Animal Farm Rules and Changes
Thesis Statement: The changing of a bright paradise of Animal Farm to a totalitarian and ruthless dystopia and its reflection in the Rules.
Table Of Contents
- Introduction: Animal Farm 7 Commandments Before the Action Begins
- Symbolism in Animal Farm
- Who And Why Altered Animal Farm Commandments
- Conclusion: Analysis of Modifications in Seven Rules
Animal Farm 7 Rules
“Whatever goes upon 2 legs is an opponent. Whatever goes upon four legs or has wings is a good friend. And remember also that in battling versus man, we need to not come to resemble him. Even when you have conquered him, do not embrace his vices. No animal must ever reside in a house or sleep in a bed or wear clothes or drink alcohol or smoke tobacco or touch cash or engage in trade. All the routines of man are wicked. And, above all, no animal needs to ever tyrannize over his own kind. Weak or strong, creative or simple, we are all siblings. No animals must ever eliminate other animal. All animals are equivalent.”
George Orwell, 7 Rules
The initial Animal Farm Rules, animal farm rules, offered by Old Mayor, an old and smart pig who (not so subtly) looks like Karl Marx, seem method too optimistic and even extreme at some points, however look sensible sufficient to work as a basis for a delighted society. We know that G. Orwell composed “Animal Farm” as a parody to Communism and decay of Socialist countries, but here we might see the clearest parallels in between 7 Commandments and the Communism principles.
The initial Seven Rules written on the barn and ending up being the brand-new Constitution of Animal Farm are the following:
- Whatever goes upon 2 legs is an enemy.
- Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a pal.
- No animal will wear clothes.
- No animal shall sleep in a bed.
- No animal shall consume alcohol.
- No animal will kill any other animal.
- All animals are equal.George Orwell
, 7 Rules
Significance in Animal Farm
As Communism, the Animal Farm Commandments consist of strict caution: whatever that is linked to Capitalism (even progressive things such as trade, personal property and greater level of convenience) is considered bad. We can understand the animals in the book: they have suffered a lot from the tyranny of guys (as did workers in Russian Empire prior to the creation of USSR) that it is hard for them to think that guys could do any excellent to them. While some of the Commandments are really warn about bad human habits (like drug abuse), the rest clearly reject everything linked to males. In real life it backfires stunningly, when the trade at all was banned and economy began to break down. To keep the substantial country afloat, the Communist Party had to reveal the “New Economic Policy” that enabled private trading and small company, though returning a few of the Capitalist values. In “Animal Farm” by G. Orwell the animals deal with the second real-life problem of Communism and after that Socialism: strong and able-bodied animals like Fighter did all the job, while hens and ducks strove however naturally were unable to work like a horse. This shows the reality change of idealistic yet difficult slogan of Communism:
“From each according to his capability, to each according to his need”
George Orwell, Animal Farm 7 Commandments
to the more sensible Socialist one:
“From each according to his capability, to each according to his work”
The pigs likewise demanded more for their task that, despite it wasn’t physical labor, was actually tough and put a lots of duty to their backs. From that point the animals start to divide, breaking the last and most important Commandment:
“All animals are equivalent”
Who and why altered Animal Farm Rules
The ones who started every change in Animal Farm Commandments were pigs and pigs only. Maybe, the very first modification (or, rather, addition) was a truthful mistake: a brief slogan invented by Snowball (an alter-ego of Leon Trotsky) for the least wise animals:
“4 legs good, two legs bad”
George Orwell, Seven Rules
This addition could be potentially warranted: the pigs had no time to raise the level of education, they required their ideology developed right here and now. This phrase showed the pigs’ (who represent the Celebration) worldview at that moment: the most essential thing was to warn individuals about the external opponent. Nobody expected that the internal opponent will quickly occur in Animal Farm. This addition concentrates on the “do not resemble people” point, but absolutely leaves out the idea of equality.
