Attitudes to Marital Relationship in Tops Girls and Catcher in the Rye
Compare the methods which different attitudes to marital relationship are represented in “Leading Ladies” and the unique “Catcher in the Rye” In Top Women Churchill provides marriage through various characters, with different views shared by each character from the male, female, modern and historical point of view on the subject. These views are shown through their relationships, interactions and the choices that they have actually made. Likewise, in Catcher in the Rye 2 very various views on marital relationship are shared through the characters lives and individual thoughts.
Through the character of Griselda in Act One, Churchill provides the concept that “a spouse should obey her spouse” recommending a conventional view of marital relationship that is not frequently accepted among society in the twenty very first century. It expresses the view that in marital relationship the female becomes a belongings or a servant of some sort. The word “follow” presents the historically held concept that females must have no power and should serve the males in their households; this lowers their status and increases inequality within society.
However her views are consulted with horror and outrage from the other characters in the play revealing that Caryl Churchill understands that this is not a popular view today however nevertheless, it needs to be looked at as some individuals still hold such belief. Likewise by using “a wife” Churchill eliminates the private and instead leaves a classification, as if women do not be worthy of to be treated separately and are all the exact same.
This leaves all females to be judged without any chance to construct their own credibility on their benefit and is utilized by Churchill as a way of provoking a reaction from her audience in such a way that skillfully echoes that of the females on phase. In Catcher in the Rye Holden thinks of fleing to his idealistic paradise to leave from his fear of the adult years. The concept of marital relationship as idealistic is supported within Top Girls in Act 2 when Nell states, “Derek asked me to marry him once again … I informed him I wasn’t going to play home” showing that she thinks marital relationship only operates in dreams or fairy tales.
By picking the word “play” Churchill attatches a childish quality to marriage and possibly, like childhood recommends that marital relationship can’t last. In his paradise Holden and his spouse can’t speak, “if she wished to talk to me she ‘d need to write it on a goddam paper” One might translate this as a metaphor for guys silencing ladies recommending that the power within this fantasy marital relationship plainly lies with the guy, revealing what Holden really believes. Holden doesn’t hold males and females as equates to as he requently puts ladies down. Holden wants to “fulfill this stunning girl … and we ‘d get wed” his focus on “charm” revealing that he is basing his choice for a partner on generally shallow elements. This suggests his belief that females are for program and to look at not to be considered equates to or to be listened to. A different mindset to marriage in Catcher in the Rye is the power in the union between the Antolini’s, Sallinger recommends that the “pants” are worn by Mrs Antolini.
She is “about sixty years older” than her hubby and is “poor with dough” suggesting that she married for love after fulfilling her profession opportunities. The Antolini’s weding for love is revealed when Holden says that they “were always kissing each other a lot in public”communicating that they are really affectionate towards each other. The choice of love and ladies being the more effective partner is not explored in Leading Women as it seems that a lady should either pick to have a household and husband, or a career.
This is clearly communicated when Marlene and Jeanine engage in Act Two. “I’m conserving to get married” “Does that indicate you do not want a long term task then?” Marlene’s concern suggests that she believes that you can just have one without the other, supported by her own life options in the play. Marital relationship is presented as a life option or a profession in its own right as in Leading Ladies it appears that you can’t have a successful marriage and have a successful task, an essential part of the message from Churchill.
Through the drama onstage she asks why this should still be the case. In Top Ladies like and marriage is mainly presented as a negative thing, supplying an interruption from a female’s career; as they will need to stop to have kids and look after their hubby. Win states she “got wed in a moment of weak point” revealing that her last resort at a major time of trouble was to get married, suggesting that she would not do it in a sane mind and would probably regret it soon.
