Dumas’ the Count of Monte Cristo
Historic analysis of Dumas’ The Count of Monte Cristo Alexander Dumas’ The Count of Monte Cristo is founded upon historic occasions and political intrigue. He not just uses historical facts to help the reader comprehend, he likewise weaves such details into the story to make it possible for his reader to have an understanding of the current events that were happening in France, during that time (from approx. 1815 through 1838). Dumas would want his readers to be familiar with French history, and to have it in their mind as they read his beloved tale.
In the 1800’s Marseilles was among the largest ports in the south of France with a “population in between 93,000 and 110,000”, hence trade thrived and it was house to many merchants, and businesses (Marseilles). This is where our story of revenge begins. Marseilles was the hometown of Edmond who we satisfy as an ignorant sailor who is later on to end up being put behind bars as a political crook, and changed for life. Marseilles was likewise the house to both Edmond’s dad who dies of appetite soon after his kid was imprisoned, and Edmonds lovely, and noble future husband Mercedes who was a bad, Catalan.
After Dantes’ imprisonment Mercedes cared for his daddy till he passed. She lost faith of Dantes ever being released from prison and back by her side, there for she felt she had no choice however to wed Fernand Mondego when he asked for her hand in marriage. Fernand Mondego was the jealous angler who likewise betrayed Dantes since he too loved Mercedes. Mondego saw, and took the opportunity to prevent their love for one another. Military success brought Mondego a fortune, which enabled him to alter his name to Count de Morcef, making Mercedes the Countess.
The Morrel family (the owners of the ship, Pharaon), were likewise citizens of Marseilles. Mr. Morrel felt a great deal of empathy for Dantes’ family which compelled him to not only invest with excellent effort, his money and time in an attempt to keep Dantes from an un-warranted life in jail but, he likewise paid for Dantes’ daddy’s burial. The cards were stacked versus Dantes, and even with the support of M. Morrel, his future was composed. When Edmond left from jail he visited M. Morrel who was in the depths of despair, and pondering thoughts of suicide since he might no longer support him self financially.
Dantes seeing him as a righteous male who had actually once gone to fantastic lengths, and knowing the efforts taken by Morrel in attempt to conserve him from prison, Dantes felt forced, and anonymously made a monetary contribution to Morrel, which, conserved him from ruin. While Dantes never ever revealed himself as the factor Morrel thought that it was he, and on his deathbed Morrel discusses to his family that he thinks that their finical savior was undoubtedly Edmond Dantes. The prosecutor of Marseilles, who was eventually responsible for Dantes’ incarceration, was Monsieur de Vellefort.
Vellefort’s dad was a recognized Bonapartist. Vellefort who disagreed with his dad’s stance, and as the district attorney decidedly took an extremely extreme stance on his policy in handling Bonapartist conspirators. Vellefort looked for to protect his own name by positioning Edmond in prison as a political conspirator due to the fact that he understood, and feared the letter Dantes carried could be traced back to his (Vellefort’s) daddy so, he utilized his power in a misdirected manor to which he would later on suffer at the hands of Dantes.
Danglars was a male driven by non-other than jealousy who likewise lived in Marseilles at the time. He disliked that Dantes had been advanced to Captain of the Pharaon instead of him, and sought out a plot in which Dantes could be caught with the letter to stain his name, leaving Danglar’s the only choice to fill his function as captain. After Edmond’s imprisonment Danglars undoubtedly became the captain and eventually graduated his position to a lender. As a lender he had the ability to obtain an amazing fortune where he then became a Baron. In the end Monte Cristo ruined Danglars by damaging his fortune.
Dumas purposely developed each of these characters to have start in a position of hardship, showing us how they were either atrocious in their increase to fortune, and would ultimately be destroyed by Dantes’revenge. Or, Dumas showed the character to be virtuous with their fortune, and power eventually to be saved, or spared by our lead character. He also showed us these characters development from the bottom of the socioeconomic structure, eventually prospering into wealth, their bye revealing us, [the reader] there were no misgivings of old money or new throughout these times in France.
Each of these characters increased in the echelons, and were afforded the ability to acquire a title and were able re-create themselves within society in a way to which they considered worthwhile of their generated fortunes. This capability for one to somewhat obtain a title offers us a terrific sense of the modifications that were occurring throughout that time, it was no longer about being of royal blood that gave you trustworthiness, or value, but about how hard one worked to advance themselves and acquire their fortune.
