Oedipus Rex Term Paper
According to Aristotle there were 6 components to a tragedy: the plot, the character, the thought, the spectacle, the diction, and the music. He believed that” [t] he plot, then, is the very first principle, and, as it were, the soul of a catastrophe; character holds the 2nd place” (Aristotle 1999). The character (tragic hero) being the 2nd crucial element of the disaster, he needs to be of nobility, he is not infallible and his failure is because of a mistake in judgment, and can making his own choices and, essential, accepting the effects for those options.
Oedipus Rexes” is not just a traditional example of Aristotle meaning of an awful plot; Oedipus (the protagonist) has all the qualities of a terrible hero. Oedipus is the boy of a king and ultimately ends up being a King; his character is also that of a nobleman by having high ethical virtues of decision and tenaciousness; these self-same traits of his moral character later becomes arrogance, pride, and pig-headiness that cause his downfall; since of these choices, he accepts the effects for his actions. Outline I. Introduction/Thesis Ill.
. A. B. C. D. IV. V. The Tragic Hero’s Nobility Tragic Flaws Conceit and Pride Arrogance and Fear Pride Pig-headiness Downfall Conclusion “Oedipus the King’ by Sophocles The play opens with the city of Thebes being besieged by a pester. Oedipus has actually been the King of Thebes for several years now and revealing the qualities of a perfect citizen and fantastic leader, the citizens of Thebes appreciated him significantly. After several years of prosperity, the crops were dying, individuals were starving, the females were barren or their babies were still born.
Oedipus was identified to save his individuals. Since of his lotion to his individuals and their suffering he sent his brother-in-law, Croon, to Delphi to see the gods to learn why his city is under such a fantastic afflict and what he can do to stop it. Croon returns and says, It was murder that brought the plague-wind on the city’ and that it was King Alias that was murdered years ago (Prologue, 104-105). Pledging to bring the killer to justice and being a just King, Oedipus decrees that if the killer reveals himself he will not be eliminated, he will be exiled.
This decision and tenaciousness was the start of completion of King Oedipus. The first occurrences of Oedipus’ conceit and pride were when he went to the Oracle Of Delphi about his lineage. Even though the Oracle did not answer the concern about his family tree, the Oracle did offer him a prediction that he would eliminate his dad and marry his mom. Thinking that he was doing the best thing by putting as much distance in between his parents and himself, it was arrogance and pride that ruled him.
He believed that he could out run the gods and defy prophecy. Another example of Oedipus’ arrogance was when he was required off the road by another chariot; he lost his temper when he old male outraged him causing the death of the old male and his aides. Since of his intelligence and his keen sense being able to fix riddles; again, his conceit was when he solved the riddle of the Sphinx. The Sphinx was so distraught that someone in fact correctly addressed among her riddles, she eliminated herself.
Individuals of Thebes contributed to his arrogance and pride by making him King and started calling him the hero of Thebes. Later on, his arrogance and pride, again, gets the better of him. Despite the fact that he sends Croon to the Oracle of Delphi to discover the factor for the afflict, he was owing to be the one to rid the city of this pester and “save” his people again. Conceit, once again, raises its awful head coupled with paranoia. Being disappointed that nobody came forward, Oedipus sends for the blind seer, Terrifies. When Frightens refuses to inform Oedipus who the murder is, Oedipus becomes enraged.
Feeling that Horrifies is being conceited, Oedipus requires that he tells him who the killer is. Terrifies finally catches Oedipus and informs him that he, Oedipus, is the killer. Oedipus feeling that Terrifies is wrong and that it is just a plot invoked by Croon to take his heron, he orders Frightens to leave. Prior to Frightens leaves, he tells Oedipus that the murderer is a Thebes. He continues informing Oedipus that the murderer is the dad and sibling of his children and the partner and boy of his wife.
