How Animal Farm by George Orwell Represents The Russian Revolution
A number of the characters and occasions of Orwell’s novel are depicting those of the Russian Transformation. Generally Manor Farm is a model of Russia, and old Major, Snowball, and Napoleon represent the main figures of the Russian Revolution. Mr Jones represents Nicholas II who was the last Russian emperor. His rule ended in 1917 when he was carried out.
During his reign, the Russian individuals experienced awful hardship and violence, an example of this is the Bloody Sunday massacre in 1905 when unarmed protesters requiring social reforms were massacred by the army at Nicholas’ palace. When the animals were ruled under Jones the animals lead lives of cravings and violence, so where the lives of lots of Russians during Nicholas’ reign. When Russia got in World War I and lost more guys than any country in any previous war, the angered and desperate individuals began striking and rebellions that aimed for the end of Nickolas’ control.
Then civil war started and he was killed in 1917. Old Major is the animal version of Lenin, the leader of the Bolshevik Party that took control in 1917 after Nickolas’ death. As Old Major describes the principles of Animalism, a theory stating that all animals are equal, Lenin was inspired by Karl Marx’s theory of Communism, which says that the “workers of the world” should join against their economic oppressors. As Animalism reveals a world where all animals share whatever on the farm, Communism argues that a “communal” lifestyle will enable all individuals to live lives of equality.
Lenin passed away in 1924 prior to communism removed. Lenin was accountable for changing Russia into the U. S. S. R, the exact same way that Old Major was accountable for transforming Manor Farm into Animal Farm. One of Lenin’s allies was Leon Trotsky, another Marxist thinker. In Animal farm he represent Snowball, who like Trotsky felt that a series of rebellions was necessary to attain the revolution’s aims. Snowball’s plans for the windmill reflect Trotsky’s smart character and concepts about the best ways to put Marxisum’s theories into practice. Trotsky was also the leader of the Red Army.
Ultimately, Trotsky was exiled from the U. S. S. R. and eliminated by Joseph Stalin. Snowball was gone after off of the farm by Napoleon Orwell’s representation of Stalin. Like Napoleon, Stalin was unconcerned with disputes and concepts. Instead, he wanted power for its own sake and by 1927 had actually assumed total control of the Communist Party through acts of terror. Napoleon’s pet dogs represent Stalin’s secret authorities that he utilized to remove his opposition. As Napoleon gains control under the guise of enhancing the animals’ lives, Stalin utilized a great deal of propaganda to make the Russian individuals side with him.
Molotov symbolized by Squealer in the book. Molotov who presented himself as an idealist working for change. A great deal of events in the novel are based upon ones that took place during Stalin’s guideline. The Fight of the Cowshed represents the Civil War that took place after the 1917 Revolution. Jones and Frederick represent Adolf Hitler, who created an alliance with Stalin in 1939 however then discovered himself battling Stalin’s army in 1941. Frederick seems like an ally of Napoleon’s, however his forged banknotes expose his true character.
The confessions and executions of the animals reflect the different purges and “reveal trials” that Stalin performed to rid himself of any possible danger of been rebelled against. The Battle of the Windmill shows the U. S. S. R.’s participation in The second world war particularly the Fight of Stalingrad in 1943, when Stalin’s forces beat Hitler. Finally, the card video game at the novel’s end parallels the Tehran Conference (November 28-December 1, 1943), where Stalin, Winston Churchill, and Franklin D Roosevelt met to go over the methods to forge an enduring peace after the war. Dylan Young