In the opening scenes of the story Danglars, who is the ships “supercargo” reports to the ships owner once they docked in Marseilles, that Edmond, acting on what was the last dying dream of his captain, had stopped at the island of Elba to recover a letter that was addressed to Noirtier (Dumas 5). In fulfilling his captains last coloring desire, Edmond’s unconsciously recovered a letter from Napoleon personally, making it appear as though he was conspiring with the then banished Napolean, which he himself was a Bonapartist.
Napoleon had actually been a soldier and then went on to end up being Emperor of France in the early 1800’s. It was after the Reign Of Terror that Napoleon was chosen First consul of France. Napoleon made many excellent changes for his nation. He brought much needed structure back to France. He started by executing better education, settling France’s financial obligation, and altering the structure of his army. He allowed not only the wealthy to increase within the ranks, but affording the impoverished the same chance of development within the ranks as they showed their worth, and showcased their talents.
Napolean’s army was no longer based upon financial stature, but one that managed an equivalent playing field to every guy (as long as they were anglo). Napoleon also applied this same thought process into the civilian realm of France too. In an effort to expand France’s territory he invaded Russia. This intrusion ended up being one of Napoleon’s greatest defeats. During this excellent siege Napoleon was out steered by Russia’s Alexander I, this led to a defeat, and a loss of almost 500,000 French troops.
Not long after he stepped down as consul and was gotten rid of to the island of Elba. Throughout this time, there were people who still loved and supported what he had actually done for France; these people were considered to be Bonapartist’s. There were likewise members of the French nobility (and much of Europe’s) who abhored Napoleon, they desired absolutely nothing more than to see him eliminated; they called themselves royalists. Dumas wanted this plainly specified so the reader would feel the internal power struggle between Bonapartist and Royalists. One of these royalists was a male called Villefort.
He occurred to be the prosecutor Edmonds faced in Marseilles. Villefort understood complete well that Edmond was an innocent male, and not a Bonapartist, however made a computed choice to safeguard his own ambitions, because it was his (Villefort’s) daddies name that was discussed in the letter that Edmonds had returned from Napoleon. His dad was a known Bonapartist, so in an effort to show support to the royalists, and detered the Bonapartist efforts, Villefort secretly sentenced Edmond to the political prison of Chateau d’if.
Dantes was tossed into Chateau d’ if, and forgotten for fourteen years. During the first couple of years of his jail time Dantes’ father died of starvation, and Mercedes married Fernand; both of which he is entirely uninformed of. As time passed he became increasingly more delusional, and even started to consider suicide. All the while, his previous employer Morrel made efforts to find Dontes in an attempt to try to have him launched, however was unable to find his place. The Chateau d’if, where our fictional character Dantes was locked up, remained in reality a real jail fortress.
It was “constructed by the French King Francis I in 1524” on an island in the bay roughly one mile off the coast of Marseille (Chateau d’if). It’s was initially created and was planned to be a defense reaction against would be opponents of Marseille, however soon became the house to, “3,500 Huguenots (French Protestants) who made their keep as galley slaves”(Marseille-Provence). This rocky, beach front setting is where Edmond Dantes was destined carry out his unwarranted sentence, and invested fourteen long years of his life; just a stone get rid of from Marseille, yet no one might locate him.
Many of the chateau’s actual guests appear to have had the typical theme of being baseless detainees. It was not unusual throughout the time for individuals to be “put behind bars without trial under so-called lettres de prestige, supposedly signed by the King, for minor misdemeanors (a popular ploy utilized by moneyed households to get rid of rowdy offspring without triggering a public scandal)”(Marseille-Provence). Funnily enough, among Napoleons Civil Codes necessitated it legal for a daddy to imprison a child for up to 1 month.
A lot of the Chateau’s inhabitants were lost in the shuffle, and locked up for as long as the family wanted. This island for misfits, and undesirable loved ones is also the location where Dantes befriends Abbe Faria, who was likewise a political detainee. The two detainees meet when the Abbe was trying to tunnel his way to liberty; nevertheless, a mistake brought him directly into Dantes’ cell, instead of out to the freedom he had desired. The two recently discovered pals invested the next couple of years passing their time. Abbe dedicated himself to the job of informing Dantes in science, literature languages.
