Animal Farm (Marxism Paper)
Madeline Leme English IV April 26th, 2013 Animal Farm Paper “Without Questioning” In the book Animal Farm, author George Orwell reflects the life of a little group of animals living together on a farm. As the story advances, readers will discover that the plot carefully shows the beliefs by Karl Marx, a fantastic social and cost-effective thinker of Russia. Orwell shows the four ideas of Marxism, the theory of history, the labor theory of value, the nature of the state, and the dictatorship of the proletariat. Marx created the concept of communism.
In Animal Farm, Orwell in fact provides us through Old Major’s speech a simplified variation of the concepts of communism. For example, the Manifesto, notoriously ends, “The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. Workers of the world, Unify!” While Old Majors speech ends with his last call to, “Rebellion!” Communism has to do with the economy and equality of classes. The idea of communism works, but putting it into action, since of the tendency of humans to be self-centered, it doesn’t work.
For example, in animal farm, the animals all wanted to be dealt with justly for their works done. They felt that Mr. Jones was abusing them, so they started their disobedience. At first, all the animals were on the very same level, there was no separation of classes. However, as in communism, soon there ended up being an obvious separation between the pigs and the rest of the animals. “All animals are equivalent, but some animals are more equivalent than others.” Napoleon, Snowball, and Squealer all increased in ranks and started leading the farm.
Another idea of communism was that everyone would enjoy the exact same benefits. Once again, there was an evident lack of equality. The pigs were receiving more, although there work was less. All the other animals that worked more difficult ended up being the poorest in the farm. “This work was strictly voluntary, but any animal who absented himself from it would have his provisions reduced by half.” The animals had this typical ideology; they all shared the same beliefs and worths and not once questioned why they thought by doing this. In spite of everything-in spite of their horror of the canines, and of the practice, developed through long years, of never grumbling, never ever slamming, no matter what happened-they may have uttered some word of protest.” Reification played a huge manipulative tool for Napoleon and Squealer. When Snowball initially presented the windmill concept to the farm, Napoleon disagreed and had the canines chase him away. Napoleon then offered the animals hope by stating that the windmill was a great concept, but when it blew down, Napoleon blamed it on Snowball.
They used this occurrence to make the animals work more difficult and be afraid of Mr. Jones coming back. Napoleon appeared understanding however in truth he was thriving from the animals fear. Numerous lessons can be learned from Animal Farm, nations and governments worldwide should abuse their power and utilize it against their individuals. If a population is not permitted to accumulate things for themselves, an overthrow or disobedience of the suppressing government will be the result.