Civilization vs. Savagery
William Golding’s, Lord of the Flies is a novel that displays the power and importance of the rules of civilization and its function in avoiding humans from following their natural disposition toward savagery. This unique display screens how the rules of civilization are overcome by savagery when guidelines and authority get displaced, and savagery begins to end up being inevitable. When the kids were very first ‘put’ on the island it was the boy’s original impulse to be civil and just.
The young boys voted on a leader, Ralph, and recognized rules and tasks for the kids to do and follow. This civility in between the boys can be seen weakening throughout the course of the 6 hunts. Jack, who was consumed with searching pigs to show himself as a hunter, is the leader of this wear and tear. This deterioration began initially when the 3 of the boys were on an exploration to browse the island for any indications of other people. The three boys encountered a piglet stuck in the brush however Jack froze “because the enormity of the knife descending and cutting into living flesh; due to the fact that of the excruciating blood” (Lord of the Flies, page 29). Jack was scared of the idea of killing and spilling blood of a living animal. This action shows that Jack was still held back by the guidelines of civilization.
This close call is what started to fuel Jacks fascination to hunt to kill. After Jack killed his very first pig, and understood that he can eliminate without any negative consequences, he extremely eliminated a mom plant with piglets. He then cut the head off and put it on a stick that was sharpened at both ends as a sacrifice to the monster. This reveals Jacks savage obsession to kill pigs was beginning to take over, and his fear of blood was no more. This harsh kill was savage and careless. Jack ended up being so confident that he can kill anything, that it lead him to want to hurt a human. Jack ended up ending up being so savage that he hunted Ralph. This was when almost all of the rules that held Jack back from killing had left him and he comprised his own rules. The altering effectiveness of the conch and its ability to govern over the boys is another example that shows the degeneration of the guidelines of civilization. The conch was initially the most crucial item and sign of authority that the young boys had on the island.
The conch was used to call conferences and govern over the boys. But, ultimately over time people like Jack started to ignore it and break the guidelines. He and other boys faulted away and the conch spoiled “And I have actually got the conch- ‘You have not got it with you,’ stated Jack sneering. ‘You left it behind. See, smart?- And the conch doesn’t count on this side of the island-” (Lord of the Flies, page 166). The conch eventually is destroyed, along with Piggy killed, and the last sign of authority over the kids is vanished. The destruction of the conch signifies the final loss of authority Ralph has and the final occasion that led Jack to be conquered totally by savagery.
The last example of the degeneration of the rules of civilization is the kid’s fear of the excellent monster and how they started to offer sacrifices to the monster. Throughout the novel, the beasts caused an excellent quantity of worry within the young boys. The fear started within littleuns hesitating of the dark and many other things on the island. The fear started in the big-uns when Sam and Eric declare to be chased by a flying monster. This worry kept the boys from having a fire on mountain and offered some of the littleuns headaches. This fear likewise made Jack offer offerings to the beast, a pig’s head. This gruesome act had been believed to work so when the time came Jack wished to put Ralph’s head on a stick to. This savagery is what cause the last conflict with Ralph and Jack as Ralph hung on to the last little goodness on the island, his life.
In conclusion the wear and tear of the rules of civilization and its function in avoiding people from following their natural disposition towards savagery can be translucented these three examples: the 6 hunts, the loss of efficiency of the conch, and the drastic actions caused by fear.