The protagonist of the story, Ralph is one of the oldest young boys on the island. He quickly ends up being the group’s leader. Golding explains Ralph as high for his age and handsome, and he commands the other kids with a natural sense of authority. Although he does not have Piggy’s obvious intelligence, Ralph is calm and rational, with sound judgment and a strong moral sensibility. However he is prone to the exact same instinctive impacts that impact the other kids, as demonstrated by his contribution to Simon’s death. However, Ralph remains the most civilized character throughout the novel. With his strong dedication to justice and equality, Ralph represents the political custom of liberal democracy.
Although pudgy, uncomfortable, and averse to physical labor since he struggles with asthma, Piggy– who dislikes his label– is the intellectual on the island. Though he is an outsider amongst the other young boys, Piggy is eventually accepted by them, albeit reluctantly, when they find that his glasses can be used to ignite fires. Piggy’s intellectual skill endears him to Ralph in specific, who concerns appreciate and appreciate him for his clear focus on securing their rescue from the island. Piggy is committed to the perfect of civilization and regularly reprimands the other young boys for acting as savages. His continuous clashes with the group culminate when Roger murders Piggy by dropping a rock on him, an act that signals the victory of brute instinct over civilized order. Intellectual, sensitive, and conscientious, Piggy represents culture within the democratic system embodied by Ralph. Piggy’s label symbolically links him to the pigs on the island, who rapidly end up being the targets of Jack’s and his hunters’ bloodlust– an association that foreshadows his murder.
The leader of a young boys’ choir, Jack exhibits militarism as it borders on authoritarianism. He is harsh and sadistic, preoccupied with hunting and killing pigs. His sadism heightens throughout the unique, and he eventually turns cruelly on the other boys. Jack feigns an interest in the rules of order developed on the island, but only if they enable him to inflict punishment. Jack represents anarchy. His rejection of Ralph’s imposed order– and the bloody results of this act– suggest the danger intrinsic in an anarchic system based only on self-interest.
The most introspective character in the unique, Simon has a deep affinity with nature and often walks alone in the jungle. While Piggy represents the cultural and Ralph the political and ethical elements of civilization, Simon represents the spiritual side of human nature. Like Piggy, Simon is a castaway: the other young boys consider him as odd and possibly insane. It is Simon who finds the monster. When he tries to inform the group that it is just a dead pilot, the kids, under the impression that he is the beast, murder him in a panic. Golding frequently recommends that Simon is a Christ-figure whose death is a kind of martyrdom. His name, which implies “he whom God has heard,” shows the depth of his spirituality and midpoint to the novel’s Judeo-Christian allegory.
Sam and Eric
The twins are the only kids who stay with Ralph and Piggy to tend to the fire after the others abandon Ralph for Jack’s tribe. The others think about the two young boys as a single person, and Golding maintains this understanding by combining their private names into one (“Samneric”). Here one may find tips about individualism and human originality.
Among the hunters and the guard at the castle rock fortress, Roger is Jack’s equivalent in cruelty. Even prior to the hunters devolve into savagery, Roger is boorish and crude, kicking down sand castles and tossing sand at others. After the other boys lose all concept of civilization, it is Roger who murders Piggy.
During the hunters’ “Eliminate the pig” chant, Maurice, who is one of Jack’s hunters, pretends to be a pig while the others pretend to slaughter him. When the hunters eliminate a pig, Jack smears blood on Maurice’s face. Maurice represents the mindless masses.
Among the smallest young boys on the island, Percival typically attempts to comfort himself by duplicating his name and address as a memory of home life. He becomes significantly hysterical throughout the unique and needs soothing by the older boys. Percival represents the domestic or familial aspects of civilization; his failure to remember his name and address upon the boys’ rescue suggests the disintegration of domestic impulse with the overturning of democratic order. Keep in mind likewise that in the literary tradition, Percival was among the Knights of the Round Table who went in search of the Holy Grail.
A dead pilot whom Simon discovers in the forest. The other young boys mistake him as a nefarious supernatural omen, “The Beast.” They attempt to appease his spirit with The Lord of the Flies.
The Lord of the Flies
The pig’s head that Jack impales on a stick as an offering to “The Beast.” The young boys call the offering “The Lord of the Flies,” which in Judeo-Christian folklore describes Beelzebub, an incarnation of Satan. In the novel, The Lord of the Flies works totemically; it represents the savagery and amorality of Jack’s people.
The marine officer appears in the last scene of the novel, when Ralph encounters him on the beach. He tells Ralph that his ship decided to examine the island upon seeing a lot of smoke (the outcome of the forest fire that Jack and his people had actually embeded in the hopes of driving Ralph out of hiding). His naivete about the boys’ violent conflict– he thinks they are playing a game– underscores the catastrophe of the scenario on the island. His status as a soldier advises the reader that the young boys’ behavior is simply a more primitive kind of the aggressive and regularly deadly disputes that identify adult civilization.