Death of a Salesman & & Oedipus the King
An overwhelming desire for personal satisfaction and extraordinary track record can frequently result in a sickly twisted distortion of reality. In Sophocles’ Oedipus the King, a man well-known for his intellect and wisdom discovers himself blind to the reality of h life and his parentage. Arthur Miller’s play, The Death of a Salesperson, tells of an awful character so involved his delusional world that reality and illusion fuse triggering an internal explosion that causes his undoing. Each play enacts the strugg of a guy attempting to come to grips with his extreme reality and leaving his comfy fantasy world.
In the end, no male can get away the fact no matter how hard he may fight. In selecting the fragility of illusion over the stability of truth, th characters fulfill their unavoidable downfall. At the minute of his birth, Oedipus receives a prophecy from the Delphic Oracle which specifies his fate, “to grow up to murder his father and wed his mom (Sophocles 22).” Stunned and dismayed by this dreadful prediction, his parents King Laius and een Jocasta of Thebes try to avoid this inescapable curse by turning the baby over to a loyal servant, a Theban shepherd, to take Oedipus to “a woody dell of Cithaeron” to be killed (63 ).
After riveting his ankles together and leaving him to die of the lements, the old shepherd has a change of heart and hands the kid over to a traveling shepherd from Corinth to reclaim to the childless King Polybus and Queen Merope to raise as their own boy. For the next twenty years, Laius and Jocasta guideline in The s thinking their boy to be “eliminated (69 ).” Unfortunately, Hera sends a drought associated with a sphinx to bedevil Thebes. A desperate Laius travels back to the Delphic Oracle for a reading while, in Corinth, Oedipus grows to manhood believing P ybus and Merope, the King and Queen of Corinth, to be his genuine moms and dads.
Quickly, he too finds out of his dreadful fate and seeking to prevent it, he flees Corinth. As fate would have it, along the roadway, Oedipus crosses Laius’ path in an opportunity conference and after arly being “jostled off the road” by Laius, feels “infurious and land [s] him a blow” that eliminates him, unknowingly fulfilling the very first half of the prediction (54 ). Traveling on to Thebes, Oedipus saves the city from the dry spell by resolving the riddle of the phinx. Declared the new King of Thebes, he marries the widowed Queen Jocasta– his mom, unconsciously satisfying the second half of the prophecy. For he next two decades, Oedipus rules effectively in Thebes up until Hera sends out a second dry spell to plague he city. After sending his brother-in-law, Creon, back to the Delphic oracle for a reading, Oedipus finds out that the second drought will not be raised until the city of Thebes “discovers and banishes the simply blood of Lauis’ assassin (26 ).” An over-confi nt, yet unknowing King Oedipus organizes the investigation, and in doing so, condemns himself. From the start of this regrettable play Oedipus the King, Oedipus takes lots of actions and makes numerous choices causing his own failure.
He could have endured the plague, however out of “compassion for his suffering people,” he has Creon go to Delphi (). When he learns of Apollo’s word, he might have calmly examined the murder of the previous King Laius, but in his hastiness, he condemns the murderer stating he will be “cut off from every fellowship of speech and contact, sacrifice and sacrament … t ust out of every home, the extremely photo of pestilence” and in doing so, unwittingly curses himself (32 ). Oedipus chooses to overlook several cautions of the reality of his life and parentage.
He selects to neglect the ruinous prophecy of his “fate to mur r his dad and marry his mother” because he feels he can get away the prophecy of the gods (22 ). Oedipus attempts to defy the gods by leaving his homeland, Corinth, but instead flings himself straight into the hands of fate. Oedipus disregards another extremely nlightening caution of truth in ignoring the words of Tiresias. He believes he has actually successfully escaped his own destiny and for that reason, Tiresias’ words indicate nothing, but Oedipus could not have actually been further from the reality.
In a couple of minutes, Tiresias pr ides Oedipus with everything he requires to know concerning his fate by saying, “the decaying canker in the state is you … you and your most very much loved covered together in a hideous sin– blind to the horror of it” (37 ). Regardless of this apparent pronouncement reality, Oedipus “being his own worst enemy” picks to indulge his pleasant fantasy, that he has actually left his unavoidable fate (38 ). Oedipus’ own absurd choices ultimately result in his downfall in this tragic play. Oedipus selects to kill Laius. He ch ses to wed Jocasta.
