Oscar Hammling has actually said, “We die ourselves whenever we kill in others something that was worthy of to live.” Man’s relationship with death from the hour of his birth and his intrinsic issue for himself above others are styles frequently used in literary works to illustrate mankind’s psychological, spiritual, and social weak points. Death is a popular motif in William Golding’s Lord of the Flies and specific occasions throughout the novel are very important in the development of the story and in revealing the catastrophe that eventually arises from manifestations of evil in humanity. The deaths of the mulberry-marked kid, the sow, Simon, Piggy, and the attempted murder of Ralph are amongst the most important occasions used by Golding as drivers in the expansion of the plot.
The death of the mulberry-marked young boy is the first of several occasions that ultimately causes the destruction of society in the book. He is the very first of the boys to introduce the monster and is likewise the first to die. His death results from careless actions on the part of the other boys and foreshadows wicked to come. The young boy’s untimely end works as a pointer of guilt for Ralph, who does not even observe that the child is missing out on till Piggy informs everyone. Ralph also feels regret since of his earlier ridicule and humiliation of the young boy. The mulberry-marked boy’s demise represents a weakening of the recently formed social structure on the island and forecasts more instability.
The plant’s death is instrumental in several ways. First of all, it shows Roger’s real self; he is an evil, uncompassionate individual who just takes pleasure in causing pain in others. The pig’s death likewise suggests an additional weakening of the structure of civilization on the island. Meat is not essential for the kids’ survival, yet Jack and his hunters end up being consumed with killing pigs. They delight in having the power of life and death over another living creature and sadistically abuse the plant while they massacre her. This enjoyment in malevolence more characterizes Golding’s concept that wicked exists in everyone. The plant represents motherhood and nurturing, and the young boys’ murder of her signifies their acquisition of savage and barbaric attributes and their reducing concern for life. The boys’ insufficient exposure to society avoids appropriate comprehension of the power of death; it just comes naturally to them. Jack is the main symbol of the yearning for power. “He [looks for], charitable in his joy, to include them in the important things that [has] happened. His mind [is] crowded with memories; memories of the understanding that Ö come [s] to them when they [close] in on the struggling pig, understanding that they [have] outwitted a living thing, imposed their will upon it, eliminated its life like a long, satisfying beverage.” Jack’s feelings towards the kill as rewarding and satisfying assist in the development of plot and style in the book. Once again, evil gradually appears.
Simon is the quiet, solid listener and the sign of hope in the young boys’ island society. He recognizes the decline that is accompanying increasing speed in the social structure and in the tranquil beauty of the island. Simon is one of the few on the island with the ability to comprehend the risk in such degeneration. The decrease of Jack and the choirboys from angels to abusing hunters resembles the fall of Lucifer; because Simon, one of Jack’s original choirboys, does not “fall” with them, he stays an angel in a civilization of sinners. His death, nearly martyr-like, represents a significant degeneration of humanity and the disappearance of expect the young boys.
Piggy’s death shows the total collapse of gentle society on the island. He is a scholar, secretly responsible for everyone’s survival on the island and he counsels Ralph in all matters. When the young boys eliminate Piggy, they generally destroy their only expect extended survival on the island. His death even more epitomizes the damage of social order and the increasing influence of evil. Roger kills Piggy purely for entertainment, when again highlighting wickedness in mankind.
The tried murder of Ralph, a direct outcome of the complete collapse in social structure on the island, exhibits the loss of reasoning and reasonable thinking. The reality that the kids hunt him with the objective to eliminate him and put his head on a stake is the last illustration of the evil that has actually gotten rid of the island like a cloud of ashes, gnawing at mankind like acid.
William Golding even more enhances his style by his portrayal of death and the collapsing structure of civilization on the island. The connection between malevolence and total social collapse is evident in the paired symbolic and literal usages of death and evil in the boys’ separated community; undoubtedly, each of the deaths in the book contributes in the author’s depiction of inborn evil and efficiently functions as a catalyst in the chain of events culminating in the complete damage of society on the island.