Throughout the course of the two books, Oliver Twist and Lord of the Flies, the kid characters are required to assume adult roles due to the fact that they have actually been separated from, or excluded by society. The modification the kids undergo, particularly in Lord of the Flies could be described as ‘growing up’, getting experience and understanding beyond their years, or a loss of innocence. Among the primary methods which kids in these novels assume adult functions is through the method they attempt to govern themselves.
This is particularly evident in Lord of the Flies as the young boys are forced into a situation a number of that age dream of; living without adult guidance. This rapidly loses its appeal as the boys realise they need to establish some type of guideline and democracy, they elect a leader and quickly something comparable to a hierarchy is developed, just like that of a genuine Western society. There is likewise a link to old tribal approaches of establishing order, for example the Conch, which is similar to a Native American talking stick, which you needed to possess to speak at a meeting and it was passed around so everyone had the chance to speak.
However, the boys attempts to establish a society with a set of British worths such as having a ‘stiff upper lip’ and conducting yourself like a gentleman fails rather as they begin to pull back into a primitive mindset, taking on each other for survival. Jack at first declares that the young boys are “not savages. We’re English, and the English are best at everything”. However as a divide appears amongst the group, led by Jack and Ralph, it becomes apparent that Jack’s preliminary desire for order has gone as he and his tribe consistently shout “Kill the monster! Cut his throat! Spill his blood! “
In contrast to this, as savagery begins to take over the majority of the young boys, Ralph starts to crave order; “the tourist attraction of wildness had gone. His mind skated to a consideration of a tamed town where savagery could not set foot.” It is possible to argue that both Oliver and other kids his age such as the Artful Dodger and Charley Bates are likewise forced into needing to govern themselves, as they need to work and provide for themselves at such a young age. The governing bodies such as “the Board” are portrayed as faceless beings who we are motivated not to trust as they hold Oliver’s fate in their hands.
It is suggested throughout the novel that men in positions of power are frequently not particularly good example; Sikes and Fagin are hooligans who use children to devote minor criminal offenses on their behalf; “the Board” and Mr. Bumble fail to hold Oliver’s best interests at heart as they put him in positions where he is mistreated, maltreated and left uncared for. The representation of grownups is not completely negative in Oliver Twist, as it is in Lord of the Flies which draws parallels between the kids governing approaches and that of the adult government of the time.
The upper class adults in Oliver such as Mr. Brownlow are represented in a positive light as he, unlike Fagin and Mr. Bumble deals with Oliver with care which means he no longer needs to take care of himself. This Christian charity is only shown through Mr. Brownlow and individuals who take care of Oliver after he is shot, being forced to get into a home by Bill Sikes. Hierarchy in Victorian times typically dictated how a person was treated. Oliver is especially badly treated as his mother is seen to lack a wedding ring.
On the other hand, in Lord of the Flies, there is an initial attempt by the young boys to establish democracy and equality through use of the conch to call conferences. However, this starts to fail as the group divides. The “savages” transfer to the opposite of the island and “the world, that reasonable and lawful world, was escaping”. Throughout the book, Golding repeatedly describes the children’s inherent sense of wrong-doing as the influence of “the old life”. In spite of a lack of authority figures or “grown-ups”, the boys seem to possess understanding of the difference in between ideal and incorrect.
The young boys sometimes throw stones at one another, but they frequently “aim to miss”. In one scenario, when fun and video games become too severe, a young boy sits in the middle of a circle being showered with stones however “around the squatting child was the defense of moms and dads and school and policemen and the law.” Nevertheless as their society starts to fall apart there are conflicts in the established hierarchy between elected chief Ralph and the rebellious Jack, they lose this sense which leads to the murder of Simon and Piggy. Jack’s tribe then hunt pigs, and ultimately Ralph, in their pursuit of power.
This was regardless of Jack’s initial failure to kill a pig because of “the enormity of the knife descending and cutting into living flesh”. This loss of innocence is evident at the end of the novel; “Ralph wept for completion of innocence, the darkness of male’s heart, and the fall through the air of the real, smart good friend called Piggy.” It is typically the influence of adults that force Oliver and his companions to grow up. Fagin and Sikes use the boys as minions to commit petty crimes such as theft as, even if they are captured, the 2 guys will not be traceable.
Throughout this period children were used for such things, as well as other dangerous and demeaning jobs such as chimney sweeping. It appears that the health and wellbeing of the child was ruled out by their ‘owners’ and confrontation existed in society between boys and males, as the adults exploited them for money and servant labour;”the male versus the child for a bag of gold”. Throughout the 2 books the characters progress and are influenced by the society and occasions around them.
