stopped working. Iago felt he could utilize other’s jealousy to get revenge by imitating he was on their side and as if he was assisting them. Iago is not the individual he appears to be, he even says, “I am not what I am” (Shakespeare I. i. ). During his wicked strategy he seemed to be pal trying to assist others get what they want, however really he was out to get what he wanted, and that was vengeance. Iago was not a buddy; he was simply an envious villain that brought others down with him. His plan failed leaving the great heart broken, miserable, and dead.
Jealousy is a beast, it draws out and evil side to everyone. If you act upon your jealousy, there is never ever a time where it ends well. Someone is all’s left hurt. In Iago’s case he left others injure and deceased, and himself up for execution. Functions Cited Shakespeare, William. Othello. The Compact Bedford Introduction to Literature. Ed. Michael Meyers. 8th ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s 2009. 1164-1244. Print. The New Lexicon Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of the English Language. Ed. Bernard S Cayne. Lexicon Publications. Encyclopedia Edition. 1989