!.?.!? Talk about how the worths and attitudes of non-conformity are checked out in both The Catcher in the Rye and Igby decreases-(describe context, purpose and methods.) 1. Great morning fellow non-conformists and, today I will be talking to you about how the novel The Catcher in The Rye, written by J. D Salinger and the film Igby goes Down, directed by Burr Steers check out the problems of non-conformity, through 2 different methods. Igby goes Down offers us with a modern day interpretation of Salinger’s novel, The Catcher in the Rye, and by doing so; we have the ability to much better understand the values and attitudes of non-conformity. Both the unique and the movie follow the lives of their main lead characters, Holden Caulfield and Igby Slocumb respectively as they try to find the meaning of life, and where they suit, whilst rebelling versus society. Holden’s battles while maturing are shown through his consistent stream of awareness, his ideals and importance throughout the text. On the other hand, Igby’s non-conformist attitude is represented through his clothes, values and beliefs. Both differ as outcomes of contextual influence. 3. A main problem associated in both contexts is the failure of achieving the American dream.

Holden declines the American dream as he understands it is not possible for him to attain it without becoming a “phoney” through all the corruption. By doing so, he is able to be devoid of the world with the ideas that he dislikes. This links greatly to his approach of self-protection which is isolation. 4. Holden acknowledges that he is in school to study so that he can “learn adequate to be smart sufficient to be able to buy a god damn Cadillac someday.” Salinger sees the American Dream as something Caulfield can not attain, or does not attain due to the fact that he doesn’t want to become a phoney during the process.

The contextual impact upon the American Dream is that this idea was post WWII and that those who achieved the American Dream prospered and would lead happy lives. 5. Jason, Igby’s daddy cracks under excellent pressure after achieving the American Dream. While in the shower, he has a psychological break down and admits to Igby: “This excellent pressure is coming down on me, squashing me.” This quote reveals us that the American dream did not enable Jason to be complimentary, and after seeing this challenging sight, Igby chooses to get away the American way of living, and his rebellion versus society outcomes. 6.

The context of the movie affects the views towards the American dream. Guide acknowledges that the American dream will supply the getting of track record and materialistic satisfaction, however none of the characters discussed in the movie and unique reach the supreme objective of satisfaction, and hence, the upper class discover themselves caught within the concept of the American Dream, and possibly end up like Jason. 7. Holden is a teenager who refuses to mature due to the fact that he hesitates of acquiring the duties and concerns that come with the adult years. By doing so, Holden attempts incredibly tough to stay a kid.

For instance, throughout the book, Caulfield does not wish to take responsibility to interact with others who may wish to help him. 8. Therefore, Holden will always try to use some random stranger to go have a beverage with him, as they will not slam him. “Would you care to stop on the way and join me for a mixed drink?” he asks a taxi driver on the way to the Edmond Hotel. The contextual impact represented is of how society will make an individual compromise themselves, Simply put, make a sacrifice to become corrupt, and in Holden’s case, he rejects to do so. 9.

Steers and Salinger use different signs in their respective mediums to reveal the different ideas of non-conformity. When Igby smokes pot in front of the American flag, he defies the primary sign of the American Dream, which is to strive for your nation and you will be rewarded. Steers’ usage of the American flag as an icon with Igby’s actions, is to present this view of non-conformity. Guide attains this greatly through the use of a rising mid electronic camera shot. 10. The video camera focused upon where Igby sits, which remains in front of the American flag. The electronic camera increases with the circulation of the smoke revealing more of the flag.

This video camera shot highlights Steers’ perception of the American Dream and this symbolises Igby’s perception towards the American flag, and for the worth which it represents. Igby is certainly a non-conformist, and is really happy to not adhere. 11. Colour significance is utilized throughout Igby decreases. There are 2 main scenes where this exists. A major scene is when Igby and his sibling, Ollie eliminate their mother Mimi. We see the red lipstick covered lips behind the plastic bag, when they are suffocating her, suggesting death while murdering her.

This is soon juxtaposed by another scene where colour imagery is involved. 12. In a flash-back, where Igby and his household are eating supper together, we see a washed-out cam shot, with all the surroundings really dull and plain, other than for the table’s centre-piece, which is a vase loaded with flowers. This reveals the artificial life put within the lives of the Slocomb family as members like Mimi are discovered to be continuously disrupting it. 13. The red hunting hat is among the most recognizable symbols from Salinger’s unique, The Catcher in the Rye.

It is inseparable from our image of Holden, with good factor: it is a sign of his originality and individuality. It shows that Holden desires to be various from everyone around him and at the very same time, he is extremely awkward about the hat. The existence of the hat mirrors the central dispute in the book: Holden’s need for isolation versus his requirement for companionship. 14. Alienation is likewise another concern checked out by Salinger and Steers. Holden thinks that by isolating himself from society, he is safeguarding himself from the corruptions related to it. Do not ever tell anyone anything. If you do, you start missing everybody”. This quote represents significantly towards Holden’s determination to withstand from forming relationships with others as he will harp on the memories after these people have vanished from his life. 15. The context of the Catcher in the Rye is affected by Steers’ understanding towards the society of America in his period. In the novel we can see that Steers’ does not conceal the truth the American society is corrupt and he utilizes Holden as his “puppet” to reveal his ideas towards this era.

Holden isolates himself to safeguard himself from this corrupt society. This is why we see him as rather of a loner. 16. Igby, on the other hand requires to satisfy people. Igby isolates himself in many circumstances throughout the film; an example of this is when he discovers himself not belonging at the Hamptons mixer. He does make the effort and attempts to make brand-new relationships with other people but mindlessly topples through them, varying from offering drugs for Russel, the drag queen and sleeping with his godfather’s girlfriend, Rachel. 17.

Igby too discovers it difficult to grow as he does not want to inform himself to end up being like his dad who eventually winds up in a mental health institution. Among the ways Igby prevents his education is by asking the schools dad “If paradise is such a terrific location, then how is getting crucified such a huge fucking sacrifice?” By stating so, this makes it difficult for him to develop as he can not accept the society’s morals and beliefs, and selects to think in his own worths and attitudes. 18. The contextual influence differs from that of the Catcher in the Rye, we see that n the novel, Holden attempts to separate himself fantastic from society and also in Igby decreases, and Igby considerably alienates himself from his family. Seclusion can be defined as eliminating yourself from a group or an activity to which one need to be belong or in which one should be included. Even though the film and the book are fifty years apart, there is no contextual influence on the idea of alienation. We see that in Holden and Igby’s case, that “Regardless of context, youth will always select not to conform.” 19. Salinger and Steers have actually used entirely different techniques and approaches to check out the idea of non-conformity.

This may be because of the reality that one uses the medium of a film, whilst the other an unique, or since Salinger held on too firmly to the rights and didn’t desire anyone to copy his fantastic novel. 20. The distinction in context triggers them to utilize various themes and problems, which eventually distinguishes the differences between the two mediums. Utilizing a series of film and literary techniques such as electronic camera shots, metaphors and meaning, Salinger and Steers both check out the values and mindsets of the respective mid-20th century and early 21st century societies. Thank you.

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