The following changes, the really essential ones, were falsely validated by that internal opponent. Regardless of Napoleon broke Rules one by one, he always blamed Snowball for that. To make things worse, Snowball– also a self-righteous and a bit too proud, but still friendly and a progressive visionary– was most probably long dead at the minute. Scared to lose his power, Napoleon chased him away and after that utilized his overstated image as an excuse to take any extreme procedures to “protect” his people from Snowball. Initially, he changed the Rules that were connected to liberty and safety and then, feeling completely safe with no one questioning his authority, altered or omitted the ones connected to luxury. The peak of his tyranny is leaving only one, terribly distorted Commandment.
In the novel the changes start from mostly justified to somewhat warranted to “even if I can”. The amendment that allows animals eliminate other animals can be described by the worry of Napoleon to lose his power. His consistent competitors with Snowball made him paranoid and, in spite of his pets chased Snowball away, Napoleon was extremely afraid of the revolt– after all Snowball was enjoyed much more than he was. The revolt might undoubtedly put an end to the newly established Animal Farm with all the hostile men around, so it was the thing the animals surely might not manage. But then we see that Napoleon becomes drunk with power and his reasons for changing other Commandments can’t be explained by anything else other than the desire to get himself to the inaccessible top of social ladder just because of the luck of being a pig.
Altered 7 Commandments
The very first modification was the most crucial for Napoleon, though it allowed him to establish his tyranny. We currently see him growing his own pet army and privately giving them order to kill Snowball. However to legalize his army he alters the Sixth Commandment to:
“No animal will kill any other animal without a cause”
Naturally, the “causes” are created right on the area. Every smallest sign of discontentment is now thought about the partnership with Snowball, who is an arch-enemy of Animal Farm. Death punishment and oppressive dogs rapidly threaten all the animals into obedience, permitting Napoleon to change other Rules without any effects.
The pigs then relocate to the house of the old farmer: it offers security (since Napoleon begins to be afraid of other animals) and likewise luxury, representing Kremlin, the real-life palace. To justify this change, Napoleon alters the next Rule to
“No animal shall sleep in bed with sheets”
George Orwell, 7 Rules
It enables him to preserve impression that the pigs are still not living in high-end– they do not cover their beds– however, certainly, they are now in much better conditions than the rest of the animals living in the barn.
The next change shows that Napoleon isn’t shy about his embracing human habits any longer. He states that
“No animal shall drink alcohol to excess”
this could have appeared reasonable if the pigs weren’t the only ones who had access to alcohol.
When the propaganda entirely makes the remainder of the animals forget the initial Commandments, the motto, developed by Snowball is likewise changed to “Four legs good, two legs better”. The pigs prepare the animals to accept their supremacy: when this motto completely replaces the old one, they start to walk on their 2.
The last sensible step is discarding all the Rules altogether, leaving the only one:
“All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than the others”
George Orwell, Animal Farm Prices Quote
hence strengthening and justifying the tyranny of pigs.
The main actions resemble the changes made in initial ideas of Karl Marx when Joseph Stalin eliminated his fellow innovative Leon Trotsky and started his well-known Red Fear. Surely, in reality he had some other factors for it besides just pleasing his ego and desire of high-end and power, but “Animal Farm” that is a satire and an exaggeration, reveals it from the most revolting side. The procedure of making amendments shows the shift from any government to tyranny extremely reasonably.
Initially the tyrant-to-be gathers an army, then, with the assistance of propaganda (represented by Squealer the pig in the book) validates the presence of the army, threatening individuals with some strong, shrewd, cruel (and often non-existing) enemy, making all the changes he makes look a better option than surrender to this enemy. When and if individuals understand what is happening, it is already too late. The laws now allow to arrest and cruelly penalize anybody who disagrees with the politics of the tyrant. The rest of the people are zombified by propaganda and when a generation passes, no one remembers the previous state of affairs, believing that this is the only possible way of living and the people in other countries are living much worse.