Homo economicus in Robinson Crusoe
Daniel Defoe’ Robinson Crusoe takes a crucial place in the history of the English book, since it was the very first time that a constant prose narrative had actually been written with the specific aim of developing the illusion of day-to-day living. Robinson Crusoe is quite a product of his age, the individualistic-minded eighteenth century. The Economic Individualism in Robison Crusoe shows the mindsets of a eighteenth century British person. Daniel Defoe provides Robison Crusoe as a merchant of the eighteenth century ho was going to his Brazilian plantations, when his ship was trashed and he was the only survivor in an island that he called “the island of Misery”. Crusoe faced countless troubles. For fifteen years he has a hard time alone to build a comfy house, to grow crops and raise goats, to make clothing and tools, and, most challenging of all, to combat off isolation and misery. We can observe that Defoe focuses on Crusoe battles with practical issues. Robison Crusoe is an illustration ofhomo economicus, hat is, economic man that symbolizes the new outlook of individualism in its financial aspect. All Defoe’s heroes pursue money, and we can see this really clearly in Robinson Crusoe– the story starts Robinson Crusoe going to his Brazilian plantation, nevertheless his ship was damaged and he was the only survivor in an island. And in this island, he concerns the island mainly as a home to be developed for his own usage. Additionally, we observe that the eighteenth century affected Robinson Crusoe. He was an useful man.
Also, we see that he did not want to adjust himself to the wild environment. He attempted to adapt the environment replicating whatever according to his society, to put it simply, he was influenced by the social and economic company of the location that he used to live. When Robinson Crusoe started to look for a place in the island, in order to develop a house, we can recognize that he wished to represent his life in England in the island. As the time gone by, Crusoe started to set his regimen, that is, he organized himself and stablished time to sleep, to work, to eat, and every else. This attitude reveals that the typical specific economic life under division of labor as interesting of inspiring. The aspects of the individualism, showing in Robinson Crusoe, Defoe represents precisely the type of attitudes, which were ultimately to make Britain the richest country on the planet and lead it to develop a vast empire, and shows the attitudes of a eighteenth century British citizen.