Oliver is referred to as having experience beyond his years and over the course of the unique he starts to understand increasingly more about the cruelty of society. He is referred to as being “too well familiar with suffering, and had suffered excessive where he was, to bewail the possibility of a change very badly.” This reveals that he has gradually pertained to accept that he has been turned down by society, and he is doomed to reside in poverty for what he believes will be a brief life. This emphasises his loss of innocence as a child of his age ought to not remain in such a circumstance.
The young boys depicted in chapter twelve of Lord of the Flies are extremely various characters to those innocently swimming in the lagoon in chapter 3; they have actually become tribal savages who have hunted and killed animals and even their fellow boys in order to survive. Likewise, the severed plant’s head represents the influence of human suffering on youth innocence, as it is impaled on a stick in a cleaning which had formerly been a place of peace and tranquillity, where Simon had actually innocently sat among nature in chapter three.
The influence of society from the boys old life was initially evident, but quickly they come down into an underworld of murky morals; “In his other life Maurice had actually received chastisement for filling a more youthful eye with sand. Now, though there was no parent to let fall a heavy hand, Maurice still felt the anxiousness of wrong-doing”. The style of civilization is also apparent throughout the 2 books. In Lord of the Flies the kid’s intents are at first really civil, as they utilize the conch to bring order to their conversations in an attempt to create a reasonable democracy throughout their remain on the island.
However, this civil attitude doesn’t last and is soon changed by among savagery. The minute when Piggy is killed by the falling rock is a very symbolic as it results in the conch being smashed and Piggy’s glasses being destroyed. The conch was a symbol of democracy, which was falling apart under pressure from Jack and his determination to turn to savagery. Also, Piggy’s glasses were a sign of civilization as they are stereotypically worn by intelligent individuals.
Moreover, they were used to make fire and their loss results in them no longer being able to do so. Therefore, this occasion symbolises the final deficiency of society, morals and law and order. In Oliver Twist, the line between civilization and savagery is not so clear, as it is recommended that civilization itself can be savage in the sense that many of the people in positions of authority are not worried about the people their choices impact.
It is frequently recommended in Oliver Twist that people in high ranking positions are not credible and are not good example, whereas in Lord of the Flies after a long period unsupervised on the island, the kids begin to prefer an adult influence to guide them; Piggy expresses a dream that his “auntie was here”, while Ralph likewise believes that if an adult existed they would understand what to do, and would have the ability to help them to agree and endure. This links to social hierarchy, which likewise plays a part in the way the children in the two novels adjust.
Oliver is plainly resigned to the reality that he will never ever be offered chances to better himself due to the fact that of his social class, and his mother is not appropriately looked after when bring to life him by Mr Bumble and Mrs Mann when it is kept in mind that there is “no wedding event ring, I see, Ah! Great night!” this reveals that as Oliver is, to their understanding, an illegitimate kid he and his mother are not thought of as crucial sufficient to look after. On the rare occasions Oliver discovers courage to ask for more care, or for assistance in his suffering, he is implicated of being “the ungratefullest and worst-disposed young boy as ever I see” by Mr Bumble.
Regardless of Mr Bumble’s higher social status, and position of authority he and the other effective figures stop working to assist Oliver out of his situation. This shows the failure of society and charity to help the bad. The collapse of social hierarchy and civilization is much less subtle in Lord of the Flies, as they lose their sense of ethical values and go back to a primitive lifestyle without any guidelines as they fight for survival. There is a tip that this reflects the erosion of society and the way in which the federal government have actually failed to preserve civilized worths.
In addition, in Lord of the Flies, the idea that children are the future is fore grounded and questioned. The novel has actually been described as a political satire as it portrays government as kids making childlike errors. It is possible to draw parallels between, Simon and Oliver. They both represent innocence and human goodness as Simon is portrayed in the clearing in chapter 3 in a scene of natural tranquillity. Simon’s childlike innocence and naivety is a style throughout the book, and he is referred to as having “eyes so brilliant they had deceived Ralph into thinking him wonderfully gay and wicked”.
Oliver also possesses an innate sense of hope despite his desperate situation. When he is shot and dying he “stirred and smiled in his sleep, as though these marks of pity and compassion had awakened some enjoyable imagine a love and affection he had never ever understood”. In conclusion, Oliver Twist and Lord of the Flies both portray children in their battle for survival versus a society controlled by grownups; a situation which is summed up by Fagin as “the guy against the kid, for a bag of gold”.
On the other hand, in Lord of the Flies, the risk to the kid’s survival is largely caused by the absence of the extremely exact same society. It is needed for Oliver and the stranded kids in Lord of the Flies to mature emotionally, although this is not depicted as a favorable thing as the kids gradually lose their innocence. This process is evident in Ralph, as he begins the unique as “old enough, twelve years and a few months, to have lost the popular stomach of youth; and not yet old enough for adolescence”, and ends the unique weeping for his loss of innocence and the death of his buddies.