Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman: An Analysis

Death of a Salesperson

Death of a Salesman: An Analysis Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesperson shows us how one male’s blind faith in a misconception of the American Dream becomes a fixation of accomplishment that destroys his life and almost that of his family. Miller’s primary character Willy Loman in some way comes to believe that success always concerns those who are well liked and excellent looking. His downfall is that he does not equate success with hard work and perseverance. This faulty thinking keeps him from attaining his goals of wealth and status. His boys Biff and Pleased are taught the same defective values and are destined to fail also.

The devastating results of Willy’s obsession are seen throughout the household beginning with Willy who starts to lose his mind and his confidence that he will at some point dominate. He is torn between rejection that he is ultimately a failure and desperation to prosper at any expense. In Willy’s opinion a guy without success is absolutely nothing. Linda, Willy’s adoring spouse weather’s Willy’s ups and downs with persistence and hope that someday he will recognize that he is successful. She thinks that a home, a loving household, and food on the table are all anybody requires.

Linda states to him “why must everyone dominate the world? You’re well like and everybody enjoys you” (p292). She is typically trying to explain his achievements, but, he disregards. Delighted, Willy’s youngest son is really a mess. He follows in his dad’s steps into business world, where he is undoubtedly dissatisfied, yet continues since it is what is expected of him. He, like Willy believes that success is the step of a male. He states “I got ta reveal a few of those pompous, self essential executives over there that Hap Loman can qualify” (p 250).

We see his blind desire to prosper and know he’s heading down the exact same path of destruction. Biff, the oldest boy naturally can not discover joy either, however, for various reasons than the other Loman men. Biff actually has a job that he enjoys, but, his dad’s expectations of success haunt him. He feels like a failure due to the fact that he doesn’t make a lot of money and there is no prestige in being a cattle ranch hand. It is Biff who initially concerns the conclusion that success just might be learning who you are and what you love and doing it.

He states “I stopped in the middle of that structure and I saw- the sky I saw the things I love in this world, the work and the food and the time to sit and smoke” (p323). He even challenges Willy near the end of the play, and pleads him to “take that counterfeit dream and burn it prior to something takes place” (p324). Miller’s story is not without fine examples of effort being the secret to success. Charley and his child Bernard are the Loman’s neighbors. Charlie is the anti-Willy in Salesperson. He doesn’t boast or exaggerate; he doesn’t even aim to be grand.

He simply works, however, it is by this constant steady work that he attains comfort and security in his life. He teaches these worths to his boy Bernard who ends up being an extremely effective lawyer. It is important to note that side by side Bernard and Biff matured together. Willy was continuously making fun of Bernard for his commitment to school work as he extolled Biff’s football achievements. Willy’s down spiral starts when his delusions prevent him from safely driving a car. When he attempts to ask for a local job his manager fires him after many devoted years of employment.

In a ruthless business world there is no commitment any more. Willy, annoyed informs his boss Howard “I put thirty six years into this company, Howard, and now I can’t pay my insurance coverage! You can’t consume the orange and toss the peel away– a male is not a piece of fruit!” (p 289). Adding insult to injury Willy must now borrow cash from Charlie to make his month’s expenses. It is during this degrading minute that he tells Charley “Funny y’ understand after all the highways and the trains and the consultations and the years you wind up worth more dead than alive” (p 300).

Miller, not without some irony ends the have fun with Willy lastly understanding that his household’s love for him is a considerable thing. With this brand-new awareness brings a new dream; Biff’s success. Willy exclaims “That young boy is going to be splendid!” (p324), he then pictures how much more spectacular Biff would be with $20,000. Willy then eliminates himself, lastly achieving what he couldn’t in life, a grand quantity of money from the life insurance claim. It is such an embarassment that Willy never ever did find out what is very important in life; he actually had a lot to be pleased with.

As Biff fondly remembers “There were a great deal of good days. When he ‘d get back from a trip; or on Sundays, making the stoop, completing the cellar; placing on the brand-new patio; when he developed the additional restroom and installed the garage. You know something Charley, there’s more of him because front stoop than in all the sales he ever made” (p328). The final requiem of this play consists of some dazzling lines. Most notably, Linda’s final words at her husband’s grave; “Willy, dear I can’t sob, why did you do it, I search and search and I search, and I can’t comprehend it, Willy.

I made the last payment on the home today. Today, dear, and there’ll be nobody house. We’re free and clear. We’re complimentary … We’re complimentary …” (p329). Linda knew the whole time what was essential, and now Willy has died prior to ever realizing how much success he truly had; a true pal in Charley, and the love of his better half and children. His home, spent for and repaired up with his own 2 hands. If anything can be gained from the life of Willy Loman, it is that sometimes what we wish for is not what we require, and by aiming blindly we might miss what we have.

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