Animal Farm: Contrast of the Animal Characters with Their Human Counterparts
Animal Farm: Contrast of Animal Characters with Human characters Animal Farm by George Orwell is a political story concerning the idea of Leninist Marxism, composed from an animal’s perspective. It is a story of dreams; imagine freedom and equality that are dashed into pieces by greed and avarice for power and comfort. Basically, Orwell has actually incorporated his own political views in this book regarding Marxism and simultaneously he has actually highlighted the significant flaws in Marxist viewpoint which he shows throughout the story.
I initially wish to emphasize that the occasions in Animal Farm are similar to the Russian Revolution of 1917. The book illustrates the ideals of the transformation and how the masses were maltreated by corrupt leaders and the false guarantees of a Utopian socialistic society. This goal of equality was what the animals looked for, and in spite of their sacrifices and hard work, their leaders betrayed them. Animal Farm is essentially a harsh criticism of totalitarianism. Orwell is depicting the worthy goals of Marxism which were damaged by a totalitarian’s avarice for power.
As he notes in his study, “The book is not only a parody of Stalin’s Russia however also plans to show that Russia was not a real democratic Socialist nation. “( 1) Despite the apparent criticism, Orwell shares the perspectives of Marxism as far as around the world revolution was worried. However, in the book, a utopian future appeared extremely unlikely from the start. The idea of Animalism was a theory developed by Old Major in his dream. Old Major was an extremely respected and venerable boar. He managed to put together the farm animals where he talked of them his imagine a revolution.
As Major stated, “our lives are miserable, tiresome and short. We are born, we are given so much food as will keep the breath in our bodies and for those people who are capable of it are required to work to the last atom of our strength; and the very instant our usefulness has actually pertained to an end, we are butchered with hideous cruelty. “(pg 7) This is especially typical of what the Russian individuals dealt with during the Czarist days of Russia. The Bourgeoisie, or the abundant, had complete control over the Proletariats, who were the bad workers.
The employees were dealt with inadequately and they resided in utter poverty and torment. They were exploited and maltreated by the abundant and lived a severe life where even fundamental sustenance was difficult to discover. It was through their labor that the Czar and the rich existed. Karl Marx discovered this issue and he wrote The Communist Manifesto, where he recommended that the employees of the world need to unite and topple the despotic capitalist nations. Marx wanted the proletariat class to begin a revolution and change the social structure and distribute the wealth among the masses. Old Major represented Karl Marx.
They both were visionaries who called upon the tormented masses to rise up versus their bourgeoisie masters, in Animal Farm’s case, Male. Yet, regrettably both Marx and Major would never see their revolution commence. Old Significant dies in 3 days after speaking to the animals and Marx passed away before the Russian Revolution started. There were just two capable leaders left on the farm who could start the revolution. Snowball was a young, intelligent and a vivacious pig with a brilliant talent for speaking. Whenever he spoke, he placed an extraordinary amount of emotion into his voice that pulled the animals towards him.
Snowball’s objective was to perform the last dreams of Old Significant and to make life better for the animals. Snowball might be compared to Leon Trotsky who was a devout follower of Marxism and he wished to enhance the lives of the Russian individuals. Both Snowball and Trotsky were tossed out of power by their supposed associates. Napoleon, a Berkshire boar, did not possess the skill and acumen of Snowball. Nevertheless, Napoleon offseted this weak point by being callous, cruel, sneaky, and corrupt. His ambition was to have complete control and power over Animal farm. If anyone stopped him, he would damage the opponent.
Napoleon used his canines to daunt the other animals and to kill any animal that opposed him. He likewise used Squealer, a garrulous pig who might persuade any animal with doubts about the achievement of Napoleon and that it was Napoleon who believed up the revolution. Basically, Squealor was a propaganda spokesperson. Old Major, before his death, had actually spoken up a list of 7 rules that all animals had to follow. The commandments were interested in animal-human relations. Squealor changed and controlled the seven rules to suit Napoleon and the pigs.
You might have discovered by now that the character names all have a symbolic significance to them. The name Napolean describes the legendary emperor of France. He was ruthless and he eliminated anyone who opposed him. Squealor, by his contemptuous actions, implied that he was a spy and he notified Napoleon about any activity versus him. Napoleon might be compared to Josef Stalin, the madman of Russia. He was not as educated or persuading as Trotsky. Yet Stalin was a harsh man who yearned for power. He eliminated millions of individuals and used the KGB (indoctrinated canines) to punish dissenters.
