Oedipus Complex in Hamlet
Oedipus Complex in Hamlet In Shakespeare’s Hamlet, Hamlet’s personality can be explained by the Oedipus Complex. Throughout the play there are often times where he proves that he has Oedipus Complex. Oedipus Complex was not around at the time that Hamlet was composed. It just reveals that Shakespeare saw the same personality complex’ as Freud. Freud first called the Oedipus Complex Theory in his book, An Interpretation of Dreams, in 1899. Freud states “The child takes both of its parents, and more particularly among them, as the things of its sexual wishes. Freud describes that it is normal to have libidos for the parent of the opposite sex. These are typical in children and typically dissipate after the age of five. When these sexual desires do not disappear and they continue into adulthood this is when somebody would be considered to have an Oedipus Complex. When there is a libido for the mother, as Hamlet did, a rivalry is formed between the daddy and the son. Hamlet’s daddy remains in a type of a ghost, that only he can interact with. He was murdered while Hamlet was away at school. When he returns he finds his mother, Gertrude, remarried to his dad’s sibling Claudius.
This exasperates Hamlet, and highlights his repressed Oedipus Complex. This drives Hamlet insane. He is consumed and outraged by this incestuous marital relationship. Now I use the word incestuous since in those days it was thought about incest to wed your hubby’s bro. What requires to be discussed is exactly what Hamlet it is disturbed over. It is to be presumed that he is outraged since Claudius has actually replaced his own dad’s location next to his mother. This is not the case. Hamlet is upset since Claudius has actually taken his location beside his mom. Hamlet’s inmost wish is to be king and his mom, Gertrude, queen.
Thus showing the Oedipus Complex theory even more. Kids will have feeling of hate towards the parent of the same sex this theory states. Hamlet has lots of hateful propensities towards both of his fathers, Hamlet, the Prince of Denmark, and Claudius. We know from reading the play that Hamlet’s daddy was not affectionate or invest any quality time with him. He invested a lot of time at war. Although he had anger towards him, he could never show it. He quelched it. For Claudius on the other hand, Hamlet’s feelings of hatred are expressed a lot more freely. Hamlet internally battles with his sensations towards Claudius.
His father has concerned him as a ghost, telling him that Claudius is responsible for his murder. Hamlet needs to avenge his father, however has a hard time to do so. Subconsciously, Hamlet relates to Claudius. Hamlet envies Claudius for eliminating his daddy and taking his position next to Gertrude. This is whatever Hamlet has actually unconsciously wanted to do. So in essence he can not kill Claudius due to the fact that, in part, he would be killing himself. Hamlet is taken in with thoughts of his mother having sexual relations with Claudius. An extremely considerable part of the play is Act III Scene IV.
This is where Hamlet and his mom fulfill in her closet. The closet is extremely meaningful due to the fact that this symbolizes hiding. The bed room is significant since this is where private circumstances occur. Maybe Shakespeare played out this essential scene in the bedroom to reveal the sexual sensations Hamlet has for his mom. In this scene Hamlet challenges his mom about her relationship with Claudius. He does not come off as a boy asking worrying concerns towards his mom. He acts jealous while he asks her how she can stand to be touched by him. These are not generally son to mom concerns.
He is explicit in what he states and concentrates of her sexual acts in between her and Claudius. You could discuss it more as an obsession. At the end of this scene it is obvious that Hamlet is jealous of the attention Gertrude is providing Claudius. Hamlet, as a kid, would have found satisfaction in these feelings towards his mom, and now it is a sensation of disgust. This more shows the Oedipus Complex Theory. Hamlet is so taken in with his mom’s relationship with Claudius. He in turns reveals similar sensations towards Ophelia. He dabble her emotions as he feels Gertrude dabble his.
Throughout the play Hamlet is having problem with his quelched sensations towards his mother, his hatred for his daddies, and avenging his dad. The exact same factor he could never ever act out on his hatred for his father is the same factor he should avenge him. It is his values. He deals with avenging his daddy though because he is so focused on the incestuous relationship in between his mom and Claudius. He can’t really avenge his father until Gertrude dies. At that time the Oedipus Complex is launched and he has the ability to carry out his responsibilities and eliminate Claudius.