Of MIce and Guys Naturalism
John Steinbeck’s novel Of Mice and Guy is a famous Naturalist work in American literature. Numerous aspects of Naturalism is shown in this novel through its character types and story plot. Charles Darwin, an English Biologist proposed a theory called natural choice, meaning that nature picks the very best adjusted ranges to make it through and replicate. Darwin likewise determined this theory as survival of the fittest. Steinbeck integrated this belief of natural selection in many instances throughout Of Mice and Male using characters and their situations.
One character called Sweet has an injury and is old in age. They were leading factors in his worry of being out of work. His pet’s aging and uselessness also resulted in its death. Another character called Lennie has a mental illness that caused difficulties for George and himself which eventually resulted in his death. Darwin’s theory survival of the fittest is among the substantial components of Naturalism that is demonstrated constantly throughout Of Mice and Men. An example of Naturalism in Of Mice and Guy is when Candy asks to be a part of George and Lennie’s dream of getting a ranch.
He overhears George and Lennie discussing what their future will be like on a farm and he provides his share to buy the farm with them. “‘They’ll can me purty soon. Jus’ as soon as I can’t overload out no bunkhouses they’ll put me on the county … I won’t have no location to go, an’ I can’t get say goodbye to tasks'” (Steinbeck 60). Candy will eventually be jobless due to the fact that he will no longer be required. He will run out a job and have no place to go later on. Candy’s situation demonstrates the Biologist component of survival of the fittest.
Sweet is attempting to survive after he is release from the ranch by making strategies with George and Lennie. He is not as helpful on the ranch as he used to be. He will have no place to return back to and he will be left alone, without any task. Throughout the Great Depression, living was extreme and surviving was difficult. Candy’s scenario shows how difficult it was throughout those times and it displays a sensible result of Candy’s predicament. Another example of Naturalism is the death of Sweet’s dog. Candy’s dog was old and sick with rheumatism.
All the males recommended to shoot the pet dog since it would not be advantageous to anybody. “‘He ain’t no great to you, Sweet. An’ he ain’t no good to himself. Why ‘n’ t you shoot him, Sweet? … You would not think it to look at him now, but he was the best damn sheep dog I ever seen'” (Steinbeck 44). Candy’s canine was useful in the past when he was a sheep herder. He was young and energetic, however he began to age and was infected by illness. Sweet’s canine illustrates natural selection because as his effectiveness on the cattle ranch declines, the need for him decreases as well, resulting in a different canine to take his location.
Candy’s pet dog was unable to sustain the competitors due to the fact that he did not have the best adapted varieties to endure. In this novel, Darwin’s speculation of natural choice is shown through Lennie’s mental condition. His condition was a driver for all the circumstances he caused for himself and George. Although Lennie has an abundance of physical power, he does not have understanding and common sense. “‘Perhaps he ain’t intense, but I never ever seen such a worker. He damn near killed his partner buckin’ barley. There ain’t no one can keep up with him … Sure he’s jes’ like a kid.
There ain’t no more damage in him than a kid neither, except he’s so strong'” (Steinbeck 39-43). Lennie being mentally disabled shows survival of the fittest because he stops working to have the most beneficial qualities to survive in a callous, harsh environment. Lennie has the similar qualities to a kid; he is innocent and gullible, likes to pet soft products, and requires an accountable buddy with parental qualities. In a setting like the Great Anxiety, those qualities would not allow a person to survive. The Great Depression was a fierce world and everybody was out for themselves.
Lennie certainly would not be able to withstand this kind of setting, as he was not extremely intelligent and he was gullible. His mental illness and character are two significant components to why he was not able to endure throughout the Great Depression. Darwin’s theory survival of the fittest basically indicates the strong will stay and make it through while the weak will be ousted and perish. His belief appropriately used to each character’s situation. Sweet’s aging and uselessness on the cattle ranch was a caution that he will be let go soon without any place to go.
Sweet’s pet dog was eliminated due to the fact that he was sick and old. Lennie’s psychological handicap over and over again caused complications and problems which eventually caused his death. Charles Darwin’s belief of natural choice, likewise called survival of the fittest is displayed often through characters and their particular scenarios. Sadly, these three characters in Steinbeck’s novel Of Mice and Men were unable to stand firm through all the difficulties and challenges and their lives concluded in either death or failure.