Comparison between “I have a dream” and “A more perfect union’s” Essay

The speech described as “A more ideal union” was given by Senator Barack Obama a governmental candidate by then in the 2008 elections. The speech’s heading was taken from the U.S constitution Preamble, “We individuals, in order to form a more ideal union …”. Fifty years ago a Speech by the Rev. Martin Luther King at the Washington March popularly referred to as “I have a dream” in front of an audience of more than 250,000 while promoting for the rights of the Black Americans was likewise made.

This paper’s objective is to compare the 2 speeches, explaining the rhetorical situation of each speech and argument and how appeal is successfully used or applied in the 2 speeches. The paper goes in depth in bringing out the rhetorical techniques used in the 2 speeches together with plainly detailing the contexts of the two and therefore highlighting easier contrast and clarification of the author’s arguments.

The Place and Author’s Bio

In regard to the Obama’s speech the place of the place was very near the archaeological site of which the U.

S constitution was checked in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania called the National Constitution Center. The area or place assists Obama to make allusions to America’s historical past he reminds his audience that around 2 hundred and twenty one years ago their predecessors were in a hall that still stands throughout the street and they had signed the constitution of the land. The speech provided the title ‘I have a dream’ was given up the city of Washington prior to an audience of more than 250,000 holding a demonstration which King referred to as the greatest ever presentation for freedom in the history of United State of America for the rights of the Black Americans.

Barack Obama is a black American whose dad traces his roots from Kenya and a white mother from Kansas; he has actually been raised and informed in the U.S and the Senator of Illinois. Martin Luther Jr. was a Black American reverend and a civil rights activist defending the rights of the Black Americans.

The Environment

On Tuesday, March 18th, 2008 in the course of the hotly objected to Democratic Party Presidential nominations between Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton is when the speech was given. The Obama’s speech addressed the controversial sermons and remarks made by Jeremiah Wright, his former pastor. This speech was key to his contest for the Democratic election as it helped solidify his nomination versus Hillary Clinton. The speech was to enlighten the country’s concerns of his affiliation with Reverend Wright and likewise most importantly to attend to the sustaining and dominating issues worrying the race in America and how it disables the country.

Martin Luther’s speech was a result of racial discrimination, social oppression and segregation towards the Black Americans by the whites in America. The blacks were treated to be of a lower class and unequal with their white counterparts.

Rhetorical Techniques

Rhetoric just suggests the capability to compose and speak in a reliable manner, use of language and oratory strategically in a substantial manner likewise referred to as the research study of opposing arguments, misconceptions and miscommunications. The speech entitled “A more best unity” is surely engaging because it has the essential elements of efficient and convincing rhetoric. It was a tactical rhetoric speech indicated to assert his post-racial politics.

Obama in his speech masters using opposing arguments by very first slamming the press that constantly looks “for every single proof of racial discrimination and polarization, however not simply in regards to white and black, but likewise in terms of black and brown also” this helps to mesmerize the audience as everybody is totally aware of the department in between the races and the speech ends up being very reliable since of the truth that Barack Obama wants to plainly mention what is typically unspoken. Reciting of the very first famous line of the constitution also captures the attention of individuals as they concerning something of value that is almost to be stated.

Martin Luther on the other had in his speech I have a dream is not suggest in utilizing rhetoric techniques he begins by alluding to the rights of the blacks which are strongly added in the constitution, the emancipation document that was signed and likewise on the argument that all humanity were produced equivalent in the eyes of the creator. He then moves further to vividly explain the conditions of the Negro by very first specifying that they are not yet totally free and likewise strongly and deeply explaining their conditions, afflictions and discomforts. Both speeches have plenty of echoes the rhetorical ideas of principles, pathos logo designs and kairos, revealed in various methods such as through: striking language and repetition, and also through different receptors, emotions and reasoning.


