Animal Farm: the Risk of an Ignorant Working Class and the Use of Language as Instrumental to the Abuse Ofpower
“ANIMAL FARM” by George Orwell “The Threat of an Ignorant Working Class and using Language as Instrumental to the Abuse of Power” Instructor: De Giacomi, Ana Carolina. Trainee: Resoalbe, Cecilia Anali. English History and Literature of the Twentieth Century. ANIMAL FARM: “The Danger of an Ignorant Working Class and The Use of Language as Important to the Abuse of Power” Born in 1903, Eric Arthur Blair, much better referred to as George Orwell, was an English political novelist and reporter, who ended up being an acknowledged author due to his sharp criticism of political injustice worldwide.
Having actually experienced tough times throughout the Spanish Civil War and the Russian Revolution, Orwell became a biting critic of both capitalist and communist political systems. He was a devoted socialist, who thought in the debt consolidation of a federal government which aimed to support and guarantee dignity, freedom and social equality above any sort of selfish specific advantage. As an outcome, “a profound awareness of social injustice”1 outstands in the majority of his works. Orwell’s fable story Animal Farm, very first published in 1945, cleverly portrays the author’s strong opposition to totalitarian regimes.
Through typical farm animals, he shows how limited or illiteracy, dooms the working class to suffer the tyranny of a power-hungry dominant group. A cause that at first merged members of a society rebelling for a typical reason, as the animals combating versus the human-ruling, is later divided, letting some of them dominate and rule over others. Hence, despotism and adjustment occur not only from the astute and educated gentility, which instruments language to the abuse of power, but likewise from the lack of knowledge and naivety of the uneducated oppressed class.
When the animals from Manor farm, encouraged by a dream deceased Old Major had, get rid of Mr. Jones, the pigs assume the position of guvs, because they are “usually acknowledged as being the cleverest of the animals”2. Power rapidly combines in their hands and, although at first they are devoted to their fellow animals and to the innovative cause, they quickly begin to misshape what 1 2 http://www. goodreads. com/author/show/ 3706. George_Orwell, August 2012. Orwell, George. Animal Farm a Fairy Story, Penguin Books, UK, 1945 (p. 15) at first was agreed. The Seven Rules that “(… would form an unalterable law by which the animals should live by for ever after”3, had actually been translated from Old Major’s vision for the good of the whole farm, but the pigs are the very first to abandon them. Making use of their cunningness and remarkable intelligence, they gradually twist each and one by one of the guidelines to their own benefit. Being assisted by their educated language, the pigs persuade the rest of the animals of the significance of those, allegedly, little changes. In the story, the horses Clover and Fighter are the ones who best represent the qualities of the working class.
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They do not just have fantastic resistance and capacity for labor, however likewise are devoted to each other, to the rest of the animals and to the pigs; they are devoted and the most hard-working of the animals. Nevertheless George Orwell portrays Fighter physically strong, he also uses some hints, like Fighter’s personal motto: “Napoleon is constantly best”4, to reveal one of the chief weaknesses of the working class: “an ignorant rely on the good intentions of the intelligentsia and a failure to recognize even the most blatant kinds of political corruption”5.
At the start, the pigs have the intent to teach the other animals the essentials of reading and writing, however regrettably, most of them quit rapidly. Even those who make their best to end up being literate can not discover more than a couple of letters from the alphabet. An example of this is Boxer, who “might not go past the letter D”6 and Clover who is unable to put words together. The sheep, instead, will continue to repeat, again and once again, the only rule they soaked up “Four legs great, two legs bad! “7.
In a different way from other animals, the dogs happen able to check out relatively well, however, all the same, they are not interested in reading anything else other than from the Rules. 3 Orwell, George. Animal Farm a Fairy Story, Penguin Books, UK, 1945 (p. 23) Orwell, George. Animal Farm a Fairy Story, Penguin Books, UK, 1945 (p. 50) 5 http://www. sparknotes. com/lit/animalfarm/ canalysis. html, August 2012. 6 Orwell, George. Animal Farm a Fairy Story, Penguin Books, UK, 1945 (p. 30) 7 Orwell, George. Animal Farm a Fairy Story, Penguin Books, UK, 1945 (p. 1) 4 This is how the author exposes throughout the story, the little intentions to learn and/or to exercise their skills the animals have. Whether for being lazy or innocent, the animals open the way to the pigs to have more and more control over them. A terrific example of this is the long-lived donkey, Benjamin, who “might check out in addition to a pig, but never ever exercised his faculty”8. Maybe, if Benjamin worked out his capacity to check out, the other animals would be motivated to do so, or at least to comprehend that they were being deceived by the pigs.
