Biblical Reference in Robinson Crusoe

Scriptural Reference in Robinson Crusoe

There are lots of biblical references in Robinson Crusoe, an unique by Daniel Defoe about a guy, Crusoe, and his life as a “prodigal son.” The function of much of the biblical recommendations in the book is to compare Crusoe’s condition with that of the condition of specific individuals in the Bible. For example, on page 15 the captain of a ship upon which Crusoe sails away upon in order to run away from his moms and dads compares Crusoe’s case to that of Jonah, stating, “perhaps this [storm] is all befallen us on your Account, like Jonah in the Ship of Tarshish. The author uses this biblical reference in order to connect to the reader the spiritual (and often physical) condition of Crusoe. After finding a human footprint, not his own, upon his island, Crusoe is “had” with fear and, consequently, takes matters into his own hands, staying concealed in his fortification, not daring to leave for anything.

When he reflects upon this, Crusoe writes, “I look ‘d, I believed, like Saul, who complain ‘d not just that the Philistines were upon him; however that God had actually forsaken him”( 135 ). In this sentence, Defoe referrals to what Saul told the ghost of Samuel, “I ache distressed; for the Philistines make war against me, and God is departed from me, and answereth me no more, neither by prophets, nor by dreams”(I Samuel 28:15).

Crusoe, like Saul, is under attack, or, rather, the worry of an attack that might be made upon him by an unidentified opponent. Neither Saul nor Crusoe, however, have actually truly been deserted by God. Rather, they’ve positioned their fear of “those who eliminate the body” above their worry of “the One who can ruin both soul and body in hell”(Matthew 10:28) and, therefore, think God has actually deserted them, when, in reality, they have actually deserted God.

Crusoe is compared to lots of biblical characters throughout the unique, consisting of Task, Jonah, the lost lamb, Saul, and others too. Defoe utilizes these referrals to dynamically portray Crusoe’s character, revealing the similarities between Crusoe and numerous individuals in the Bible. As a result, Crusoe’s story is very much like the stories of people in the Bible: God utilizes a bad, wretched sinner in order to achieve His will on this earth.

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