Lord of the Flies Summary and Analysis of Chapter Ten: The Shell and the Glasses

Back on the other side of the island, Ralph and Piggy fulfill on the beach. Tired, hurt, and disturbed by the previous night’s action, they discuss Simon. Piggy advises Ralph that he is still chief, or a minimum of chief over those who are still with them. Piggy attempts to stop Ralph from dwelling on Simon’s murder by appealing to Ralph’s reason. Piggy says that he participated in the murder due to the fact that he was frightened, to which Ralph replies that he was not scared. He does not know what came by him. Piggy tries to justify the death as an accident provoked by Simon’s “crazy” habits, but Ralph, clutching the conch defensively, is taken in with regret and regret and firmly insists that they took part in a murder.

Piggy asks Ralph not to expose to Samneric that they were associated with Simon’s death. Ralph and Piggy expose that almost all the other kids have actually abandoned them for Jack’s tribe save Samneric and some other littluns. Samneric return to the beach, where they present Ralph and Piggy with a log they have dragged out of the forest. They right away take off to go swimming. Ralph stops the twins with the intention of informing them that he and Piggy did not participate in Simon’s murder. All four appear worried as they talk about where they were the previous night, trying to prevent the subject of Simon’s murder. All firmly insist that they left early, right after the banquet.

At Castle Rock, Roger is attempting to acquire entry to Jack’s camp. Robert, already inside, makes Roger reveal himself before he can enter-one of Jack’s brand-new rules. When Roger enters, Robert reveals him a new feature of Jack’s camp: the boys have actually rigged a log so that they can easily set off a rock to tumble down and squash whatever is below it. Roger appears interrupted by this, and Robert changes the subject, informing him that Jack had a boy called Wilfred tied up for no obvious reason. Roger thinks about the implications of Jack’s “careless authority” and makes his method back down to the caverns and the other boys in Jack’s tribe. He finds Jack resting on a log, almost naked with a painted face. Jack states to the group that tomorrow they will hunt once again. He alerts them about the monster and about burglars. He guarantees them another banquet. Reluctantly, Bill asks Jack what they will utilize to light the fire. Jack blushes. He finally addresses that they will take fire from the others.

In Ralph’s camp on the beach, Piggy gives Ralph his glasses to start the fire. They wish that they could make a radio or a boat, however Ralph states that if they do so, they risk being captured by the Reds. Eric stops himself prior to he can admit that it would be much better than being recorded by Jack’s hunters. Ralph questions what Simon had been saying about a dead man. The kids end up being tired from pulling wood for the fire, but Ralph insists that they should keep it going. Ralph almost forgets what their goal is for the fire, and they then realize that two people are needed to keep the fire burning at all times. Provided their little numbers, each member of Ralph’s group would have to invest twelve hours a day dedicated to tending the fire. Exhausted and prevented, they give up the fire for the night and go back to the shelters, where they drift off to sleep.

Ralph and Piggy sleep fitfully. They are wakened by noises within the shelter: Samneric play-fighting. Knowledgeable about his increasing fear, Ralph reminisces about the safety of home, and he and Piggy conclude that they will go insane. All of a sudden, they hear the leaves rustling outside their shelter and a boy’s voice whispering Piggy’s name. It is Jack with his hunters, who are assaulting the shelter. Ralph’s kids combat them off but suffer considerable injuries. Piggy tells Ralph that they desired the conch, however he then recognizes that they came for something else: Piggy’s damaged glasses.


As the turmoil surrounding Simon’s death relaxes, Golding concentrates on the horror Piggy and Ralph feel about their participation in the murder. The two young boys effort to validate their role in Simon’s death with the ideas that they did not understand that it was Simon up until it was far too late, they were not among the inner circle of young boys beating him to death, and they operated on instinct instead of on malice. Still, the participation of Piggy and Ralph makes clear that even these 2, the apotheosis of rationality and maturity amongst the children on the island, are prone to the very same forces that inspire Jack and his hunters. Golding obscures the once-clear dichotomy in between the “great” Ralph and the “wicked” Jack, showing that the compulsion towards violence and damage exists inside all individuals. The reverse, a “great” Jack, is rarely in proof. The ramification of Ralph’s and Piggy’s short however awful involvement in the ruthless activities of Jack’s people is that the natural state of humanity is neither excellent nor wicked but blended. Social order and rules, with conscience and reason assisting only on event, are what constrain and limit the “wicked” impulses that exist inside all of us.