Which “if later on you find mistake in what have said,/ you might say that have no skill in prophecy (Scene l, 244-245). Still believing the Croon is outlining versus him, Oedipus’ fear runs rampant. There is nothing that Croon can say that will prove to Oedipus that he (Croon) is not thinking about taking control of the throne. Croon explains to Oedipus, that he has all the reveilles of nobility and none of the duties, why would he want the throne. Jotas, Oedipus’ wife, believes the quarrel between both men was silly.
Oedipus begins to get all puffed up with pride when a messenger from Corinth concerns tell Oedipus that King Polyp’s passed away of old age and Jotas still believing her first born is dead and he might not have killed her dead husband, King Alias, both Jotas and Oedipus are happy since Oedipus did not eliminate his daddy. They both think that “fate guidelines and nothing can be foreseen” (Scene Ill, 65). Oedipus is now all puffed up with flight that he had the ability to defy the gods just as King Alias tried to do years ago by believing he had his child killed.
This is a perfect example of father-like-son. Another significant character defect that Oedipus displays is pig-headiness. All his life he thinks a lie. Years previously, King Alias, not knowing when his Queen would develop an heir, visited the Oracle of Delphi. The Oracle informed him that “his doom would be death at the hands of his own child” (Scene II, 188). Not long after that, the Queen bore a son. He offered the kid to a servant and purchased that the child be left in the mountains to die. The servant, lining sorry for the kid, offered the child to a servant of the King of Corinth.
King Polyp’s and Queen Improper unable to have kids of their own gladly adopted the child and raised him as their own. Since of the injuries on the child’s feet, they called the kid Oedipus, which suggests “clubbed foot” in Greek. One day at a banquet, a drunken guy informed Oedipus that he is not the kid of King Polyp’s and Queen Improper. Distressed over the news, he went to his moms and dads and asked them. They in turn said it was all slanderous lies however they were the ones that were lying. Unable to accept his parents’ description, Oedipus needed to find out the truth for himself.
It was not up until a messenger from Corinth included the news about King Polyp’s’ death that Oedipus discovered the fact that he was not King Polyp’s’ son. In fact, a shepherd offered him a kid and he took it to King Polyp’s. Still not able to accept the reality, he needed to consult with the shepherd to confirm all these things. Jotas informs Oedipus the prophecy of her previous other half, King Alias. Oedipus outlines his childhood and the slaying of the old man on the roadway. Oedipus concerns “whether or not he was born to slay the old male” Unknown Spring D 2012).
They sent out for the shepherd who endured the attack on King Alias so he can tell his story of the murdering marauders eliminating King Alias and it was not the exact same guy that Oedipus eliminated years earlier. This was the very same shepherd that King Alias offered the baby to and purchased him to leave it in the mountains to pass away. Jotas pleads Oedipus to put this all to rest and no longer wanting to listen to any longer, she rushes to her chambers in the palace. Oedipus needing to discover the reality no matter what it is, overlooks her. The downfall of Oedipus is eminent. Jotas understood that the kid she provided earth to a lot of years back is now her husband.
And that old guy he killed on the road before he came to Thebes was certainly his dad, King Alias. The gods’ predictions did occur. The shepherd confirmed that he turned the child over to King Polyp’s’ servant. In Scene IV, lines 69-74 (paraphrased), Oedipus lastly pertains to the realization that the predictions are true and he indeed eliminated his father and married his mother. Oedipus rushes into the palace to confront Jotas about desiring him dead as a baby. A second messenger originates from the palace with horrific news that the Queen eliminated resell and utilizing the Queen’s brooches, King Oedipus blinded himself.
Oedipus now a completely broken male understanding that not only the prophecies came to life; he was also the daddy and brother of his own children. Oedipus turned over the throne to Croon. He asked Croon to take care of his daughters and to exile him from Thebes as he commanded earlier that would take place to the murderer of King Alias. By pure meaning, Oedipus is the traditional terrible hero. He was of honorable family tree (by birth and adoption); he was of excellent character and through a mistake in judgment and ignorance, his failure is mostly his own fault.