The American Dream is highly linked to a consumer culture and commercialism, and this is the primary style of the play. Dreams are the main structure of the play. Dreams can be lots of things; they can be divided into two types. They can be your hopes and aspirations, dreams, hallucinations, and can also the dreams in your subconscious mind whilst you are asleep. ‘The American Dream’ is what Willy bases his life on. The only way for him is up. Dreams seem to ‘motivate the characters’ actions, they reveal and describe their past and present behaviour.
‘The American Dream’ is the most fundamental part in ‘A Death of a Salesperson’. Willy aims to accomplish for himself and his sons, Biff and Pleased, to be abundant and effective having cash to pay off all the expenses and not owing money is the ideal. ‘The American Dream’ is literally having the very best of whatever, owning your own cars and truck and land, being popular and having the chance and certifications to be effective.
All the way through the play Willy pursues ‘The American Dream’. He idolizes 2 people.
‘His name was Dave Singleman. And he was eighty-four years old … And old Dave, he ‘d increase to his room, y’ understand, place on his green velour slippers-I’ll never forget-and choice up his phone and call the purchasers, and without leaving his room at eighty-four he, made his living.’
The other is his older sibling Ben who had actually found wealth colourfully, romantically, by strolling into the jungle and finding diamonds. To Willy therefore success indicates two things being rich and being popular. Willy strives to the point of obsession to achieve this end.
This fixation of ‘The American Dream’ pressurises Willy to raise his children to believe the very same and like a tree, the branches representing his sons reach up towards this dream and the subsequent pressure it places on them.
Biff starts to doubt ‘The American Dream’ when he says ‘… it’s me, I’m a bum’ and ‘I’m one dollar an hour’. Biff realizes that life is not always pleased and often you simply need to settle with what you have got.
Willy still believes Biff will in fact achieve all the aspects of his dream. Biff tries to tell him ‘Pop! I’m a dime a lots and so are you!’
Willy reacts ‘I’m not a dime a lots I am Willy Loman, and you are Biff Loman!’ Willy will not accept this and tries to shut and shut out what Biff is saying. He can not work out that there are an extraordinary couple of that accomplish the ‘The American Dream’.
Pleased is completely absorbed in his dad’s dream, and attempts to think that he will accomplish it. Pleased informs Biff that he can not be promoted.
‘All I can do now is wait for the product supervisor to die.’
He does not seem working for promotion and is stuck in a dead end job.
The author uses Bernard, Charley’s son as a story contrast to the two Loman brothers. Willy refers to him as an ‘aneamic’ and says although he gets the very best marks at school he is not as popular and does not have the personality of Biff and Pleased. But the complete opposite takes place when they finish school and enter into the big wide world. Bernard becomes part of the Supreme Court.
‘Oh, just a case I got there, Willy.’
Bernard was a hard working school student who seemed to have actually attained the dream and likewise got married and had two children. This proves that popularity and a likeable character is not enough for the ‘American Dream’.
Both Biff and Pleased have lots of hopes and dreams dominated by their daddy Willy.
Biff attempts to fulfill his father’s dreams in the start. ‘Well, I spent 6 or seven years after high-school attempting to work myself up. Shopping clerk, salesperson, business of one kind or the another.’
This duplicates the style of the play that a person can not live by another’s dream.
‘What the hell am I doing, experimenting with horses, twenty-eight dollars a week … And now, I get here, and I do not know what to do with myself.’
Biff is so puzzled with life because he was raised to think that he needs to be ‘manager’ of a big business and will always be rich and successful. He appears to like his task in the open area but thinks that he ought to be earning more cash than he is.
Pleased resembles his sibling Biff, lost but in a various way. He is thirty-two and is totally absorbed in his father’s dreams and aspirations. Delighted constantly boasts about his sex life.
‘About five-hundred women want to understand what was said in this room.’ he informs Biff. Delighted’s dreams resemble his bosses. He ought to have the ability to build a large estate and after that sell it 2 months after, due to the fact that he doesn’t like it and then start to develop another.
The 2 boy’s hopes and dreams come from their father. They were raised to desire the very best and are force-fed the wrong hopes and aspirations from childhood.
The hopes and dreams that the Loman household have, have affected their lives in several methods. Biff attempts to measure up to his father’s expectations but seems to recognize that he can not live other hopes. Pleased is the only person with a consistent job. Even though he is accomplishing one part of ‘The American Dream’ he is lonely and keeps informing Linda and Willy ‘Am gon na get married Pop.’ He is not content because he still desires everything beyond what his task can provide. He seems to still be soaked up in his daddy dreams. Willy is all talk and never ever accomplishes anything. He blames people for his failures in life. The only method he thinks he will deal with all of his problems in life is to devote suicide.
Hopes and ambitions are extremely crucial for the people in the play as they are constantly pursuing ‘success’.
At the end of the play Biff says at Willy’s funeral ‘He had the wrong dreams. All, all, wrong.’ Willy required to accept that he might not live his dreams and had to settle with what he had and reconcile the scenario.
Willy’s memories affect the main structure of the play. There are lots of kinds of stagecraft to show the difference in between the past and present.
Lighting is utilized in the way that in the present times the stage is very dull and bleak revealing torment and misery.
The stage is revealed as brilliant and lively at the points of Willy’s musings and hallucinations of the past. Sounds depend on the state of mind of the celebration, faint and lifeless noises seem to be in the background when the play remains in the present. The tone of the music changes when Willy enters into the past, it appears chirpy and happy. Clouting plays an essential role. The clothing also depended on the mood of the character the colours of the dress suggests what temperament they were in.
Willy appears to always be in the past, this is since he feels it’s a haven from the life that he is really living in and all the issues in it. The flashbacks Willy gets are all describing what occurred in the past and demonstrate how the other characters were.
‘I got it, Pop. And remember, buddy, when I take of my helmet, that goal is for you.’
Biff attempts to impress his father; this reveals that Biff was constantly the centre of his life at this time. These flashbacks show the sides of the characters in the play that we have not seen prior to. The flashbacks likewise show the method Willy has actually brought up his two children. Willy brings Biff and Happy up in the hope that they will fulfil ‘The American Dream’, that appeal and great characters will get them great tasks. This impacts them in later life due to the fact that they still think that this doctrine will get those great jobs but it can not. Happy depends on the death of others higher ranked than him for promo instead of his own skills.
The past events are never revealed as they really happened, they are revealed the way Willy interprets them. Willy seems to distort the occasion when Biff discovers Willy and ‘The Lady’ in the bed room in Brooklyn. He does this to try and shut out the bad thoughts, and produce a previous he can hide in from others.
Dreams are so important in the play due to the fact that they seem to connect everything together ‘The American Dream’, Hopes and Aspirations and ‘Musings, Dreams and Memories’.
Throughout this play, Miller is saying to the audience that our society, promotes things to pursue that are way beyond the reaches of that person. Peer pressure is primarily what drives us to want more and the very best of everything, getting into debt. Miller states that the characters in the play are impacted by the dream, ‘The American Dream’.
Although the play was written over fifty years back in 1949, it still has significance today. In the 1950’s, capitalism was taking hold after the 2nd World War; today commercialism still has an effective hold in the Western world’s culture. I think Miller is telling us to live our lives according to our own dreams and not others.