He selects to forcefully and very openly assume the objective of finding the identity of Laius’ killer saying ironically, “I will not rest till I have actually tracked the hand that variety Laius … [because] such ties swear me to his side if he were my father” (32 ). He proceeds on this mission and selects to overlook the warnings of Creon, Jocasta, Tiresias, the messenger, the shepherd, and anybody who attempts to stand between him and the truth; and he picks to blind himself. In the en Oedipus’ most foolish option prevails throughout the play, the option of illusion over reality, ultimately triggering his death.
The play, Death of a Salesman tells the tragic story of Willy Loman, a little man sentenced to find his smallness rather than a big man reversed by his greatness. Willy, a sixty-three years of age married man, the dad of two kids, has actually striven all h life as a salesperson, “way out there in the blue, riding on a smile and a shoeshine,” Willy sustains himself with the illusion that he has numerous buddies, which everything will constantly be all right, and the success of he and his children, Biff and Delighted will be extraordinary (Miller 138).
The severe to which Willy takes this illusion triggers him to produce his own truth where he, “knock [s] ’em cold in Providence,” and “slaughter [s] ’em in Boston” and where “five hundred gross in Providence” ends up being “r ghly 2 hundred gross on the whole journey” (33 ). Willy, it seems, lives to please other people, specifically his kids Biff and Happy, by method of his successes in many locations. Willy continuously brags about his successes in his company, his domesticity, an his financial resources, to anyone that will take a minute to listen.
Willy totally keeps this fantasy life until the company he works for informs him that “they no longer desire him to represent them” (83 ). Just at this time does Willy begin to see the tru of his overwhelming failure in life. Willy searches for happiness not only through his impressions but through having an affair with a young woman who tells him, “you do make me laugh … you’re such a fantastic man” (38 ). This lady tells Willy everything e wants to hear however no one will say about him.
When Biff finds Willy with this lady in a hotel, he realizes the fact about him and his household, that they have lived their whole lives concealing from truth and shielding one another in their fight to asp illusion. Regardless Of Willy and Biff both starting to understand the truth, neither of them select to face it till the end of the play when all these events fuse in an explosive scene of father-son anguish, lastly ending with Willy’s self-destruction. In Death of a Salesperson, Willy constantly selects to bypass the truth with his frighteningly accepted misconceptions.
Everybody around him becomes so accustomed to Willy’s lies, that they too accept and support them despite how ludicrous they might be. Th individuals around him even presume regarding motivate his impression because when he starts to face truth, they deny it to him saying things like, “you’re the handsomest guy worldwide … no one makes fun of you” and “the kids simply admire you” (37 ). Willy l es in illusion not only by lying about today but likewise, living in the past.
Willy constantly flashes back to delighted times in his past such as “Biff simonizing the car,” an affair with a younger woman, and obviously the re-appearance of his enthusiastic nd abundant bro, Ben (28 ). Willy believes if he had just “opted for Ben to Alaska,” he too would more than happy and well-off (52 ). Willy decides of fantasy over truth with each and every tale and exaggeration he creates. With each and every ne of his tales of success he buries himself much deeper and much deeper into his gorge of self-destruction.
Not only does Willy condemn himself by this option nevertheless, but condemns those around him, particularly Biff and Delighted. Simply as Willy selects to disregard th truth, he likewise imbues this spirit in his boys, who likewise permanently deny the harshness of reality. Willy constantly presses the boys calling them “lazy bottoms” and continually asking about “how much cash [they’re] making” (15 ). This continuous pushing might b Willy’s worthless way of trying to live vicariously through his boys. Perhaps this pushing, his last attempt at truly attaining success, rather than thinking up stories to tell.
Nevertheless, Willy never ever accomplishes success due to the fact that of the easy reality that he cho es to reduce his life and the lives of those around him by choosing illusion over truth. In the end, this awful option results in Willy’s collapse in a final, heartwrenching and self-destructive cry for aid. An overwhelming desire for personal contentment and unmatched track record can often result in a sickly twisted distortion of truth. In selecting the fragility of impression over the stability of reality, individuals satisfy their inevitable downfall. Nobody rson has what can be categorized as an ideal life.
Everybody has disputes in his/her life they must face at one time or another. The way individuals select to deal with these disputes can differ simply as much as individuals themselves. Some people feel the eed to assault the problem, to get it out of the method, while some select to ignore the problem, choosing the comfort of dream over the harshness of truth. The awful characters of Oedipus and the memorable failure, Willy Loman act as living evidence at bypassing fact rather of facing it will ultimately lead to one’s undoing.