Literary Criticism: Oedipus the King
!.?. !? Literary Criticism: Oedipus the King The pursuit of knowledge was really crucial to the Greeks. Even if the truth was scary and difficult to grasp, they saw it as an important virtue. The theater acted as a medium for the analyzing of these ideas of understanding and truth. Many playwrights at the time used the self-realizations of their protagonists as underlying themes for their tragedies. For instance, in Oedipus the King. Sophocles utilizes Oedipus’s transformation, along with the plot, to emphasize the style.
As the story progresses, Oedipus modifications from conceited and worthy king to a cursed guy, humbled by an unavoidable series of unfortunate occasions. In the beginning if the play, Oedipus is portrayed as a worthy hero. This was because of the situation presented at the start of the drama in which he risked his life to fix the Sphinx’s riddle and save Thebes from its tyranny. His fame is almost instant and is not just applauded by the individuals however also crowned king. The daring procedures that he took were basically seen as blessings from the gods.
And although he was considerably adored and glorified, he was bitter towards the gods, and presumed power that generally came from them. “You pray to the gods? Let me grant your prayers” (245) he said to the chorus. They accepted this type of talk from their king and even wished for it. They saw no responses originating from the gods, so they put their hopes in Oedipus, their hero, who saved Thebes when and pledged to wait again. Fear seized Oedipus as he went even more into his examination of King Laius’s death.
While Jocasta revealed information about her late husband’s murder, Oedipus began to suspect his own previous accounts. He neglected the course in which the proof took him and fasted to blame individuals around him. Individuals of Thebes viewed as their worthy hero transformed into a tyrant. The reality is lastly exposed, and Oedipus is faced with the truth of his tragic downfall. Sophocles reveals the remarkable change in the primary character’s personality when he curses himself and gouges his eyes.
He might no longer be called a tyrant at this moment not to mention a ruler, as he required assistance in seeing and in strolling. A total change in attitude is seen as he humbles himself before Creon and the rest of Thebes. Oedipus’s improvement plays in addition to many essential themes of the play. Initially, as the play advances, Oedipus leaves his state of ignorance as parts of his fate are revealed. Sophocles raises the question, is it more crucial to suffer the pain of fact than to be naive and pleased? Yes might be his response.
However Sophocles wasn’t simply referring to the lead character, he suggested to reflect the essence of Athenian rulers through Oedipus. These individuals were known for their brave deeds, harmful tasks, and conceit. They viewed themselves as guardians of the city but could not safeguard themselves as people. Humanism was a growing concept at the time and many people, particularly leaders, saw themselves independent from the gods, questioning fate and free will. Initially, Jocasta declines to believe in prophecies and oracles, and Oedipus too challenges the authority of the gods.
Their magnificent prophecy is made real in the end and it is clear that the gods have won out. In this method, Sophocles states the power the gods have more than guy and the limitation of human ability. The play serves to describe the source of human suffering. Although Oedipus’s fate was figured out long in the past, the reader can not assist but feel sympathy for the character, thinking that he did not deserve what ultimately concerned him. Sophocles exposes that often human suffering is entirely due to the pure desire of the gods.