Comparison of “Oedipus the King”, “Hamlet”, “Awaiting Godot”.
Some of the very first forms of drama come from ancient Greece. “Oedipus the King” by Sophocles is a great example of ancient Greek catastrophe, “Hamlet” by Shakespeare is the example of drama of Elizabethan period and Samuel Beckett’s “Waiting for Godot” represents the drama of the 20th century and comes from so called “Theatre of the Absurd”. Because all these dramas come from various time period, it’s natural that they differ from each other in numerous aspects.
The Greek tragedy has unity of time, location and action, since it occurs all in one day, occurs in a single scene, and establishes only one plot. In “Hamlet” that guideline is broken. Action takes place in the garden, in the castle, in the cemetery. The play doesn’t have the unity of time and has numerous plots. In “Waiting for Godot,” nevertheless, we see close adherence to the 3 unities. The unity of time is 2 days and action is set in one place, where Vladimir and Estragon are waiting for Godot. In ancient drama, the character is often of honorable birth and hold a crucial social position.
At the exact same time, he is the terrible hero and any choice he makes lead him to individual disaster. An ancient primary character is a victim of terrible irony. A hero dedicates a criminal offense not knowing that. He suffers some serious misery which is not unexpected and worthless, however is significant and realistically connected with the his actions. A character in ancient drama is not mostly industrialized psychologically. We do not get a complete image of king Oedipus personality. We have actually got very little details about his look; his action and speech don’t inform us anything about his emotions.
In contrast, we know a lot about Hamlet’s emotions and feelings. Unlike Greek tragedy, a hero in contemporary drama, is often an ordinary individual, not high born. Modern drama such as “Waiting on Godot” shows the disaster not of the strong and worthy, but weak and mean character. The fundamental structure of the ancient drama relates to the concept of misconception. Stories were based on myth or history. The moral of these type of misconceptions was that the start and the end of the human life need to only remain in the God’s hands. The ancient Greeks believed that some humans might be required by fate to act mistakenly, even if they didn’t want to.
They believed in Ate– a goddess whose job is to lead individuals into confusion. She is the error that pushes people to do ridiculous things. She was the one, who pressed Oedipus to escape from his nation and kill his father on his way. When Oedipus found out from the Oracle that he would commit two dreadful crimes, he attempted to avoid this by escaping from his family, which wasn’t his family. He acted as if he was divine; he believed he was stronger than fate. Sadly, the complete stranger he met on his method, was his daddy. And he killed him. And a ladies he later got wed to, was his mom.
In this method, Sophocles asserted that the gods are more effective than guy, that there’s a limitation to human ability and factor. Oedipus was penalized due to the fact that the moment he was told he was to eliminate his daddy and wed his mom, he believed that he could change the fate. He forgot that there’s a distinction between Gods and people– a distinction in between immortals and mortals. Greek Gods want people to bear in mind that they aren’t divine. If they forget about it, they’ll commit a sin and it’ll mislead them. In Greek language it’s called hubris.
When individuals forget that they are mortal, they end up being guilty pf hubris and this presses them into the situation when they can dedicate error and defect. This causes their destruction. In contrast, Hamlet isn’t penalized by Gods since he forgets that he is mortal. Hamlet fails due to the fact that he has a tragic flaw in his personality and habits. Simply put, in “Hamlet” the awful defect is not gotten in touch with a specific circumstance however with a character. In “Oedipus the King” awful defect isn’t connected to a character however it is a minute of ironous judgment.
It is a minute of “character’s blindness”. An individual ought to be aware of killing anybody but due to the fact that Oedipus is mistaken and he doesn’t recognize his father it’s a moment of wrong judgment. In “Hamlet” tragic defect is linked to the orginal sin, to something that constantly presses us to dedicate a sin. Hamlet did not constantly have this flaw in his personality. It was presented to him by a ghost. The ghost of Hamlet’s dad informed Hamlet that he was murdered by Claudius and asked him to take the vengeance. This is where the defect is adopted by Hamlet and begins to effect his life.
Hamlet makes his revenge whatever in his life and it ultimately drives him to insanity and murder. We see that Shakespearean drama has elements of a morality play, showing individuals the effects of a certain behaviour. Everything that takes place in Greek disaster is predetermined by fate, while in Shakespeare play there’s more mental aspect. Hamlet is not actually doomed to choose terribly. He can select what he wants, but he decides terribly. When it comes to “Waiting for Godot” the action is full of ridiculous, apparently without sense, has repeated verses and no sensible repercussion of the occasions.
In ancient drama acknowledgment plays really essential function. It is among the basic aspect of the plot. It is the minute when the character finds out the entire truth about his life. Acknowledgment is the most critical moment due to the fact that the character begins to see what the audience know. It’s likewise the most paradoxical minute due to the fact that the minute Oedipus discovers the reality and lastly sees, he plugs out his eyes. Many ancient heroes suffer and make it through since the aim of the plot is not to ruin them but to lead them into the minute of recognition. In Shakespearean plays heroes generally end with devoting suicide.