Indeed, Golding does present one major credentials that differentiates Ralph and Piggy from Jack. Ralph and Piggy still have an ethical perceptiveness. They realize that their actions are incorrect and appropriately struggle to find some justification for their parts in the murder. They are ashamed of the murder, unlike the other young boys, who show no qualms about what they have done. Even if Ralph and Piggy present not successful rationalizations, the fact that they require to discover some factor for their habits shows that they have an understanding of moral principles and maintain an appreciation for them. Golding therefore recommends that while evil might be present inside everyone, the strength of conscience and factor can positively move one’s morals, for some more than for others.

As the brand-new leader of the young boys, Jack maintains his authority by capitalizing on the fears and suspicions of the others. Even when provided with info that the figure on the mountain is not harmful, Jack continues to promote fear of the dreadful beast. Like lots of tyrants, his rules are based upon a strict distinction in between experts and outsiders: the experts are his people, and the outsiders are their typical opponents: the monster and the kids on the island who decline Jack’s authority. His techniques of rule are completely exclusionary, and they fail to provide that first function of government, the security and the safety of the group, even while Jack purports to be able to supply security from the beast and other enemies. The official statement by the guard that visitors need to reveal their presence does nothing to enhance the young boys’ safety.

Even as Golding continues to stress the effective increase of Jack as a leader, he suggests that this rule may be temporary. The shortsightedness Jack displays as a ruler is clear even to Jack himself. Intent on pleasing the young boys with games and hunting, he does nothing to deal with more useful issues. Faced with the dilemma of supplying a feast without a fire, his solution is to steal from the boys who have actually preserved a sense of duty. Ralph, Piggy, Sam and Eric are for that reason considerably burdened. Without aid from the other kids who are content to play as savages, these four need to devote all their energy to preserving the signal fire, an almost impossible job. The stress Jack has actually left the young boys with is substantial, but this does not matter to Jack if he can only secure the glasses for fire for the banquets. Ralph and Piggy muse, for their part, that they may go insane if they are not saved soon.

A more immediate risk to Ralph and Piggy comes when Jack and his followers charge the camp on the beach. The attack on Ralph and Piggy signals yet another phase in the boys’ descent from civilized habits into pure savagery. The murder of Simon was motivated by mass hysteria, instinctual fear, and panic. Here the violence used to acquire Piggy’s glasses, despite the fact that it is not fatal, is intentional, an act that expects the murder of Piggy in the following chapter. Piggy’s premeditated murder is likewise foreshadowed by the description of the rock perched near the fortress. Jack and his soldiers have actually placed the rock so that it may be toppled on another young boy. The concern stays concerning which kid will suffer this fate.

As in previous chapters, Golding uses symbolism and imagery to call the reader’s attention to the novel’s tragic arc, which follows the boys as they devolve from civilized, moral human beings to animal-like savages, encouraged only by self-interest and offered over to violent impulse. Piggy’s glasses, throughout the book a sign of intellectual reason and pragmatism-they are used to begin the signal fire-come into the hands of the illogical and harsh Jack. Jack, obviously, desires the glasses to start not a signal fire, however a bonfire for a pig roast, a choice that shows his shortsightedness and hedonism. We might also discover that Ralph and Piggy are surprised by the theft of the glasses, since they believed Jack’s intent was to take the conch shell. Jack’s disinterest in the conch, a symbol in the book for democratic authority, shows his rejection not only of Ralph’s authority, however likewise of the whole system of liberal democracy. The conch is useless if one does not think in its power. Ralph apparently still thinks that the conch matters or ought to matter. The image of Ralph clutching the conch is a powerful tip that he is one of just a few boys who still think in civilized life on the island.

As the conch shell is divested of significance and Piggy’s glasses fall into the hands of Jack’s people, Ralph and Piggy end up being desolate and depressed, helpless that they will ever be rescued. Golding emphasizes the anguish of Ralph’s group to provoke pessimism in the reader. That is, when Ralph and Piggy no longer have faith in their rescue, we lose wish for them too. Rather, it appears that the boys’ future will permanently be on and of the island, assisted by the lunatic however growing tribal system of Jack and his hunters. The scene on Ralph’s beach, with its declining and injured population, decreasing fire, and meaningless cultural signs (in specific the conch) stands in sharp contrast to the scene in Jack’s forest, with its army, enforced borders, and even weaponry (the defense gizmo). The ramification is less that Ralph’s civilization has been ruined than that it has actually been replaced by another, more primitive but more aggressive society. As the boys’ early days on the island mirrored the evolutionary progress of early guy, the boys’ last days mirror some aspects of the advancement of human civilizations, which clash violently over religious and political differences.

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