Doppelganger in Frankenstein
Frankenstein, Mary Shelley The notion of double in Frankenstein. All along the unique, the theme of the double is reoccurring. The Merriam-Webtser defines a doppelganger as a ghostly counterpart of a living person or the evil alter-ego of a person. In Frankenstein, Mary Shelley utilized that really motif to describe and characterize her characters. Indeed, the Animal can be viewed as the double of Victor. He represents the dark side of Victor.
If Dr Frankenstein appears as a great and totally human and regular guy, Mary Shelley portrays him as the real monster of the story. He is blasphemous, he commits transgressive acts just to follow his fixation and to prove that he is right, that offering life is not a power only dedicated to God. On the contrary, the Beast has a monstrous look, but in truth, the author makes us have compassion with him. She makes of him a discovered, well-educated animal, able to feel remorses and pity, which Victor misses. Victor can also be seen as the doppleganger of Henry Clerval.
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In one hand, Victor embodies the corrupted science, who goes too far and makes weird and dangerous experiments to make development. Undoubtedly, in the novel this extremely character tries to be as good as God. He attempts to produce life, like God developed Adam. However, Victor’s failure frightens him to such a degree that he declines his child/Creature. He learns various subjects, such as alchemy or even anatomy, and misuses his knowledge. On the other side, Henry Clerval is the best archetype of proper science.
Victor embodies bad health, harmful and corrupted knowledge, cowardice, secrecy and death, when it comes to Henry, he personifies peace of mind, vitality, healthy knowledge and life. We might likewise add that the female characters are the equivalent of the male. Women are always passive characters, they never ever take the effort in something and they depend of males, whereas male are constantly undertaking tasks. The female beast is the ideal illustration of that reality: she “waits” for Victor to produce her, in the very same way Elizabeth awaits Victor to come back and wed her.