George Orwell– Animal Farm
Books are a medium through which the author can reveal his views; whether they concern social injustices, current issues, or in Orwell’s case, politics. For centuries writers have actually weaved their opinions into their work, communicating to the reader exactly what they planned. “Orwell saw himself as a violent unmasker of released pretentiousness, hypocrisy and self-deceit, telling individuals what they did not wish to hear.” (Crick, 244). Orwell accomplishes this unmasking of these exteriors through his use of rhetorical methods to relay his views to the reader.
Through his books and essays, George Orwell has found a forum in which he can reveal his opinions, merging his political beliefs with a satiric quality all his own. A piece of literature that illustrates his capability to do this with unmatched skill and relentless satire is Animal Farm. Jeffrey Meyers said of Orwell’s novel, “In this fable about a barnyard revolt Orwell produced a satire that particularly attacked the consequences of the Russian Transformation while recommending the factors for the failure of the majority of revolutionary suitables” (339 ).
In the book, the reader is provided a scenario in which the animals are fed up with the overindulgent, unappreciative humans that run their farm. They choose a rebellion would cure their issues and so they revolt. Nevertheless, they soon understand that the uprising was the simple part. Now they need to establish a government with leaders and rules. The pigs are the self-appointed leaders because they are the smartest and cleverest of all the animals. The two pigs with the most power and persuasion are Snowball and Napoleon.
The farm starts to run like a democracy, and all the animals are satisfied up until Napoleon runs Snowball out of the farm with a pack of wild dogs. After the exile of Snowball, the animals on the farm increasingly end up being oppressed and Napoleon slowly begins to resemble a dictator. Throughout Animal Farm, Orwell’s primary weapon of option is his stinging satire. In truth, the entire book can be deemed a one hundred page satiric take a look at politics and human life. Not just do we see humans being toppled by pigs and chickens but all the animals can talk and some can even read and write.
Naming among the pigs Napoleon is likewise significant because as Meyers puts it, “The carefully chosen names are both reasonable and highly suggestive of their owners’ characters and functions in the fable” (353 ). Later on in the story after Napoleon takes over we see him stating days of event on his birthday and not permitting the other animals to call him Napoleon but rather “our Leader, associate Napoleon” (Orwell, 66). Orwell utilizes satire here by looking like the conceit of this pig leader to that of the well-known conceit of the French leader Napoleon.
Orwell satirizes the impacts alcohol has on individuals as well. After a night of intoxicated madness, the pigs are horrified in the early morning to find out that their precious leader Napoleon is, in fact, passing away. Since of this catastrophe Napoleon decrees that any animal that drinks alcohol would be penalized by death, even going as far as creating a brand-new rule. After realizing that he was simply hung over, Napoleon commemorates with more drinking, orders a field to be planted with barley, and alters the commandment from “No animal will drink alcohol” to “No animal shall consume alcohol to excess” (77 ).
Not just does Orwell use satire in Animal Farm, he employs this method throughout most of his writings. Orwell satirizes the British police in an expertly composed and clearly detailed essay called “Shooting an Elephant.” An example of this is when Orwell says “In Moulmein, in lower Burma, I was hated by great deals of individuals the only time in my life that I have been essential enough for this to happen to me” (Orwell, 1).
Orwell uses satire to lighten up a work of literature and explain in a not so flattering way the injustices and ironies of society and politics. Animal Farm was the very first book in which I tried, with full consciousness of what I was doing, to fuse political purpose and creative purpose into one whole.” This quote from Orwell in his essay “Politics and the English Language” (Orwell, 5) specifically illustrates what Orwell tried to do and achieved in Animal Farm. Jeffrey Meyers said Orwell,” brilliantly provides a satiric allegory of Communist Russia in which virtually every information has political significance” (353 ). The characters of Napoleon and Snowball are representative of Russian communist leaders Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky.
Napoleon (Stalin) takes control of the farm in much the same way Stalin slyly took control of Russia; Snowball (Trotsky) goes from being an effective leader to being banished and practically assassinated by Napoleon (Stalin). “Both characters are drawn totally and precisely, and show nearly all the dominant qualities of the historic models.” (Meyers, 353). The battle between Snowball and Napoleon is a battle “within the celebration elite whose result, whichever had won, would have been the increased consolidation and centralization of power into the hands of the pigs” (Woodcock, 2578).
I saw a little kid, maybe ten years old, driving a big cart-horse along a narrow course, whipping it whenever it tried to turn. It struck me that if only such animals ended up being mindful of their strength we should have no power over them, and that males exploit animals in similar method as the abundant exploit the proletariat (Orwell, 70). This quote from George Orwell offers his thinking for picking the farm as the background to his political myth. Orwell uses the animals to represent the bad of society. Unlike the pigs who are informed yet lazy, the remainder of the animals on the farm are hardworking yet dumb.