This mindset to marital relationship was popular with women in the eighties, the time Leading Women is set, as lots of females were concentrating on professions and combating to get better jobs and equality. It was a time of empowerment for women. Marlene says she never ever wanted to “marry a dairyman who ‘d gotten back pissed” suggesting that guys can end up being unsteady and can end up being drunks when they grow older, she didn’t want to take care of someone like that without getting her chance to become effective. Interestingly, this recommends that marriage was still viewed as forever; it ties you to someone that you ultimately don’t ant to be with. Making use of the word “pissed” by Marlene is extremely masculine, showing that she would have to take on the male role in a marriage, generating income and continuously working. Therefore Churchill is showing that marriage constantly needs to have one person with more power, however likewise requiring the audience to ask why, in contemporary society, that person shouldn’t be a female. Females are presented as the stronger sex throughout Top Girls, shown when Win speak about her past, “I coped with a fella and supported him for four years” suggesting that men require to be taken care of and “supported” by women.
This can be applied to marital relationship, implying that she thinks that in a marital relationship the female would be the one supporting the male yet acknowledging that females don’t get credit for being strong in this method. Caryl Churchill strengthens this idea through the character of Mrs Kidd. Mrs Kidd is not offered a given name as being Howard’s better half is all she is, she does not have her own life or identity, instead she “put him first every inch of the method”. This is a really different view of the strength in marriage from the typical male view; that women constantly need looking after and can’t look after themselves.
This more stereotyped view shared by Holden in Catcher in the Rye and can be seen when he says “I suggest most women are so dumb and all” His grouping together of all woman as “most women” tells us that he doesn’t think that ladies are smart. The structure of the sentence ends the concept of a counter argument, to Holden it is a truth. Contrastingly, in Act Among Top Girls, marriage is presented as Isabella’s happy ending after her sister passes away.
She reveals that “it was Physician Bishops devotion to her in her last disease that made me decide to marry him” showing that she ultimately needed somebody to look after her also, she invested the majority of her life doing amazing things alone however grew lonesome. This presents the concept that we are not suggested to be alone and marriage can save us from that. Nevertheless the character never ever discusses love, which is widely thought about as the fundamental requirement for marital relationship. Rather she acknowledges his kindness, compassion and “commitment” recommending that marriage doesn’t need to be about love.
In Catcher in the Rye, although the Antolini’s marriage is not a typical one, it succeeds in indicating a more favorable view of marital relationship. They “seemed to get along quite well” and were “kissing each other a lot” revealing that marriage can work if it is right even without love. Their marital relationship is not equivalent in all ways such as age and cash but they like each other similarly and are both extremely smart. I believe this reveals us that marriage works in between people who have similar characters and intelligence as th Antolini’s are on equal ground on that matter and clearly take pleasure in each others company.
Churchill selects to show a failed marriage at the end of the play through Joyce, this structure highly suggests that she thinks marriage to be an out-of-date principle. The marriage is unimportant and simply provides more of an insight into the character, as if some of her identity was specified by the mariage and after that had it removed. Also as churchill has actually written “Leading Girls” as a play it permits her to experiment with the order in which things are revealed to the audience.
Marriage is represented as a mostly negative thing in Leading Ladies recommending that Churchill percieves it as motivating and supporting inequality, due to the historic view of marital relationship where males have all the control and earn all of the cash. It is likewise shown to be an unrealistic concept as it hardly ever seems to exercise, shown in some of the “Top Ladies'” pasts, numerous have actually been wed but did not wind up with the guys they wed. It is recommended to be a fantasy through the characters of Griselda, who had a fairy tale life and Isabella, who compared it to “playing house”.
This mindset is likewise shared in Catcher in the Rye as Holden presents his fantasy life with a beautiful better half who can’t speak. On the other hand, marital relationship is also represented as friendship and assistance in both texts. This is seen most plainly through the Antolini’s in Catcher in the Rye and through Win and Isabella’s sister in Leading Ladies. In conclusion, Leading Women primarily presents the attitude that marriage is not successful and is based upon what men want and Catcher in the Rye shows that marriage can work however the ideal marital relationship is simply a fantasy.