“Male produces evil as a bee produces honey” was a remark that was made by William Golding after his experience serving in the 2nd world war. Lord of the Flies is a symbolic book of his experience and this quote was his way of revealing that all males were evil; it was as natural for a human to be wicked as it was for a bee to produce honey. However, in spite of being within a bee’s natural impulse to produce honey, it isn’t within a human’s natural instinct to be wicked.
It is displayed in Golding’s novel that society influences one’s morality. Lord of the Flies likewise shows that people are self-serving, watching out on their own which sometimes it is required to be corrupt to survive. We also see that it is within a people’ instinct to follow a leader whether they are moral or unethical.
Lord of the Flies demonstrates that a person’s morality is affected by the society they are in. John Locke, an English philosopher, believed that humans were born tidy and pure, but it was society that influenced the evil inside them. This appears in Golding’s unique as even the most ‘wicked’ character, Jack, has actually shown signs of being ethical. In the 2nd chapter, when he comes back from discovering that they were on an island, he specifies, “‘We’ve got to have guidelines and obey them.”‘ The author utilizes irony to compare the distinction of Jack’s behaviour from the start of the unique to the end. Nevertheless, maybe we see Jack as the most corrupt character since he was the first to realise that in order to survive, he would need to be more vicious, more savage. It is apparent after that he attempts not to show empathy, innocence or kindness. Sometimes, he does not prosper. An example of this is on page fifty-five when Jack states, “You can feel … you’re not searching, but- being hunted.” This quote reveals Jack’s uncertainty, and he explains that you have to be animal-like to endure and live as long as you can in a society without guidelines and laws, something Locke believed was definitely required to sustain happiness. Here, Jack seems to relate to himself as an animal, which shows that he just acts the method he does since he saw the circumstances they remained in, and decided that the only way to get off the island alive was to be beast-like.
People are self-serving which is why they may be viewed as evil. In order to fit in and feel safe, sometimes selfish acts will be pursued. Golding writes for the characters to become more savage. This quality even reaches the sign of goodness and order, Ralph. He realises that in order to survive, he might not always do the appropriate thing. On page one hundred and thirty-eight, Golding uses personification twice to create the drama in his message. “Piggy and Ralph, under the risk of the sky discovered themselves excited to take a location in this berserk but partly secure society”. He is attempting to dramatise the evilness that Piggy and Ralph have caught, combining with the others, nevertheless, all this quote shows is their typical longing for a location with others and not any depth of evilness. We see that people who starting in the were following Ralph ‘the good side’ joined.
It is within our human instincts to follow a leader, whether they are ethical or immoral. Having an effective leader offers the ‘weaker’ ones a sense of security, and in Lord of the Flies, the 2 primary leaders were Ralph and Jack. Ralph was the leader of the ‘excellent’ side, while Jack was the chief of the ‘evil’ side. The members of Jack’s people are not evil in nature, however are merely required to follow his orders as he believes this is important for them to subsist. “With uninspiring obedience the choir raised their hands.” Using imagery in this quote (programs) that when Ralph asks the young kids who they would elect for chief, the choir-boys felt required to choose Jack. Jack can be compared to Adolf Hitler, a totalitarian in The second world war. Hitler manipulated his soldiers, and alters their thinking. Similarly, Jack is doing the exact same thing. Leading the ‘wicked’ side, he adjusts the minds of the choir-boys. The people who are following Jack are doing so for a sense of protection as he is powerful.
Regardless of being very first published fifty years back, Lord of the Flies is still studied and read to this day as it shows that it is brutality of the second world war. Golding discreetly travels through his message that what took place in Germany might occur anywhere and that often, it is essential to be wicked. Throughout the unique, we see the lengths some of them, in particular Jack, go to for survival. We are revealed that it is essential to pursue evil acts in ‘life or death’ circumstances which it is of humanity to pick a leader and follow his actions, even if they are unethical.