“Freud’s analysis of Sophocles’ Oedipus Tyrannus is ludicrous.” Discuss This essay will talk about the analysis of Oedipus Tyrannus by Freud and whether his analysis holds any weight in using it to help his own theory, the Oedipus complex, or whether it was an absurd reading of the play itself. Freud’s theory will be explored first, before moving on to take a look at the analysis itself.
This will offer a strong sense of how the Oedipus complex happens in a child and assistance in the discussion as to whether Oedipus may have been fulfilling this unconscious desire.
The conversation will also discuss Freud’s belief that it is his own theory that describes the factor for the play’s long-lasting success. Sigmund Freud is the dad of a branch of psychology that he called psychoanalysis, in addition to having a remarkable influence in how modern psychology has actually established because the turn of the 20th Century. Freud was born upon Might 6th 1856. The very first referral to Freud having used Sophocles’ Oedipus Tyrannus to assist enhance his theory of the Oedipus complex, which is discussed listed below, and likewise the first reference of the Oedipus complex completely comes in 1900 in Freud’s The Interpretation of Dreams.
Nevertheless, in The Interpretation of Dreams the theory is clearly only just starting to be designed by Freud as it is not until 1910 that the term ‘Oedipus compex’ is initially used. To be able to comprehend Freud’s analysis of Oedipus Tyrannus it is vital to understand what the Oedipus complex really refers to. Prior to going over the Oedipus complex it is important to discuss the earlier psychosexual development of a child, which leads into the advancement of the Oedipus complex. The first 2 phases, or the ‘pregenital’ phases, start very early in life.
The very first is the oral phase, unsurprisingly, as babies first derive sexual enjoyment mostly through the mouth; such as tasting, sucking, and making sounds. This phase is followed by the anal stage, in which the baby has actually found the rectum. This phase is concentrated on the control of the self and gives the baby the first chance to gain a sense of self-reliance and achievement through discovering to manage the bowel and bladder. With the next stage, the phallic phase, the Oedipus complex tarts emerges. It is throughout this time that the baby discovers the distinction between a boy and lady, the kid starts to see the daddy as a rival for his mother’s love, but likewise establishes a worry of the dad becoming a rival for the mother’s love. Alongside these advancements the kid finds the genital area as an erogenous zone. The ‘castration complex’ can develop throughout this period and it is important to think about the male and female kid as, ‘with penis’ or ‘castrated’, relatively.
Freud thought that the male child saw the female kid as a castrated kid and hence the outcome of, what seemed to be typical in the millenium, the risk of parents informing young boys to stop having fun with their genital areas or they will be cut off. The young kid now believes that the dad ends up being a genuine threat to the love for his mother. Between the age of four and five, Freud believed that the child establishes sexual sensations for his mother, and along with this wishes to have total possession of her and hence hostile sensations develop towards the dad.
Nevertheless, the possibility of castration that the young boy has understood to be seen in the naked girl, poses a horrific possibility to the boy. With the loss of his penis at stake, as in the young kid’s mind this is the kind of retaliation the dad will take to any hostile action from the kid, the young boy focuses his attention towards other feminine sources for sexual complete satisfaction. This is the Oedipus complex set out as unobstructed development of the young kid and variations to this development through youth is how Freud can explain ‘irregular’ sexual behavior.
For the young girl the Oedipus complex follows a different path once the difference in between boy and woman has actually been understood. The absence of a penis is seen, through the young girl’s eyes, as the fault of her mom, due to the fact that of this the woman moves away from the requirement to have the mom and begins to wish for the dad in a likewise sexual way and the long for him to fertilize her. It is the resulting kid that Freud imagines can ‘cure’ the girl of her ‘penis envy’ seeing the child as a replacement for the missing organ.
For Freud nevertheless the female never ever truly surpasses this stage of penis envy. With Freud’s analysis of Sophocles’ Oedipus Tyrannus it is the male side of the Oedipus complex that is discussed. It is obvious that Oedipus indeed performs the actions that one would credit to the desires of the Oedipus complex being satisfied: The murder of his daddy and the sexual union with his mom. Freud’s interpretation, however, appears to easily ignore particular aspects of Sophocles’ Oedipus Tyrannus, which upon assessment offer obstacles for Freud’s theory to browse.
In the advancement of his theory on the Oedipus complex, Freud undertook a lot of self analysis and as such it is doubtful as to how generalised his thoughts can be utilized to understand the human development. Freud had actually seen the play Oedipus Tyrannus and; “saw himself in a very concrete sense as Oedipus.” With this in mind Freud’s interpretation of Oedipus Tyrannus is not decreased in itself, however this does have bearings on his analysis as evidence of the Oedipus complex. Catastrophe, as in all art types, is open to interpretation no matter what the initial artist planned as the significance.
