Who does not want to live the perfect life, the American Dream? Throughout Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesperson, Willy Loman remains in pursuit of this Dream. Willy concentrates on the optimistic American dream his whole life, associating it with monetary success, an outstanding reputation and being well liked. He makes victims of his better half and of his kids by subjecting them to mistreatment and deprivation of a strong male role model. According to the Webster’s Dictionary a victim is one who undergoes injustice, hardship or mistreatment.
Willy puts far too much pressure on his senior boy Biff, insufficient on his younger child Pleased, and he makes a “yes-woman” out of his doting partner Linda. Willy’s ideas of the American Dream outweigh the practical trials and adversities that need to be conquered in order to achieve the Dream.
The American Dream is one of success and Willy views success as being well liked. He wants Biff to be well liked and thus puts much pressure on him to be popular. Throughout Willy’s flashbacks to 1929, Willy motivates Biff to be a great football player instead of an excellent trainee. Willy pays so much attention to Biff and puts so much pressure on him to prosper and to be well liked that Biff does not have anything concrete (such as marks) as a backup. Willy thinks that despite the fact that Bernard can get the best marks in school, that he will not endure in the business world because he is not well liked (Miller 33). Biff wants to live up to his daddy’s dreams. He wants his dad to be happy with him. Before the football game at Ebbets Field, Biff promises “to break through for a goal,” simply for his dad (32 ).
As a teenager, and right up till he captures Willy cheating, Biff does everything he can to enter Willy’s good books. He is the star football player and popular enough to buy his buddies around: “Fellas! Everyone sweep out the heating system space!” (34 ). Then, suddenly, things change. After discovering Willy and Miss Francis together, Biff comes to the conclusion that his dad is not as crucial as he makes himself out to be: “he [Mr. Birnbaum] would not listen to you [Willy] (120 ). This is the turning point in Biff’s life due to the fact that he ends up being a victim of Willy’s actions. At this moment, in a hotel space in Boston, Biff quits on his life and the dream of success when he chooses that he is “not going there [the University of Virginia] (120 ). Willy has ruined his kid’s possibilities at getting an excellent education and a successful profession.
Willy puts so much focus on Biff’s success, that he ignores Pleased. As an outcome, Happy feels the requirement to follow in Willy’s steps in order to acquire the level of regard and attention from his father that is offered to Biff. Happy feels this neglect as a teenager and feels the requirement to please his father: “I’m dropping weight, you notice, Pop?” (33 ). Delighted wishes to be popular and well liked in order to get some favorable attention from Willy. Even as an adult, Pleased hangs on to the need to impress his papa and to keep him material with his life.
Delighted wants Biff to lie to their dad about seeing Bill Oliver due to the fact that Willy “is never ever so happy as when he’s anticipating something” (105 ). Pleased desires Willy to be pleased with Biff since that would keep Willy delighted and could stop him from having flashbacks and talking to himself. Success in business is among Willy’s goals for the American Dream and thus, Happy wants to be a businessman since he is seeking his daddy’s approval.
While in pursuit of the American Dream, Willy requires somebody to support him and to agree with all of his decisions. Linda is there for him throughout the difficult times. She guides him by being supportive of his choices and even supports his lying. She knows that he goes to Charley to “borrow fifty dollars a week and pretend [s] to [her] that it’s his pay” (57 ). Linda enables him to feel important, a minimum of in front of his own family. Not only does she safeguard him in front of their kids, however she also tries to keep the peace between her spouse and Biff.
Willy does not value this as he should, turning on her when she attempts to get him to listen to Biff, telling her” do not take his [Biff’s] side all the time” (65 ). Later, when she tries to comfort him, he tells her to “get to bed” (134 ). She withstands him screaming, “stop disrupting” (64) without breaking down, only to ask him whether she “should?sing” (68) to relieve him. He has trained her to take his harsh words and act like absolutely nothing has actually taken place. Linda is the glue that keeps the Loman family together as she attempts to get Willy and her children to speak calmly and quietly and to see the very best in each other.
Eventually, the Loman household is impacted by the American Dream gone awry. Willy Loman is really focused on this dream and his family’s success in organisation. Subsequently, he mistreats his kids and his better half, making victims of them. His sons do not have a strong male role model who they can admire during their growing years. Rather, they have a daydreaming, failing salesperson for a father, whose sole objective in life is to live the American Dream. He has actually likewise trained their mom to agree and abide by everything he says. The American Dream suggests joy and for Willy Loman that happiness is to pass away the death of a salesman. We need to wonder how the idea of death can bring happiness to someone’s life.