Lord of the Flies Lesson Plan

Golding composed Lord of the Flies following The second world war and his experiences during the early days of the Cold War. The book is an allegory concerning the rare construct of human civilization, in addition to man’s capacity for savagery and brutal violence, and the battled between civilization and nature.

Lord of the Flies happens on a remote, unknown island throughout an unspecified war. The characters of the book are a group of young English kids, who are stranded upon the island without adult guidance after an airplane crash. Although the boys aim to keep order and to increase their possibilities of being rescued from the island, their community slowly degenerates into mob mentality and violence.

Throughout the unique, Golding manages special attention to details of the island’s natural appeal. The community of young boys is also explained with great precision; though not all of the young boys are described in great information, Golding is familiar enough with the nature of young kids to paint succinct however clear descriptions of their behaviors, activities, moods, and special traits. Taken together, the above produce an extremely vivid portrait of life on the island, as the young boys deteriorate into brute savagery and civilization and order break down.

Key Elements of Lord of the Flies


Lord of the Flies is unflinchingly and lyrically detailed in tone, outlining and reviewing occasions in matter-of-fact, however beautiful, prose.


Unidentified deserted tropical island, throughout an unspecified war that might be The second world war.

Point of view

Lord of the Flies is written in the third-person omniscient perspective.

Character advancement

The four main characters– Ralph, Piggy, Simon, and Jack– establish in unique ways throughout the novel. The early death of Simon prevents his full advancement, while Piggy is killed once he has actually completed his character arc. Golding represents Simon as a martyr-like figure who values his privacy and expeditions of the island; he is the first to understand the real nature of the “monster,” but his understanding costs him his life. Piggy is consistently the most “adult” and self-aware figure in the book, though this does not endear him to the other kids. Through his experiences and loss of poser to Jack, Ralph acknowledges the real cruelty of guy’s nature and the ease with which human beings can descend into violence against one another. Jack devolves from a power-hungry bully into a cruel and sadistic leader who spurs his tribe to hunt Ralph and to eliminate him.


There are a number of main styles in Lord of the Flies consisting of: human capability for violence, loss of innocence, mob mentality, civilization vs. savagery/nature, and power.

Violence— The first significant foreshadowing of violence happens when Jack is unable to kill a piglet. He swears to eliminate a pig at the next chance and organizes a band of hunters to supply meat for the boys on the island. This group of hunters quickly degenerates into a savage people that is intent upon using violence and force to secure what it requires, even at the expense of human life.

Loss of Innocence— These young kids are transferred from most likely comfortable lives in English society to this lawless island. Through the course of their stay on the island, they witness man’s true descent into brute savagery. As such, Ralph– the sole survivor who does not succumb to his inner monster– keenly views the loss of their innocence. He is possibly more cognizant of this loss of innocence than the kids’ adult rescuer at the end of the novel.

Mob Mindset— The young boys collectively descend into the mentality propagated by Jack, who welcomes his violent nature and his brutal searching jobs. This collectivist mindset is ultimately turned versus the human beings as well, not simply the pigs on the island. Jack and his people usurp control from Ralph, bringing the more youthful young boys to their side too. The young boys become a crazy mass of violent killers.

Civilization vs. Savagery/Nature— To Golding, guy’s savagery is inescapable, maybe even an instinctive part of his nature. Against the backdrop of this natural haven, the island, Golding illustrates how the human construct of civilization is slowly removed away.

Power— A large part of the conflict in Lord of the Flies comes from the power struggle between Ralph and Jack. Communication is likewise a source of power, as suggested by the significance of the conch shell that the kids utilize at each conference.


Conch shell— The conch shell symbolizes the guideline of law and civilization. It’s a symbolic microphone that the kids utilize to call assemblies and grants the right to speak with whomever holds it throughout assembly.

Piggy’s glasses— By permitting the young boys to produce fire, the very first requirement of civilization, Piggy’s glasses represent science and innovation, humanity’s power to transform and remake their environment to finest match its needs.

Fire— Fire serves as a complex symbol in Lord of the Flies. Like the glasses that produce it, fire represents technology; yet, like the atomic bombs destroying the world around the boys’ island, fire likewise threatens destruction if it leaves control. Fire also signifies the kids’ connection to human civilization: their signal fire gives them hope of rescue.

The island— The tropical island, with its plentiful food and unblemished appeal, symbolizes paradise. It resembles a Garden of Eden in which the young boys can attempt to create the best society from scratch.

The Lord of the Flies/the monster— The “Lord of the Flies,” or the monster, is physically represented by the severed pig head Jack’s hunters stake into the ground and leave as an offering. Simon comprehends that the Lord of the Flies is the primal monster buried inside every person’s true self. When the Lord of Flies informs Simon “we are going to have a good time on this island,” its saying that they’re going to indulge every desire and prefer, without regard to the rules of civilization. The name “Lord of the Flies” is a referral to the name of the Biblical devil Beelzebub, so on one level, “the monster” is a kind of savage supernatural figure, however mostly it symbolizes the wicked and violence that possibly exists in the heart of every human.


The climax of Lord of the Flies takes place in the last chapter, as Ralph is hunted by Jack and his tribe of kids. The boys set fire to the entire island in an effort to smoke out Ralph. Just as he thinks that he has been discovered and will be eliminated, the boys are rescued by a marine officer. The rescuer is uninformed of the real nature of the kids’ savagery; he believes the young boys are just playing a harmless game.


The structure of this novel is relatively straightforward, starting straight after the airplane crashes on the island, stranding the group of kids there. The narration then states how the boys initially manage their survival requires, prior to ending up being reduced to their standard savage components.

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