Napoleon likewise utilized Moses, the tame raven, to manage the animals. Moses represented the Church where he constantly babbled about Sugar Land Mountain. This heavenly home is where all animals go when they passed away and they forever lived in peace and harmony with excellent food and lots of rest. The animals thought in Moses since their lives were already loaded with suffering. Surely there had to be a much better location where the animals might go and be content. Moses was a tool for Napoleon. He stated all this lingo in order to make the tired animals work hard and not grumble and Moses was paid with bread soaked in beer.
On the subject of religious beliefs, Marx considered it the, “Opiate of individuals.” (2) Orwell however stated that people will always rely on religious beliefs for responses and places where they could opt for an easier existence. In addition, Orwell declined to authorize of a society where leaders like Napoleon or Stalin distorted the real meaning of Socialism and instilled fear and tyranny over their own people. As Orwell said, “To accept Orthodoxy, is always to acquire unsolved contradictions. “( 3) This makes sense since the animals had actually leapt out of the frying pan (Mr.
Jones’ reign) and into the fire (Napoleon’s dictatorship). Either way you see the result, it is the very same. The animals continued to suffer. What did Animalism accomplish? What were the objectives, what were the dreams and what were the results? The standard concept was to share power and to stop the autocrat Mr. Jones (who represented the Czar). The goals of the recently established government was to declare all animals equivalent, that they would get more food, more sleep, respect, guidelines to secure animals from oppression, and technology-in the form of windmill to make life much better for all.
The animals owned the farm. Everything was to be equally shared. People were the opponent and no animals should handle Man and no one could act like Man. As Major said, “. in fighting Male, we should not pertain to resemble him. Even when you have dominated him, do not adopt his vices. “(pg 12) The 7 rules were made for the security of the animals and their rights. Leaders and employees will work together and education is offered to all. These were the hopes and imagine all animals so that they might be devoid of the bonds of slavery and live in joy and equality.
However, when Napoleon claimed power, the entire basis of the transformation collapsed into dust. The objectives of the federal government were removed to suit the Pigs. As the rule stated, “some animals are more equivalent than others.” Instead of motivating animals to work, they are forced to work otherwise they would not get their provision of food. The Seven commandments were changed to Pig Laws. Pigs ended up being more powerful and therefore they controlled every element of the farm. What I note, and Orwell also notes, is that how could the proletariats rely on the self-proclaimed leaders and their intents?
As Orwell composed, “The main weak point of Marxism is the failure of human intentions”( 4) and “It is difficult to have an intuitive understanding of men’s motives and therefore difficult to anticipate their actions. “( 5) It’s tough to fathom why the animals didn’t recognize the pig’s treachery and why they didn’t rebel. Perhaps the fierce dogs were too intimidating or possibly the animals were just content with their nationalistic pride of their farm. An example of their pride can be seen when the animals march past their flag and the disinterred skull of Old Major.
They sense of joy and satisfaction due to the fact that their farm is run by the animals and not human beings. Nevertheless as Orwell writes, “the proletariat is too quickly swayed by its leaders as well as its assisting ideologies. “( 6) For instance in Animal Farm, the animals fail to understand that all their rights and the 7 commandments are being stripped and altered before their very eyes. The understanding that all the animals are illiterate is very beneficial to Napoleon and he easily changes all the laws according to his tastes without worry.
Yet the animals need to have stated something when the “Monsters of England,” the revolutionary song taught by Old Major, is changed to “Animal Farm.” Take Boxer the horse for instance. He was a devout follower of Napoleon and he provided his life for his brethren. He sacrificed himself day and night in the building and construction of the windmill so that the dreams of heat and electrical power would become a reality and that all the animals could profit. Fighter constantly stated, “Napoleon is constantly best.” It is all Boxer can do whenever he had doubts. Had Boxer materialized his doubts into action, Napoleon would never ever have succeeded in gaining total power.
That’s why I think Fighter is attacked by the 3 dogs after he establishes doubts about Snowball being a traitor. Luckily he is strong enough to stop the pets. Fighter represented a communist or Animalist supporter. He was a devoted and tough employee however the crafty Squealer and Napoleon utilized him where Fighter was eventually betrayed by the leaders he so willingly followed and helped. Orwell understood the significance of Marxism and shared many of its beliefs however Animalism was not an extreme political goal. The standard principle was equality, sharing, and collaborating for the betterment of all.
Yet the system was so terribly twisted by the leaders that the animals were in limbo. The animals ended up being oppressed slaves to the pigs who became no different than the human masters. They were even crueler to the animals than Jones and the Revolution became a vicious joke. What changes had happened? Definitely nothing except that rather of humans ruling over animals, animals came to rule over animals. The last line in the book summarizes it all, “The creatures outside looked from pig to guy and man to pig, and from pig to man once again; but already it was impossible to say which was which. “(pg 155)