He also assists Dantes figure out whom it was that played crucial parts, and were ultimate responsibility lie for his incarceration. Eventually Abbe started to consider Dantes as the child he never had, and confided in Dantes the area to the surprise fortune. Together the two began preparing their bold escape, understanding all the while that any escape strategy would be tough, if not difficult due to the fact that the jail is completely surrounded by water, and much of the island had vertical cliff walls that would raise the likelihood of injury if not death, while getting away. Thankfully for the pair, they had nothing but time.
Throughout this age in France, prisoners with wealth and title (like the Abbe) could ask for specific products to make their remain a bit more comfortable. The Abbe used this to their benefit, and had the ability to order some tools and trinkets for his cell. The very same factor Abbe was able to buy ornaments is the reason Edmond had none; he was penniless, and unable to acquire items. This was likewise quite indicative of the times; if you were higher up in society, you were able to acquire more advantages in prison, as well as in life. The Abbe died before the two were able to act out their escape strategy.
Thinking quickly on his feet, Dantes had the ability to change his own body in the Abbe’s body bag, strengthening his own escape. The hopes Dantes held onto, and that drove him to be victorious in his escape were gone. When he did lastly acquire his freedom he was faced with the reality that his loved ones were either dead, or had actually proceeded, and it was no longer a possibility to be a part of their life, or the one that he had actually left. He was a guy who needs to choose what it was he was going to end up being, and do with the life that he restored. During this time it is explained that Dantes was having problem with his purpose in life, and felt lost.
It was stated that he felt, “that he comes from no nation, no land, even to the point where he feels more at ease while on the ocean” (D’Ammassa). While considering what he was to end up being and what to do with his life, now that he was a complimentary man Dantes spent some time onboard a ship as a smuggler in the Mediterranean. Where he could challenge his feelings, and choose what is was he wished to do. Throughout one such smuggling journey Dantes had the chance to go to the Island of Monte Cristo where he resigned his position a smuggler and continued to discover the treasure Abbe entrusted him with. The Island of Monte Cristo is indeed an actual island.
It lies in the “Archipelago Toscano National Park” but, is not available to individuals and is now an animal refuge (Montercristo Island). It is presumed that Dumas had actually visited this remote island in 1842 and thought it best for the use as the setting in one of his novels; however, the real island bears little similarity to the one represented in his tale. In the story Edmond finds the treasure that Abbe Faria turned over to him, on this island. The resources from the treasure will ultimately allow him the opportunity to manifest himself into a count, and begin his ascent into righting the wrongs done unto him.
Once his see to the island of Monte Cristo has ended he proceeds to Rome where he remains for a while renewing himself in upscale hotels, and taking stunning ladies to the opera. During his stay there Dantes satisfied Valentine, Villefort’s daughter; this act strikes home deep within Dantes and spurs his retribution into action. Dantes likewise fulfills Albert de Morcerf in Rome, where he assistants in Alberts release from kidnappers. To return this life saving favor Dantes asks Albert to familiarize him with the Parisian aristocrats.
For those people with a hunger for a terrific revenge novel, this is where you can feel the plot start to thicken, and Dumas has you flipping through the pages. With Albert as his guide, Dantes makes his method to Paris where the intrigue magnifies as Dantes began to select off his victim one by one. During the time when Dumas’ tail was released, Paris was the urbane center of France, 600,000 people lived there. It was the mecca for European culture, and sciences, and likewise where many of Dumas’ readers would have lain making Paris an obvious option to set such a tale; the sale of his works to readers in the city were flourishing.
Paris was left in disarray till Napoleon became very first consul. At which time he began to re-model the city, giving it qualities you may have seen in a more as much as date Rome. He included sewage systems, sidewalks bridges, and wharves. These additions not only produced a better economy, but much better living conditions for many. This city full of Parisian culture was also where the Villefort, the Morcerf, and the Danglars households had actually all settled. These families migrated to Paris, and with their freshly acquired wealth started lavishing them selves in a life of high-end.
When in Paris, and with help the Count finds his method into the middle of each of the families, ending up being a most welcome visitor. It is from this calculated position that Dantes has the ability to initiate his strategy and ultimately unravel the successes, and happiness of each of the guys who had at one time or another outlined against him. Dumas, was able to give his reader an understanding of the setting in The Count of Monte Cristo with ease, he merely decorated upon of the historic occasions that were happening prior to his eyes. Dumas expertly looped the political struggle between Napoleon and the Royalists.