A character that represents this idea is the diligent Boxer. Boxer is a strong and effective horse who can just remember the alphabet until the letter D; yet his maxim is “I will work more difficult” (Orwell, Animal Farm 22). The animals, such as Boxer, are employed by Orwell to make the reader think of the bad and impoverished as the animals in the story, powerful but uneducated. Orwell feels sorry for the animals in the book; perhaps it was due to the fact that he grew up demeaned by his social standings, discussing that his experiences throughout his academic year cultivated his severe sensitivity to social victimization (Meyers, 339).
Throughout Animal Farm the reader detects Orwell’s immense dislike of the Communist government through the rise and eventual failure of Napoleon. This extreme disgust for the Communist celebration was more than likely due to the fact that Orwell the British becoming allies with the Russians and not acknowledging the faults of the Communist federal government. In theory, Napoleon’s rules and modifications seemed like an unbelievable concept; however, like Communism, wound up dividing the leaders from the animals much more than when the oppressive Mr. Jones was the human owner of the farm.
Napoleon failed to supply sufficient quantities of food for the animals who were not pigs, as in a Communist nation where the rich keep getting richer and the poor keep getting poorer. In the end of the book the pigs begin walking on their hind legs and taking on other qualities most typically credited to people, the very ones the animals revolted against and swore they would never ever look like. Orwell utilizes the increase to power of Napoleon to demonstrate the theme that “when in power, the advanced ends up being as tyrannical as his oppressor” (Meyers, 353).
The slow but definite injustice of the animals is clear from the beginning of Napoleon’s rule; yet the only ones to notice this is the reader. The animals don’t understand this till the single commandment Napoleon chooses to rule by is “All animals are equivalent however some animals are more equal than others” (Orwell, 10). The last scene in the book in which Orwell’s political preferences and disgusts are the most unique is when the oppressed animals consider the pigs and humans stating, “The animals outside looked from pig to guy, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was difficult to state which was which” (101 ).
Throughout Animal Farm, Orwell utilizes rhetorical techniques to assist the reader in realizing the political innuendos he just and thoroughly wove into the book. Orwell foreshadows the occasions that will take place with subtle hints and hints. Orwell ideas the reader in to the possible Communist-like future of the farm by saying, “All that year the animals worked like servants. But they mored than happy in their work; they grudged no effort or sacrifice, well aware that whatever they did was for the advantage of themselves and those of the kind who would come after them, and not for a pack of idle, thieving humans” (44 ).
Orwell uses this excerpt to depict to the audience the thoughts of the animals who were” accepting the truth that no matter what the pigs might do, no animal wants to be ruled once again by Farmer Jones or his kind” (Woodcock, 2577). After reading this excerpt and then seeing the slave-like conditions the animals remain in by the end of the book, one can infer through Orwell’s usage of foreshadowing that the oppression and unfair treatment of the animals was a likely outcome.
Orwell likewise uses characterization by attributing human qualities to the animals, offering the impression that “we practically no place feel that we remain in an animal world” (Levburn, 220). Orwell uses Napoleon to represent the totalitarian, Fighter to represent the over-worked lower classes, and the old goat Benjamin to represent the always skeptical few. Orwell does not fully develop these characters due to the fact that he utilizes them to portray character types with easily recognizable character characteristics (216 ).
Through his usage of these strategies, Orwell achieves his tiny eproduction of the Russian Transformation in the early 20th Century. Experiences from one’s life shape and mold the individual one is, whether good or bad. The exact same applies for Orwell. His skepticism of federal governments and politics might be traced back to his days as a police officer for the Indian Imperial Cops where he was stationed in Burma. There, he came across the severe reality of colonial rule and unjust treatment of the lower classes. Disgusted with that life, Orwell left the police but didn’t forget the important things he had witnessed.
Remembering the injustices he saw during those previous experiences, Orwell employed in the British Army and combated Fascism in the Spanish Civil War, promoting his hatred for overbearing federal governments. Several of Orwell’s books handle the sort of victimization he saw in Burma and Spain and even experienced in his own life (Crick, 271). George Orwell effectively communicates what he meant to through a simplified style of composing that is strong, to the point, and gives the reader only the impression which he desired.
His usage of satire integrated with a headstrong political opinion produces for the reader ideas and concerns that were not there when one opened the pages of a book such as Animal Farm and started the journey selected for them by Orwell. Orwell is an author who not only provides the reader home entertainment and satisfaction, but is set out to make the reader believe and feel what the characters who are being victimized think and feel like. He is on an objective to make the reader contemplate the injustices of society and the political regimes that run our countries, our world.
George Orwell did not set out to create books that kindly represent everybody, even the tyrants. He set out to produce books and literature that may have surprised some readers initially however without a doubt told the truth. Orwell when stated, “Possession of the reality’ is lesser than psychological genuineness.” Orwell is unwavering in his commitment to make the masses aware of the oppressions, victimizations, and corrupt politics. A writer’s just and best weapon is his words; Orwell chooses his words wisely. They can be bitter or sweet, however they always communicate truths about the world neglected by many but seen and discussed by Orwell.