Principles refers to how the speaker’s character and credibility brings about his/her impact of the audience while pathos is a rhetorical gadget that changes the audience’s thinking and perceptions through storytelling and sob stories. Principles is mainly accomplished on intellectual, social, spiritual, and biological levels. Senator Obama uses Ethos by offering factual info, he sensibly uses historic recommendations; he explains the extent of his family tree in depth. This helped the Senator to provide creditability to his speech and credibility to his message. The implication of this is that everyone must listens and he ends up being the authority. In regard to his intellectual principles, Obama clarifies that he has attended a few of the very best schools in U.S.A. Obama utilizes values even more to gain reliability on his understanding of social issues that affects our society today both elaborating on the animosities of the black and white neighborhoods and the audiences significantly feels that he is quite experienced and reliable of the concerns of the future and of their lives. He likewise applies principles on a spiritual level by making Biblical recommendations and hence able to connect with the major faiths however still contacting the nonreligious group through stories that everybody can relate to. Obama likewise acquires ethos by specifically discussing his own genetic makeup and background showing them that out of many races they are genuinely one. The audience is surprised at his storytelling, imagery and illusion such as that of his grandfather and that of Ashley Baia. The audience is hence able to connect with the emotional appeals that occurs at the core of humanity by identifying with the sheer humankind drew out in the story in which it ends up being tough to turn or flee from the real essence of another guy’s soul.

King on the other hand likewise and likewise provides historical referrals on the America history and that of the black individuals, the social problems impacting the society and likewise makes various Scriptural referrals. Providing of extremely sound illustrations and significance resonates so well with the audience also.

Logo designs

Logos describes utilize of thinking to build an argument and to covey a well thought out ideas guaranteeing reasonable, sensible, important, methodical ideas and persuasions are well embodied in the speech. It is evidenced by utilize of inductive and deductive reasoning examples in the Obama’s speech being discovered throughout his arguments. He plainly displays objectivity and systematically draws out the issues associated with the race within America and supplies logical, reasoned resolutions to these issues. From his logical arguments the audience is convinced to respond and react in a positive manner he also prompts them to approach the topic of bigotry in both a subjective and unbiased manner. Obama’s attract reasoning are beyond reproach, he also unconditionally state to them that this is the time that everybody must act and stand to secure their future together. He also emphasizes on the importance of time and thus causing the audience to have the awareness that truly this is the time and America must show seriousness. Obama is successfully able to ignite and unite the audience and of more significance to convince them to view the world from a various viewpoint and adapt the best mindsets.


Kairos attempts to seize the chance or in other words “the opportune time.” For something to be done, performed, shown or exhibited or to be stated. Kairos attempts to conceive the need for the right or proper timing. In easy description it is one’s ability to “take the moment”. In the Obama’s speech uses Kairos in connecting the past, today and the future and plainly reveals individuals that this is absolutely nothing else however opportune moment for them to react. Martin Luther also utilizes the same to interest individuals to enter action he says that “Now is the time or moment to make justice a true truth for all God’s kids”… … “We decline to be satisfied until …”

Significance of the speeches

The two speeches were of paramount worth, essence and significance in regards to identifying the future and destiny of the U.S. Martin Luther’s dream envisions a country that people will live together in harmony, peace and love in which race would be non-issue. Secret concerns in regard to the constitution, human rights, the country’s history, unity and cohesion and of more value its political, social and economic future are well discussed in both speeches and pictured.


As a finish up it is very clear that the 2 speeches are very reliable in attracting the audience, altering their viewpoint and moving them into action. Rhetorician, Richard Weaver states that, “Rhetoric … is a favorable act with effects and results in the world. Every utterance is an attempt to make others view the world in a particular method and accept the changes or values implicit because viewpoint”. And therefore strategically utilized rhetoric goes a long way in making efficient any meaningful communication.


King, Martin Luther, and James Melvin Washington. I have a dream: writings and speeches that changed the world. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1992. Print.

King, Martin Luther. I have a dream. New York: Scholastic Press, 1997. Print.

Obama, Barack. Barack Obama’s speeches = Los discursos de Barack Obama. Berkeley, CA: Ulysses Press, 2010. Print.

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