Oedipus Rex: Fate vs. Free choice
Oedipus the King” gives the reader an insight into the minds of how Sophocles, and perhaps other Greek tragedians, thought our lives were lived. 3 prophecies were used in “Oedipus the King” to show the views of Sophocles: the first being told to King Alias that his newborn kid will murder him, the 2nd being that Oedipus will eliminate the father who provided him life, and finally that Oedipus will couple with his mother. To begin is Sophocles’ first prophecy utilized in the story revealing his belief in fate. An oracle concerned Alias one great day and stated that “doom would trite him down at the hands of a child” (lines 787-788).
Oedipus was prophesied to murder his father before his birth even occurred. Sophocles reveals characters attempting to express free will and avoid fate when Alias nails his children own feet together, and throws him to a shepherd to manage his death. Instead of doing his responsibilities and getting rid of Oedipus, the shepherd who “pitied the little baby’ (line 1301 had actually taken him to another king and queen to live. Here, Sophocles is giving Oedipus another possibility to live out his prediction and show that fate is simply unavoidable, no matter what measures are taken.
Since Sophocles does not let Oedipus die prior to reaching his fate, we can clearly see that he simply believes in fate over free will. Next, Sophocles reveals us again that he thinks in fate by bringing Oedipus another prediction from an oracle. Now it is brought to light for Oedipus that he “will eliminate your dad, the one who provided you life” (line 875). Oedipus is told by the oracle that he will kill his daddy, but not told who his birth parents are. Sophocles keeps Oedipus’ father’s true identity in disguise knowing that fate will lead him to his biological father.
He runs from Corinth trigger he believes Polyp’s is his biological daddy and does not want to be his killer. While leaving, Oedipus encounters a group of men at a crossroad. The crossroad was tactically added into the story as a sign. Sophocles places this crossroad to represent a figurative crossroad in Oedipus’ life since here, he could have prevented his fate, or fulfilled it. Due to the fact that of Oedipus’ roadway rage, he murders the men, that included his biological dad, King Alias. Sophocles has actually tactically put each aspect in this story, leading him to kill his daddy, and continue down his course to his terrible fate.
Additionally, is the final prophecy Sophocles uses to prove his belief in fate. Soon after killing Alias, Oedipus arrives in Thebes while a scary sphinx intimidates the town. Oedipus damages the Sphinx by solving its riddle. Due to the fact that he saves the town, he is rewarded with the crown of Thebes and taking the hand of the queen, Coast, in marital relationship. Oedipus is informed he will “couple with your mom, you will bring a type of children into the light no guy can bear to see” (line 873-875). Unidentified to Oedipus, he has become the “bro and dad both to the children he embraces, to his mother, son and Cubans both” (lines 520-523).
After both Oedipus and Coast disrespect fate by thinking they had actually prevented the damning predictions, Sophocles drops their downfalls upon them. Oedipus eventually realizes the predictions dooming his life have actually come to life. Coast ends up being delusional which results in her devoting suicide and Oedipus gouges his eyes out, which represents the blindness of his options throughout the play because of his arrogance and hubris. He is then banished from Thebes, and has to deal with his horrid life, while blindly walking the Earth. Sophocles utilizes what seems to be Oedipus’ most significant rump, to lead him to his damning fate.
To conclude, Oedipus exists with a series of options throughout the play. His conceited and persistent nature push him to impulsively make the incorrect decisions; the choices that ultimately lead him to his fate. Although “Oedipus the King’ depicts numerous characters connecting to express free will, it is clear that Sophocles thinks simply in fate. By the end of the play, 2 facts remain: Oedipus’ failure is prophesied, and Oedipus does indeed fulfill the prophecies. Three prophecies, all satisfied to damage the life of the legendary
King Oedipus, showing that even a “guy beyond all power” (line 1682), can reach his fate. To the ancient Greeks, it was a moral perspective to remain within the limitations of the Gods, however to the contemporary reader, it may seem terrifying to think that no matter what choices individuals make, they have a one track life; a life governed by something aside from yourself. According to Sophocles himself, “Guy can not, and need to not cross the boundaries set by the Gods. Guy likewise can not conquer the power of the will of the Gods”, a declaration leaving the reader to think his day-to-day choices might be obsolete.