Franz Kafka’s novella The Metamorphosis is as a disturbing take a look at the absurdity of life-and is literature at its most upsetting and most reflective. Throughout much of his life, Kafka struggled with insecurity and internal torment. An overweening, aggressive father with extremely unattainable expectations intensified Kafka’s feelings of self-loathing and anguish. In taking a look at The Metamorphosis, much motivation for the actual text appears to have actually originated from the dysfunctional relationship between Kafka and his dad.
A preliminary and rather apparent parallel between Kafka and Gregor Samsa seems to depend on the very name of the lead character. Indeed, much speculation has emerged regarding the possibility that Samsa is a crude cryptogram for the name Kafka. Each word consists of five letters, and the letters of both names inhabit matching positions in the 2 titles. Although Kafka rejected that this congruence was intentional, and even went further to deny any connection between his experiences and Samsa’s, the text of The Transformation shows particular similarities that are too blatant to be neglected.
If The Transformation is genuinely an allegory for the life of Franz Kafka, then it is a profoundly meditative journey into the distorted mind and experience of the author. In a lengthy and revealing confession, which has actually since been released under the title Letter to His Father, Kafka described his sensations concerning their estrangement. Kafka declared himself to be shy, weak, hesitant, uneasy, and a humiliating failure. On the other hand, he perceived his daddy to be vibrant, remarkable, and physically strong, and the contrast troubled him deeply. Kafka felt an overwhelming amount of guilt for the evident dissatisfaction that he had triggered his father. Herr Kafka, although not totally accountable for Kafka’s mindset, magnified his sensations of remorse and embarassment. Kafka felt as if “a sensation of absolutely nothing dominated [him]” This state of consistent disgrace and shame is one that is evident in Gregor Samsa’s character. Ensnared in a stagnant job as a taking a trip salesman, Gregor dislikes his occupation yet feels bound by an inescapable task to satisfy his father’s expectations to retain the work. Gregor awakes one morning to find himself changed into the form of a monstrous vermin, and at once all of his self-doubt and feelings of inadequacy have actually been manifested in physical kind. Such an apparent transformation is a sign of the severe trauma and self-disgust present in Gregor’s psyche. If The Metamorphosis is a commentary on the life of the author, then the idea of self-hatred and alienation is one that has haunted Kafka in the exact same method it haunts Samsa. Through the protagonist, Kafka has conveyed his inner satanic forces as physical form-as a weak, second-rate, and self-proclaimed inadequate individual.
As more evidence of his daddy’s mistreatment of him, Kafka consists of in Letter to His Daddy examples of circumstances when his dad addressed him or his pals as “vermin.” This instance of cruelty is as obvious as and as comparable to Gregor’s condition that it barely requires more discussion. Many significant is Kafka’s usage of the really word “vermin”-so descriptive and so disquieting that the author signifies in a single word the berserk, mistreated state of both himself and Gregor. Kafka recalls similar circumstances when his father addresses him in ways that are bestial and dehumanizing: he calls Kafka “a pig,” and he talks to his wife about Kafka as if his child were not present. In The Transformation, there is a comparable conflict in between father and son-Herr Samsa speaks to Gregor as if he were nothing more than a repulsive monster, and he begins to address his child as “it.” Herr Samsa has problem thinking that Gregor is still psychologically a person (if not physically), and he treats his son with a removed, cavalier manner.
Among the many damages that Kafka sustains as an outcome of his relationship with his daddy is that he “loses the capacity to talk.” This phenomenon exists in Gregor’s scenario. Both author and lead character struggle with an inability to articulate their inner feelings. Kafka’s loss of interaction is figurative; Gregor’s loss is actual. For Kafka, the loss originates from his father’s reproach and his own fear of failure. He is forbidden to hold viewpoints that are contradictory to his father’s, and he is assaulted each time he raises his own beliefs. For Gregor, loss of speech attends his physical transformation, yet the implications are much deeper than their external surface. Gregor suffers badly from the fact that his household can no longer understand him, and it is with a sickening dread that he recognizes he is not able to fully comprehend his father’s speech. From Herr Samsa’s mouth gushes a garbled, animalistic “hissing.” Both Gregor and Kafka endure excruciating periods of silence and retreat into an insular world that is completely lonely and lacking understanding.
Like many terrific authors of comparable caliber and genius, Kafka suffered an agonizing tendency to examine the dark recesses of his inner mind. He was a man filled with torture and sorrow over his own inefficient relationship with his dad. Whether purposely or not, his life experiences shaped The Transformation and came to form the strained relationship between Gregor and Herr Samsa.