By expounding upon widely known, and heavily populated cities such as Marseille, he had the ability to bestow a little bit of history, and broaden his reader’s minds, while likewise adventuring with them to isolated, unsafe places like the Chateau d’if and even Monte Cristo Island. He strengthens the intrigue, threat, and obviously vengeance in his literary work of art, which is sure to continue to mesmerize readers for many generations to come. Works Cited “Chateau d’If”. Encyclop? dia Britannica. Encyclop? dia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2012
This post describes Chateau d’if the little Mediterranean island off the port of Marseille. I wish to have the ability to provide a more accurate advancement of the scene where Dumas’ primary character spent a great part time. This article came from the Encyclopedia Britannica online. D’Ammassa, Don. “The Count of Monte Cristo.” Encyclopedia of Adventure Fiction. New York City: Facts On File, Inc., 2008. Flower’s Literary Recommendation Online. Realities On File, Inc. 15 November 2012. This is a crucial analysis of Dumas’ work priticularly The Count of Monte Cristo. This short article will assist support a few of the ideas in my crucial analysis.
This crucial analysis was discovered at Bloom’s Literary Recommendation on line. Dumas, Alexandre. “The Count of Monte Cristo.” New York: Random House, 1996. Print. This unique by Dumas is a traditional story of an innocent male that was mistakenly but, deliberately put behind bars. It is likewise a tail of the main character, Edmond Dantes’ dazzling strategy of revenge against those who betrayed him. “Elba”. Encyclop? dia Britannica. Encyclop? dia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2012 This short article explains Elba, which the island that Napoleon was exiled to. It gives a historical erspective of the time while Napoleon took refuge there. This article came from the Encyclopedia Britannica online. King, Patricia Ann. “The Count of Monte-Cristo.” Masterplots, 4th Edition. Ed. Laurence W. Mazzeno, fourth ed. Salem Press, 2010. Salem Literature Web. 27 Nov. 2012. This summary and important assessment of The Count of Monte Cristo sheds some light on the fact that the book might have been based on a real story that occurred approx. thirty years prior to the book being written. This summary and critical examination will support the theme and setting. This summary was found at Columbia College Library on line. “Marseille”.
Encyclopeadia Britannica. Encyclopeadia Britannica online. Encyclopedia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2012 This post explains Marseille, which is where the start of our story happens. It gives a historical perspective of life throughout that time. This article originated from the Encyclopedia Britannica online. Marseille-provence. Marseille-provence. information. 2012. Web. 18 November 2012 This a websites knows on Marseille and the Chateau d’if that will help support a few of the realities from my other sources. This article came from a web page at Marseille- provence. details “Montecristo Island”. Encyclop? dia Britannica. Encyclop? ia Britannica Online. Encyclop? dia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2012 This short article describes Montecristo Island of the coast of France, it offers information, and information in regards to the island. This article came from the Encyclopedia Britannica online. Ruppert, Tim. “Bonaparte, Napoleon.” In Maunder, Andrew, ed Encyclopedia of Literary Romanticism. New York City: Infobase Publishing, 2010. Bloom’s Literary Referral Online. Facts On File, Inc. Web. 15 November 2o12. This is a short biography of Napoleon and how he was viewed, particularly by William Wordsworth. Wordsworth pointed out that Napoleon was a danger to Great Britain. This iography will assist support the political scene Edmond Dantes was inadvertently thrown into. This bio was found at Flower’s Literary Referral on line. Taylor, Karen L. “Dumas, Alexandre, pere.” Facts On File Buddy to the French Unique. New York: Truths On File, Inc., 2007. Blossom’s Literary Recommendation Online. Truths On File, Inc. Web. 15 November 2012. This bio of Alexandre Dumas quickly takes you through his life, beginning with his first task as a clerk at notary’s office, eventually to the end of his life where he passed away broke. Karen Taylor’s bio of Aleandre Dumas has insight that will be made use of as supporting information.
This bio was discovered at Flower’s Literary Recommendation online. Taylor, Karen L. “The Count of Monte Cristo.” Facts On File Companion to the French Novel. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2007. Blossom’s Literary Referral Online. Realities On File, Inc. Web. 15 November 2012 This is an analytic take a look at Alexandre Dumas’ dramatic and vengeance filled story The Count of Monte Cristo. The author argues that Dumas utilizes the count as a romantic hero who not only gets his ravage on his good friend that put him in jail, but likewise on the oppressions done by the judicial system during that time. This summary was discovered at Bloom’s Literary Referral online.