On the other hand, the pigs quickly end up being mindful of the great advantages they have by developing their knowledge and crucial professors. They efficiently establish speaking and writing skills from children books. Together with the awareness of the importance of education, comes the realization of the truth that if they prevented education and understanding from other animals, they (pigs) would continue to be beneficiary. This resembles the history of England throughout the nineteenth century, when the greater class was also knowledgeable about the benefits of having an illiterate class.
Only later, in 1870, came the First Education Act, which ensured “complimentary, obligatory and non-religious education for all children”. 9 Such abilities established by the pigs, assist them to excuse any unforeseen suspicion of a modification on one of the Commandments. The prodigious facility Squealer has with words makes him the perfect deceiver. He utilizes hard language, misleading arguments and untrue data to trick the animals. He is Napoleon’s best bet on propaganda. Orwell utilizes Squealer to explore the methods which those in power typically utilize rhetoric and language to twist the truth.
This allegory represents what took place throughout Stalin’s Russia, where “Children and grownups were bombarded with propaganda inside and beyond school. [And] (…) books, filmscripts, poems, plays and 8 Orwell, George. Animal Farm a Fairy Story, Penguin Books, UK, 1945 (p. 30) http://www. parliament. uk/about/livingheritage/ transformingsociety/livinglearning/school/ overview/1870educationact/, September 2012. 9 journalism had to deal with the lives of normal working individuals and to reveal the progress of Communism”. 10
The author proposes that exploitation and corruption is always bound to take place when one social class has an advantage over another11. All the creatures in Animal Farm are extremely accountable for the situation of oppression under which they have to battle. They refused the chance to study, and along with it they ruined any possible advancement of knowledge or vital thinking. The animals end up passing on and trusting the pigs so much, that they end up being uninformed and indifferent to their social surroundings. Similarly, an uneducated working class relies on be the best target for those who are power-hungry.
Lack of education disables people to detect a totalitarian ruling force, and even if able to find it, an undereducated society has no tools to eliminate versus such supremacy. Even if Benjamin is the only animal who appears to discover the change under the brand-new management, it is now worthless, since he was negligent and indifferent when the pigs raised themselves to guidance. At last, the only rule that bases on the wall is an absolutely distorted one, which has absolutely nothing to do with the vision Old Major initially had.
The commandment on the wall reads “All animals are equivalent, but some are more equal than others”. The greater authority that the pigs have actually is simply exposed in the sheep’s chant “Four legs great, two legs better! “12. Rather than utilizing their understanding and leadership capabilities for excellent, the pigs press the animals to submission, what produces a continuum cycle of abuse. Both in Commercialism and Communism, ignorant individuals end up being subject of exploitation and abuse and, likewise Fighter, they are merely done away with when their 0 http://www. ecclesbourne. derbyshire. sch. uk/ecclesbourne/content/ subsites/history/files/ Mr%20Mcs%20Russia%20T hemes%20Resources/Life%20under%20Stalin. pdf, September 2012. 11 http://en. wikipedia. or/wiki/Animal _ Farm, June 2012. 12 Orwell, George. Animal Farm a Fairy Story, Penguin Books, UK, 1945 (p. 89) labor is fulfilled. Along with Fighter’s death, the author mentions the hypocrisy that surrounds the episode, comparable to what takes place in real life with the majority of workers under a capitalist or communist routine.
In conclusion, limited education, ignorance and unresponsiveness to problems within members of a society, can signify not only a delaying trap for its advancement, however more harmful, it may consent horrors to happen that might threat democracy and flexibility. The many scenes in which the pigs utilize their exceptional language to change the Commandments, might completely represent the method an organization in power can alter the laws to enhance its control in order to justify its actions.
Once in a while, as George Washington Carver as soon as said “Education is the crucial to unlock the golden door of liberty”13 and it is the only and most powerful weapon to defeat oppression. Education makes man a right thinker and a correct decision-maker. It brings him knowledge from the external world, teaches him to factor, and acquaints him with past history, so that he might be a better judge of the present. 13 http://www. brainyquote. com/quotes/topics/ topic_education. html #Yu 0uJ7ROiGJWViEc. 99, September 2012 REFERENCE LIST? Orwell, George. Animal Farm a Fairy Story.
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Wikipedia Contributors. Scientia Potencial Est. Wikipedia. org. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 2004. June 2012 http://en. wikipedia. or/wiki/Animal _ Farm EcclesbourneSchool Editors.
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