For Freud, Oedipus represents the fulfilment of the early libidos towards the mom and the aggressive behaviour towards the daddy. However, that Oedipus does not understand that these 2 people are his biological parents appears to belittle Freud’s usage of Oedipus as an exemplum for his theory. Freud’s usage of Oedipus is meant to reveal that the Oedipus complex “transcends time and place.” That Oedipus has a lack of knowledge of his real moms and dads does not seem to impact Freud in his use of Oedipus in this way. In my viewpoint, nevertheless, this usage is badly at chances to the point that Freud attempts to make.
A kid, according to the Oedipus complex, that matured with non-biological moms and dads should have had little to no effect upon the early stages that cause the advancement of the Oedipus complex, thus little to no result upon the complex itself. Oedipus was sent out away as an infant to be eliminated, but rather matured with various parents. This, therefore, gives no reason to think that the concept that Oedipus sleeping with his biological mother and eliminating his biological daddy is the Oedipus complex understanding itself within Oedipus.
The analysis by Freud appears to have actually utilized the appeal of Oedipus Tyrannus, at the time he was developing his theory, to help in popularising and describing the Oedipus complex. Although Freud himself appears to have thought that Oedipus was, indeed, a good example of his theory: Broken down merely his argument runs, 1. There is a universal psychological conflict (Oedipus complex), as I have found in my medical experience. 2. This is validated by a drama which has universal efficiency. 3.
Why this drama is generally reliable can just be understood if my hypothesis is right. This referral to why the drama is universally reliable is Freud’s belief that the play in itself is not that challenging a concept. According to Freud it is just if his theory is appropriate that the ability of Oedipus Tyrannus to have had the “universal power to move” at all. This clinical sounding argument leaves little choice for Freud to be wrong, as the play has actually certainly enjoyed countless years of success.
This, nevertheless, is according to Freud. Freud’s analysis of Sophocles’ Oedipus Tyrannus seems to continuously leave definitely no room for a lack of the Oedipus complex existing. Throughout Freud appears to have missed what lots of people miss out on in Oedipus Tyrannus, Some readers of the Oedipus Rex have told me that they find its environment suppressing and overbearing: they miss the awful exaltation that a person receives from Antigone or the Prometheus Vinctus. They miss the guts of Oedipus, he knows of his fate and yet he carries on.
His blinding represents the fumbling of humanity for the truth worldwide and it is in this strength represented Oedipus that a person can acquire the terrible exaltation typically anticipated from a Disaster. Freud’s analysis of Sophocles’ Oedipus Tyrannus can not be said to be a straight-out absurd interpretation. It is clear to see, when taking a look at the Oedipus complex, that Oedipus fulfils the precise fantasy of the young ‘Freudian’ boy. The Killing of his father and having a sexual relationship with his mom, nevertheless, when the interpretation is taken a look at closely it is obvious to see that there are clear defects.
The procedure of the advancement of the Oedipus complex can not occur effectively if among the moms and dads is absent from childhood, let alone both of them. Oedipus satisfies the dream of the young boy, but with the ‘wrong’ moms and dads, despite the fact that they are his biological parents. The concept that the Oedipus Tyrannus portrays the idea that no matter who, where, or when we exist, the complex is unavoidable even if it remains in the subconscious ‘is’ ludicrous. If this was the case then it would have been the king and queen of Corinth that were associated with this play, Oedipus’ adoptive parents.
That Freud felt a fantastic similarity between himself and Oedipus is not ridiculous, in and of itself, it is the belief that his own self-analytical ideas and the actions of Oedipus are in fact similar that brings the analysis into question. Oedipus acted without understanding of his true parents, whereas Freud knew his parents and is talking about fantasy from youth rather than actual action. The idea that Freud’s theory provides a reason for Oedipus Tyrannus’ success is certainly ridiculous in nature. Oedipus is the agent of the, albeit tragic, character of determination.
He understands his fate yet continues to find the reality, even after he has actually blinded himself he does not rest till he has made it to the site where he is prophesied to come to peace. Freud’s analysis of Sophocles’ Oedipus Tyrannus has numerous ridiculous aspects to it, however the use to which Freud utilizes his analysis does retain an element of reliability. Bibliography * Armstrong, R. H. Oedipus as Evidence: http://www. clas. ufl. edu/ipsa/journal/ articles/psyart1999/oedipus/ armstr01. htm (1998) * Gay, P the Freud reader (Classic 1995) * Storr, A. Freud, An extremely brief introduction (Oxford Uni. Press 1989) * Dodds, E. R.
On misconstruing the Oedipus Rex Ed. E. Segal (Oxford Uni. Press 1983) * Simon, B. And Blass, R. The advancement and turnarounds of Freud’s concepts on the Oedipus complex Ed. Neu, J (Cambridge Uni. Press 1991)——————————  Gay(1995)xxxi  Gay (1995) 273  Storr (1989) 33  Storr (1989) 34  Simon and Blass (1991)170  Simon and Blass(1991)171  Oedipus as Proof: http://www. clas. ufl. edu/ipsa/journal/ articles/psyart1999/oedipus/ armstr01. htm(1998)[ 8] Oedipus as Proof: http://www. clas. ufl. edu/ipsa/journal/ articles/psyart1999/oedipus/ armstr01. htm