Death of a Salesman
The struggle for monetary stability and one’s rightful place in society is an essential theme throughout Arthur Miller’s play “Death of a Salesman”. According to Diyanni, Marxism is defined as follows, “how the middle-class/bourgeois values cause the control and suppression of the working classes” (1571 ). “Death of a Salesperson” illustrates a Marxist point of view, that joy and success in life is measured by one’s success in the working world, by Biff’s option of lifestyle, Ben’s accomplishment in the jungle and Willy’s inescapable grow for cost-effective success.
A Marxist viewpoint is used to Biff’s character (Willy’s kid) to the maximum in this society’s time period. Biff is a ‘hands on’ type of person that would much rather work outside on a farm to create a living, this disobeys the anticipated social norm due to the fact that he does not want to work for someone else. It is evident to the reader that Willy can not understand why his kid would rather be outside than to take on a reputable job, such as a salesman, throughout a discussion with Linda. Linda advises Willy to comprehend that Biff must take some time to ‘find himself’; Willy’s reaction is as follows, “How can he discover himself on a farm?
Is that a life? A farmhand? In the beginning, when he was young, I believed, well, a young man, it’s good for him to tramp around, take a lot of various jobs. But it’s more than ten years back now and he has yet to make thirty-five dollars a week!” (1215 ). Willy’s response to Biff’s main option of lifestyle illustrates to the reader Willy’s emphasis of success in the economy. Without success as a salesperson, Biff is seen as a drifter, an undesirable option, because it does not follow the standard.
As Willy’s mind gradually drifted further away, his brother, Ben entered into the play, through among Willy’s daydreams, to tell about his thoughtful triumph of conquering the ‘jungle’. Throughout among Willy’s memories he relives a discussion in between Ben, Biff and Happy, “Why, young boys, when I was seventeen I walked into the jungle, and when I was twenty-one I went out. (He chuckles.) And by God I was rich” (1232 ). Ben had likewise mentioned previously that he had actually found “Principally, diamond mines” (1231) in Africa. The jungle symbolizes the economy; Ben entered into the jungle to get the diamond.
The diamond in a Marxist society would be wealth from accomplishing financial success as middle-class working man, and having the capability to attend to one’s family. “Death of a Salesman” demonstrates the Marxist meaning that economic success can be the only company for joy and stability in a family, and without this success, complete satisfaction is unable to be achieved. Miller’s play “Death of a Salesperson” concerns an arguable tragic ending with the death of Willy, the lead character, yet another example of the Marxist belief system represented throughout the play.
Willy continuously battled to discover his ‘rightful’ location in a society that has been managed by the American dream, for his own ideas of supreme success, which inevitably added to his death. Miller allows the reader to comprehend the value of success in Willy’s life by a conversation with his kids, Biff and Delighted, “… Due to the fact that the male who makes an appearance in the business world, the man who develops individual interest, is the guy who gets ahead. Be liked and you will never ever want” (1224 ).
From this quote, the reader can totally see the focus Willy put on being well-liked and how in Willy’s mind the most essential element of his life is to ensure that his boys accomplish the success he values. The American dream, Willy’s pursue success and Biff’s desire to break through the social norms are all examples of how Miller’s play “Death of a Salesman” illustrates a Marxist perspective. In today’s society it may seem that Marxism is not a significant concern however after checking out Miller’s play it can demonstrate how comparable belief systems are still a significant issue that faces our society today.