Literary narratives such as the Greek and the Roman mythologies have actually played an excellent part on the development of societies worldwide. Particularly in the context of western civilization, the mythologies of the Greeks and the Romans considerably shaped the culture of this area. Aside from its culture, it also extremely influenced its society in general.
In fact, politics and religious beliefs are also discussed in the light of the Greek and Roman mythologies.
In this paper, it will explore on the Greek mythology through the misconception on the ‘Odyssey’. More specifically, it will highlight on its main character by the name of Odysseus or Ulysses. Through this character, this paper will be able to explain the role of myth on the changing cultural cosmetics of Greece. In particular, this misconception will serve as an instrument in recognizing the way Greeks perceive and use mythologies. Lastly, this paper will also provide the different bottom lines of the misconception.
The Odyssey is an epic of Homer about the adventures of Odysseus. Specifically, this misconception is considered as the follow up to the earliest widely known making it through operate in Western literature which is the ‘Iliad’. In comparison to many sequels in today age, the ‘Odyssey’ is thought about to be unique since of its originality and even stands as an independent work. (Napierkowski, 1998a)
It has been said that its main character, Odysseus, has actually been a well known hero in the Greek mythology. Being the central character in the ‘Odyssey’, he is best known for is experiences throughout his ten-year journey house after the Trojan War. His journey to house on Ithaca took ten years due to the fact that of the anger of the sea god Poseidon. Throughout his journey and adventures, the hero went to numerous wondrous and dangerous places. Along the method, he lost all his buddies and the treasure he had gotten from Troy Arriving house at last after a lack of 20 years, Odysseus had to beat rivals trying to acquire his partner and his kingdom. Then he needed to prove his identity to his wife, Penelope. (Wickersham, 2000)
The experiences of Odysseus are highlighted by his accomplishment of triumph in numerous obstacles or struggles. Amongst this is the encounter with the Ciconians, the Lotus-eaters, Polyphemus, Aeolus, the Laestrygonians, Circe, Journey to the underworld, the sirens, Scylla and Charybdis, the cattle of Helios in addition to the Calypso and the Phaecians. More importantly, one can also include the difficulties he obtained upon his arrival in Ithaca due to the suitors of his better half, Penelope. Eventually, all of these trials were conquered by Odysseus. For that reason, he was dubbed as a hero. Additionally, the qualities he manifested during his trials were considered as the qualities of a real or true hero.
Undoubtedly, the voyages and problems experienced by Odysseus highlights the idea of heroism, commitment, imagination and order. In addition, the ‘Odyssey’ is also well-known for its use of symbolism along with for the speed and range of its action. With this, both the ‘Iliad’ and the ‘Odyssey’ set the standard by which legendary poetry, if not all poetry of any kind, was judged in the past 1,500 years. More importantly, the story on the wanderings of Odysseus has actually remained a seasonal preferred to the present day. (Napierkowski, 1998a)
Basically, the appeal of the ‘Odyssey’ is derived from its nature as being able to provide the Greek individuals as well as the lifestyle in ancient Greek society. In short, the story serves as an archetype to various societies and not simply the Greek community. Particularly, the characters of Penelope and Odysseus function as a role model to the plethora. Their way of living has been the idealized life of the numerous. Until today, the ethical of the story has continuously been resonated to individuals of any culture or ethnic group.
Additionally, the style of human condition is the most important style in the ‘Odyssey’. In the story, almost every aspect of humanity is portrayed- good, bad, young, old, individuals and groups, the living and even the dead. Other themes also include love and commitment, order and condition, heroic craftiness, the nature of women, triumph over temptation, home, the legendary journey, the God’s participation, vengeance, heroism and, imagination, creativity and deception.(Napierkowski, 1998b)
Undoubtedly, the story of Odysseus made a fantastic influence on the society of the Greek people. In truth, even in today day, the story on the experiences of this terrific hero is still related to many people all over the world. In the contemporary society, people have actually created a modern version of the ‘Odyssey’ through the help of media technology. This is evident on the animated version of this story in order to cater the needs of the kids or the young generation.
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Wickersham, John M. (Ed). (2000 ). Odysseus. Myths and Legends of the World. Macmillan: Thomson Wind.